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Definition of linear programminglinear programminga method of mathematical programming used to solve a problem that involves an objective function and multiple limiting factors or constraints long-term variable cost a cost that was traditionally viewed as a fixed cost Linear programmingTechnique for finding the maximum value of some equation subject to stated linear constraints.
Related Terms:decision variablean unknown item for which a linear programming feasible solutiona solution to a linear programming problem Integer programmingVariant of linear programming whereby the solution values must be integers. non-negativity constrainta restriction in a linear programming objective functionthe linear mathematical equation that optimal solutionthe solution to a linear programming problem Q ratio or Tobin's Q ratioMarket value of a firm's assets divided by replacement value of the firm's assets. simplex methodan iterative (sequential) algorithm used to solve multivariable, multiconstraint linear programming problems slack variablea variable used in a linear programming problem surplus variablea variable used in a linear programming problem that represents overachievement of a minimum requirement; it is associated with greater-than-or-equal-to constraints integer programminga mathematical programming technique in which all solutions for variables must be restricted to whole numbers Linear regressionA statistical technique for fitting a straight line to a set of data points. Log-linear least-squares methodA statistical technique for fitting a curve to a set of data points. One of the Mathematical programmingAn operations research technique that solves problems in which an optimal mathematical programminga variety of techniques used Planning, programming and budgeting system (PPBS)A method of budgeting in which budgets are allocated to projects or programmes rather than to responsibility centres. Simple linear regressionA regression analysis between only two variables, one dependent and the other explanatory. Simple linear trend modelAn extrapolative statistical model that asserts that earnings have a base level and Zero-one integer programmingAn analytical method that can be used to determine the solution to a capital feasible regionthe graphical space contained within and on
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