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Definition of outlier
an abnormal or nonrepresentative point within a data set
Part of the return that is not due to systematic influences (market wide influences). In
A merger or consolidation in which an acquirer purchases the selling firm's assets.
Any possession that has value in an exchange.
A resource, recorded through a transaction, that is expected to yield a benefit to a
Something that is owned; a financial claim or a piece of property that is a store of value.
Probable future economic benefit that is obtained or controlled by an entity as a result of
Anything owned by, or owed to, an individual or business which has commercial or exchange value (e.g., cash, property, etc.).
All things of value owned by an individual or organization.
Ratios that measure how effectively the firm is managing its assets.
The decision regarding how an institution's funds should be distributed among the
Bond or note secured by assets of company.
A security that is collateralized by loans, leases, receivables, or installment contracts
Methods of financing in which lenders and equity investors look principally to the
Loans granted usually by a financial institution where the asset being financed constitutes the sole security given to the lender.
Categories of assets, such as stocks, bonds, real estate and foreign securities.
Extent to which a company's net assets cover a particular debt obligation, class of preferred stock, or equity position.
A bond indenture restriction that permits additional borrowing on if the ratio of assets to
The ratio of total assets to stockholder equity.
Asset for asset swap
Creditors exchange the debt of one defaulting borrower for the debt of another
Also called surplus management, the task of managing funds of a financial
The weighting of assets in an investment portfolio among different asset classes (e.g. shares, bonds, property, cash, overseas investments.
Asset pricing model
A model for determining the required rate of return on an asset.
Asset pricing model
A model, such as the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM), that determines the required
The amount of total risk that can be eliminated by diversification by
A firm's investing in assets that are riskier than those that the debtholders expected.
Asset substitution problem
Arises when the stockholders substitute riskier assets for the firm's existing
An interest rate swap used to alter the cash flow characteristics of an institution's assets so as to
The ratio of net sales to total assets.
a ratio measuring asset productivity and showing the number of sales dollars generated by each dollar of assets
asset turnover ratio
A broad-gauge ratio computed by dividing annual
A firm's productive resources.
Anything of value that a company owns.
Things that the business owns.
Items owned by the company or expenses that have been paid for but have not been used up.
A common element of a financial plan that describes projected capital spending and the
Bank for International Settlements (BIS)
An international bank headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, which
In the bond market, the smallest measure used for quoting yields is a basis point. Each percentage
One one-hundredth of one percent
One hundredth of one percentage point, or 0.0001.
One one-hundredth of a percentage point, used to express variations in yields. For example, the difference between 5.36 percent and 5.38 percent is 2 basis points.
A conventional unit of measure for bond prices set at $10 and equivalent to 1% of the $100 face
break-even point (BEP)
the level of activity, in units or dollars, at which total revenues equal total costs
The point at which total costs equal total revenue, i.e. where there is neither a profit nor a loss.
The annual sales volume level at which total contribution
The sales level at which a company, division, or product line makes a
an asset used to generate revenues or cost savings
A fixed asset, something that is expected to have long-term usage within
Capital asset pricing model (CAPM)
An economic theory that describes the relationship between risk and
Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)
A model for estimating equilibrium rates of return and values of
capital asset pricing model (CAPM)
Theory of the relationship between risk and return which states that the expected risk
Capitalized Cost An expenditure or accrual that is reported as an asset to be amortized against
CARs (cumulative abnormal returns)
a measure used in academic finance articles to measure the excess returns an investor would have received over a particular time period if he or she were invested in a particular stock.
Cash-flow break-even point
The point below which the firm will need either to obtain additional financing
Cash settlement contracts
Futures contracts, such as stock index futures, that settle for cash, not involving
An offset to an asset account that reduces the balance of the asset account.
Cumulative abnormal return (CAR)
Sum of the differences between the expected return on a stock and the
Typically the cash, accounts receivable, and inventory accounts on the
Value of cash, accounts receivable, inventories, marketable securities and other assets that
Cash, things that will be converted into cash within a year (such as accounts receivable), and inventory.
Amounts receivable by the business within a period of 12 months, including bank, debtors, inventory and prepayments.
Current refers to cash and those assets that will be turned
Cash and other company assets that can be readily turned into cash within one year.
bits of knowledge or facts that have not been summarized
a form of analysis in which statistical techniques
Deferred Tax Asset
Future tax benefit that results from (1) the origination of a temporary difference
Those points designated by futures exchanges at which the financial instrument or
Dynamic asset allocation
An asset allocation strategy in which the asset mix is mechanistically shifted in
Electronic data interchange (EDI)
The exchange of information electronically, directly from one firm's
electronic data interchange (EDI)
the computer-to-computer transfer of information in virtual real time using standardized formats developed by the American National Standards Institute
Exchange of assets
Acquisition of another company by purchase of its assets in exchange for cash or stock.
Feasible set of portfolios
The collection of all feasible portfolios.
Claims on real assets.
Claims to the income generated by real assets. Also called securities.
Long-lived property owned by a firm that is used by a firm in the production of its income.
An item with a longevity greater than one year, and which exceeds a company’s
Fixed asset turnover ratio
The ratio of sales to fixed assets.
Things that the business owns and are part of the business infrastructure – fixed assets may be
An informal term that refers to the variety of long-term operating
Land, buildings, plant, equipment, and other assets acquired for carrying on the business of a company with a life exceeding one year. Normally expressed in financial accounts at cost, less accumulated depreciation.
Fixed Assets Turnover Ratio
A measure of the utilization of a company's fixed assets to
Free-on-Board (FOB) Shipping Point
A shipping arrangement agreed to between buyer and
Good delivery and settlement procedures
Refers to PSA Uniform Practices such as cutoff times on delivery
Delivery and settlement of securities within five business days.
A legal claim to some future benefit, typically a claim to future cash. Goodwill, intellectual
A nonphysical asset with a life greater than one year. Examples are
Assets owned by the company that do not possess physical substance; they usually take the form of rights and privileges such as patents, copyrights, and franchises.
Intangible fixed assets
Non-physical assets, e.g. customer goodwill or intellectual property (patents and trademarks).
Limitation on asset dispositions
A bond covenant that restricts in some way a firm's ability to sell major assets.
Asset that is easily and cheaply turned into cash - notably cash itself and short-term securities.
Value of property, equipment and other capital assets minus the depreciation. This is an
Longer-Term Fixed Assets
Assets having a useful life greater than one year but the duration of the 'long term' will vary with the context in which the term is applied.
Markowitz efficient set of portfolios
The collection of all efficient portfolios, graphically referred to as the
A system, such as the arrangement between the CME and SIMEX, which allows trading
net asset value
The value of all the holdings of a mutual fund, less the fund's liabilities.
Net asset value (NAV)
The value of a fund's investments. For a mutual fund, the net asset value per share
The difference between total assets on the one hand and current liabilities and noncapitalized longterm
A tangible asset with unique physical properties, like a parcel of land, a mine, or a
Official Settlements Account
An account within the balance of payments accounts showing the change in a country's official foreign exchange reserves. It is used to measure a balance of payments deficit or surplus.
Elimination of a long or short position by making an opposite transaction. Related: liquidation.
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