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Definition of Microeconomics
The study of firm and individual decisions insofar as they affect the allocation and distribution of goods and services.
A bond covenant that specifies certain actions the firm must take.
the systematic assignment of an amount to a recipient
The process of storing costs in one account and shifting them to other
hours, machine hours or volume of production
a method of allocating joint cost to joint products using a
The decision regarding how an institution's funds should be distributed among the
decision allocation of invested funds between risk-free assets versus the risky portfolio.
Movement of cash from different lockbox locations into a single concentration
he written statement that follows any "trade" in the securities markets. Confirmation is issued
the assignment, using some reasonable basis,
the total cost of the
The cost of merchandise that a company sold this year. For manufacturing companies, the cost of raw
See cost of sales.
The cost of the items that were sold during the current period.
The accumulated total of all costs used to create a product or service,
Cost of goods sold
The charge to expense of the direct materials, direct labor, and
Cumulative probability distribution
A function that shows the probability that the random variable will
A branch warehouse containing finished goods and service
a cost incurred to warehouse, transport, or deliver a product or service
Inventory intended for shipment to customers, usually
Payments from fund or corporate cash flow. May include dividends from earnings, capital
Dynamic asset allocation
An asset allocation strategy in which the asset mix is mechanistically shifted in
A statistical study that examines how the release of information affects prices at a particular time.
decisions concerning the liabilities and stockholders' equity side of the firm's balance
Finished goods inventory
goods that have been completed by the manufacturing
Finished goods inventory
Completed inventory items ready for shipment to
Refers to an order to buy or sell that can be executed without confirmation for some fixed period. Also,
Firm commitment underwriting
An undewriting in which an investment banking firm commits to buy the
Firm's net value of debt
Total firm value minus total firm debt.
See:diversifiable risk or unsystematic risk.
The organization of data to show how often certain values or ranges of values occur.
Insurance that is offered to individuals rather than groups.
Individual Retirement Account
A personal savings account into which a defined
Individual Retirement Annuity
An IRA comprised of an annuity that is managed
Organizations that furnish investment and other types of information, such as
Intrinsic value of a firm
The present value of a firm's expected future net cash flows discounted by the
decisions concerning the asset side of a firm's balance sheet, such as the decision to
A distribution where the logarithm of the variable follows a normal distribution.
decisions concerning the operation of the firm, such as the choice of firm size, firm
Mutually exclusive investment decisions
Investment decisions in which the acceptance of a project
Neglected firm effect
The tendency of firms that are neglected by security analysts to outperform firms that
net realizable value at split-off allocation
a method of allocating joint cost to joint products that uses, as the proration base, sales value at split-off minus all costs necessary
Include such things as freight, insurance, passenger services, and travel.
Normal (bell-shaped) distribution
In statistics, a theoretical frequency
Normal probability distribution
A probability distribution for a continuous random variable that is forms a
The process of spreading production overhead equitably over the volume of production of goods or services.
physical measurement allocation
a method of allocating a joint cost to products that uses a common physical characteristic as the proration base
Policy asset allocation
A long-term asset allocation method, in which the investor seeks to assess an
Also called a probability function, a function that describes all the values that the random variable can
A list of all possible outcomes and the chance of each outcome
a range of possible values for which each value has an assigned likelihood of occurrence
Realizable Revenue A revenue transaction where assets received in exchange for goods and
services are readily convertible into known amounts of cash or claims to cash.
Retail investors, individual investors
Small investors who commit capital for their personal account.
sales value at split-off allocation
a method of assigning joint cost to joint products that uses the relative sales values of the products at the split-off point as the proration basis; use of this method requires that all joint products
Short-term investment services
services that assist firms in making short-term investments.
Probability distribution in which an unequal number of observations lie below and
The tendency of small firms (in terms of total market capitalization) to outperform the
Standardized normal distribution
A normal distribution with a mean of 0 and a standard deviation of 1.
Tactical Asset Allocation (TAA)
An asset allocation strategy that allows active departures from the normal
A firm that is the object of a takeover by another firm.
Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994
A federal act that minimizes the impact on people serving in the Armed Forces
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