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labor rate variance |
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Definition of labor rate variancelabor rate variancethe actual rate (or actual weighted average rate) paid to labor for the period minus the standard rate multiplied by all hours actually worked during the period; Labor rate varianceThe difference between the actual and standard direct labor rates
Related Terms:Accelerated cost recovery system (ACRS)Schedule of depreciation rates allowed for tax purposes. Accelerated depreciationAny depreciation method that produces larger deductions for depreciation in the accelerated depreciation(1) The estimated useful life of the fixed asset being depreciated is Accelerated depreciationAny of several methods that recognize an increased amount Accounting rate of return (ARR)A method of investment appraisal that measures accounting rate of return (ARR)the rate of earnings obtained on the average capital investment over the life of a capital project; computed as average annual profits divided by average investment; not based on cash flow Active portfolio strategyA strategy that uses available information and forecasting techniques to seek a Adjustable rate preferred stock (ARPS)Publicly traded issues that may be collateralized by mortgages and MBSs. After-tax real rate of returnMoney after-tax rate of return minus the inflation rate. All equity rateThe discount rate that reflects only the business risks of a project and abstracts from the Amortizing interest rate swapSwap in which the principal or national amount rises (falls) as interest rates Annual percentage rate (APR)The periodic rate times the number of periods in a year. For example, a 5% annual percentage rate (APR)Interest rate that is annualized using simple interest. Arithmetic average (mean) rate of returnArithmetic mean return. Auction rate preferred stock (ARPS)Floating rate preferred stock, the dividend on which is adjusted every Average rate of return (ARR)The ratio of the average cash inflow to the amount invested. Average tax rateTaxes as a fraction of income; total taxes divided by total taxable income. average tax rateTotal taxes owed divided by total income. Barbell strategyA strategy in which the maturities of the securities included in the portfolio are concentrated Base interest rateRelated: Benchmark interest rate. Basic business strategiesKey strategies a firm intends to pursue in carrying out its business plan. Benchmark interest rateAlso called the base interest rate, it is the minimum interest rate investors will Blue Ribbon Committee on Improving the Effectiveness of Corporate Audit CommitteesA committee formed in response to SEC chairman Arthur Levitt's initiative to improve the financial book rate of returnAccounting income divided by book value. Break-even payment rateThe prepayment rate of a MBS coupon that will produce the same CFY as that of Break-even tax rateThe tax rate at which a party to a prospective transaction is indifferent between entering Broker loan rateRelated: Call money rate. budget variancethe difference between total actual overhead Bullet strategyA strategy in which a portfolio is constructed so that the maturities of its securities are highly Buy-and-hold strategyA passive investment strategy with no active buying and selling of stocks from the Call money rateAlso called the broker loan rate , the interest rate that banks charge brokers to finance Capitalization RateA discount rate used to find the present value of a series of future cash receipts. Sometimes called discount rate. cash burn rateA relatively recent term that refers to how fast a business Combination strategyA strategy in which a put and with the same strike price and expiration are either both compensation strategya foundation for the compensation plan that addresses the role compensation should play in the organization computer integrated manufacturing (CIM)the integration of two or more flexible manufacturing systems through the use of a host computer and an information networking system confrontation strategyan organizational strategy in which company management decides to confront, rather than avoid, competition; an organizational strategy in which company management still attempts to differentiate company ConglomerateA firm engaged in two or more unrelated businesses. Conglomerate mergerA merger involving two or more firms that are in unrelated businesses. Contribution RateThe percentage tax charged by a state to an employer to controllable variancethe budget variance of the two variance approach to analyzing overhead variances Corporate acquisitionThe acquisition of one firm by anther firm. Corporate bondsDebt obligations issued by corporations. Corporate charterA legal document creating a corporation. Corporate financeOne of the three areas of the discipline of finance. It deals with the operation of the firm Corporate financial managementThe application of financial principals within a corporation to create and Corporate financial planningFinancial planning conducted by a firm that encompasses preparation of both Corporate