|material price variance|
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Definition of material price variance
material price variance
total actual cost of material purchased
The difference between the actual and budgeted cost to
Very early orders for materials before the completion
The price at which a willing buyer and a willing unrelated seller would freely agree to
A dealer's price to sell a security; also called the offer price.
Gives the lessee the option to purchase the asset at a price below fair market
price expressed in terms of yield to maturity or annual rate of return.
This is the quoted bid, or the highest price an investor is willing to pay to buy a security. Practically
A listing of all the materials and quantities that go to make up a completed product.
a document that contains information about
An itemization of the parts and subassemblies required to create a
A listing of all parts and subassemblies required to produce one
A bill of material that accounts for the generation and
the difference between total actual overhead
The price, specified at issuance, at which the issuer of a bond may retire part of the bond at a
The price for which a bond can be repaid before maturity under a call provision.
Bond price excluding accrued interest.
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
The CPI, as it is called, measures the prices of consumer goods and services and is a
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
An index calculated by tracking the cost of a typical bundle of consumer goods and services over time. It is commonly used to measure inflation.
the budget variance of the two variance approach to analyzing overhead variances
Conversion parity price
Related:Market conversion price
The contractually specified price per share at which a convertible security can be
A statistical measure of the degree to which random variables move together.
A measure of the degree to which returns on two assets move in
The price fixed by the Clearing house at which deliveries on futures are in invoiced; also the
Devaluation A decrease in the spot price of the currency
a readily identifiable part of a product; the cost of such a part
Direct materials cost
The cost of all materials used in a cost object, such as finished goods.
Direct materials mix variance
The variance between the budgeted and actual mixes of
Bond price including accrued interest, i.e., the price paid by the bond buyer.
Dollar price of a bond
Percentage of face value at which a bond is quoted.
Inventory that has been physically marked as being for a
Effective call price
The strike price in an optional redemption provision plus the accrued interest to the
Equilibrium market price of risk
The slope of the capital market line (CML). Since the CML represents the
Escalating Price Option
A nonqualified stock option that uses a sliding scale for
The price at which the underlying future or options contract may be bought or sold.
The price set for buying an asset (call) or selling an asset (put).
Fair market price
Amount at which an asset would change hands between two parties, both having
The equilibrium price for futures contracts. Also called the theoretical futures price, which equals
Fair price provision
fixed overhead spending variance
the difference between the total actual fixed overhead and budgeted fixed overhead;
fixed overhead volume variance
see volume variance
Fixed price basis
An offering of securities at a fixed price.
Fixed-price tender offer
A one-time offer to purchase a stated number of shares at a stated fixed price,
Flat price (also clean price)
The quoted newspaper price of a bond that does not include accrued interest.
Flat price risk
Taking a position either long or short that does not involve spreading.
Also called dirty price, the price of a bond including accrued interest. Related: flat price.
The price at which the parties to a futures contract agree to transact on the settlement date.
The highest (intraday) price of a stock over the past 52 weeks, adjusted for any stock splits.
Indented bill of material
A bill of material reporting format under which successively
The price that the buyer of a futures contract must pay the seller when a Treasury Bond is delivered.
labor efficiency variance
the number of hours actually worked minus the standard hours allowed for the production
Labor efficiency variance
The difference between the amount of time that was budgeted
labor mix variance
(actual mix X actual hours X standard rate) - (standard mix X actual hours X standard rate);
labor rate variance
the actual rate (or actual weighted average rate) paid to labor for the period minus the standard rate multiplied by all hours actually worked during the period;
Labor rate variance
The difference between the actual and standard direct labor rates
labor yield variance
(standard mix X actual hours X standard rate) - (standard mix X standard hours X standard rate);
Law of one price
An economic rule stating that a given security must have the same price regardless of the
law of one price
Theory that prices of goods in all countries should be equal when translated to a common currency.
Maximum price fluctuation
Maximum price fluctuation
This is the day's lowest price of a security that has changed hands between a buyer and a seller.
Low price-earnings ratio effect
The tendency of portfolios of stocks with a low price-earnings ratio to
Market conversion price
Also called conversion parity price, the price that an investor effectively pays for
Market price of risk
A measure of the extra return, or risk premium, that investors demand to bear risk. The
The amount of money that a willing buyer pays to acquire something from a willing seller,
Marketplace price efficiency
The degree to which the prices of assets reflect the available marketplace
material mix variance
(actual mix X actual quantity X standard price) - (standard mix X actual quantity X standardprice);
material quantity variance
(actual quantity X standard price) - (standard quantity allowed standard price);
Material requirements planning
A computerized system used to calculate material
Material requirements planning (MRP)
A computer-driven production methodology
material requisition form
a source document that indicates
Material review board
A company committee typically comprising members representing
material yield variance
(standard mix X actual quantity X standard price) - (standard mix X standard quantity X standard price);
The proportional size of a financial misstatement. It can be construed as
A characterization of the magnitude of a financial statement item's effect on a
Materials quantity variance
The difference between the actual and budgeted quantities
Materials requirement planning
Computer-based systems that plan backward from the production schedule
materials requirements planning (MRP)
a computerbased information system that simulates the ordering and
A document listing the quantities of specific parts to be withdrawn
Matrix bill of material
A bill of materials chart listing the bills for similar products,
Maximum price fluctuation
The maximum amount the contract price can change, up or down, during one
Evaluation of risky prospects based on the expected value and variance of possible outcomes.
The selection of portfolios based on the means and variances of their returns. The
Mean-variance efficient portfolio
Related: Markowitz efficient portfolio
Minimum price fluctuation
Smallest increment of price movement possible in trading a given contract. Also
Graph of the lowest possible portfolio variance that is attainable for a given
The portfolio of risky assets with lowest variance.
Modular bill of material
A bill of material format in which components and subassemblies
Multilevel bill of material
An itemization of all bill of material components, including
negotiated transfer price
an intracompany charge for goods
price quotations on futures for a period in which no actual trading took place.
Any inventory item that does not match its original design
the fixed overhead volume variance;
The waste materials resulting from a production process.
The range of prices at which the first bids and offers were made or first transactions were
Optimum selling price
The price at which profit is maximized, which takes into account the cost behaviour of fixed and variable costs and the relationship between price and demand for a product/service.
Also called the option premium, the price paid by the buyer of the options contract for the right
overhead efficiency variance
the difference between total budgeted overhead at actual hours and total budgeted
overhead spending variance
the difference between total actual overhead and total budgeted overhead at actual
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