processing floatThe time that elapses between receipt of payment from a customer and the Corporate tax viewThe argument that double (corporate and individual) taxation of equity returns makes Corporate taxable equivalentrate of return required on a par bond to produce the same after-tax yield to cost leadership strategya plan to achieve the position in a Coupon rateIn bonds, notes or other fixed income securities, the stated percentage rate of interest, usually Coupon RateThe rate of interest paid on a debt security. Generally stated on an Coupon rateThe nominal interest rate that the issuer promises to pay the coupon rateAnnual interest payment as a percentage of face value. CovarianceA statistical measure of the degree to which random variables move together. CovarianceA measure of the degree to which returns on two assets move in Covered call writing strategyA strategy that involves writing a call option on securities that the investor Covered or hedge option strategiesStrategies that involve a position in an option as well as a position in the Crediting rateThe interest rate offered on an investment type insurance policy. Cross ratesThe exchange rate between two currencies expressed as the ratio of two foreign exchange rates Crossover rateThe return at which two alternative projects have the same net present value. Current rate methodUnder this currency translation method, all foreign currency balance-sheet and income Dedication strategyRefers to multi-period cash flow matching. differentiation strategya technique for avoiding competition by distinguishing a product or service from that of competitors through adding sufficient value (including quality and/or features) that customers are willing to pay direct laborthe time spent by individuals who work specifically Direct laborlabor that is specifically incurred to create a product. Direct materials mix varianceThe variance between the budgeted and actual mixes of discount ratethe rate of return on investment that would be required by a prudent investor to invest in an asset with a specific level risk. Also, a rate of return used to convert a monetary sum, payable or receivable in the future, into present value. Discount rateThe interest rate that the Federal Reserve charges a bank to borrow funds when a bank is Discount RateThe rate of interest used to calculate the present value of a stream discount ratethe rate of return used to discount future cash discount rateInterest rate used to compute present values of future cash flows. Discount RateThe interest rate at which the Fed is prepared to loan reserves to commercial banks. Discount RateA rate of return used to convert a monetary sum, payable or receivable in the future, into present value. Dividend rateThe fixed or floating rate paid on preferred stock based on par value. Dollar-weighted rate of returnAlso called the internal rate of return, the interest rate that will make the Effective annual interest rateAn annual measure of the time value of money that fully reflects the effects of effective annual interest rateInterest rate that is annualized using compound interest. Effective Exchange RateThe weighted average of several exchange rates, where the weights are determined by the extent of our trade done with each country. Effective Interest RateThe rate of interest actually earned on an investment. It is Effective rateA measure of the time value of money that fully reflects the effects of compounding. Effective Tax RateThe total tax provision divided by pretax book income from continuing Equilibrium rate of interestThe interest rate that clears the market. Also called the market-clearing interest Exchange rateThe price of one country's currency expressed in another country's currency. exchange rateAmount of one currency needed to purchase one unit of another. Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM)The methodology by which members of the EMS maintain their Exchange Rate, NominalThe price of one currency in terms of another, in this book defined as number of units of foreign currency per dollar. Exchange Rate, RealThe nominal exchange rate corrected for price level differences. Exchange rate riskAlso called currency risk, the risk of an investment's value changing because of currency expectations theory of exchange ratesTheory that expected spot exchange rate equals the forward rate. Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938A federal Act creating standards of overtime Federal funds rateThis is the interest rate that banks with excess reserves at a Federal Reserve district bank Federal Funds RateThe interest rate at which banks lend deposits at the Federal Reserve to one another overnight. Fisher ratethe rate of return that equates the present values Fixed-exchange rateA country's decision to tie the value of its currency to another country's currency, gold Fixed Exchange RateAn exchange rate held constant by a government promise to buy or sell dollars at the fixed rate on the foreign exchange market. Fixed Interest RateA rate that does not fluctuate with general market conditions.
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