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Definition of Kiretsu
A network of Japanese companies organized around a major bank.
A form of organization commonly used by foreign banks to enter the U.S. market. An agency
Notes issued by states and municipalities to obtain interim financing for
The time that elapses between when a check is deposited into a bank account and when the funds are available to the depositor, during which period the bank is collecting payment from the payer's bank.
A convention used for quoting bids and offers for treasury bills in terms of annualized
A draft addressed to a bank.
Line of credit granted by a bank to a customer.
A computer message system linking major banks. It is used not for effecting payments, but as a
A short-term credit investment created by a non-financial firm and guaranteed by a
An international bank headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, which
State of being unable to pay debts. Thus, the ownership of the firm's assets is transferred from
The argument that expected indirect and direct bankruptcy costs offset the other
The risk that a firm will be unable to meet its debt obligations. Also referred to as default or insolvency risk.
The argument that expected bankruptcy costs preclude firms from being financed entirely
An international wire transfer system for high-value
A merchant banking subsidiary set up by several banks that may or may not be of the
Eligible bankers' acceptances
In the BA market, an acceptance may be referred to as eligible because it is
A bank that regularly accepts foreign currency denominated deposits and makes foreign currency loans.
Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im Bank)
The U.S. federal government agency that extends trade credits to U.S.
Federal Financing Bank
A federal institution that lends to a wide array of federal credit agencies funds it
Federal Home Loan Banks
The institutions that regulate and lend to savings and loan associations. The
Foreign banking market
That portion of domestic bank loans supplied to foreigners for use abroad.
When the Fed offers to buy securities, to sell securities, to do repo, or to do reverses, it solicits
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development - IBRD or World Bank
International bank for Reconstruction and Development makes loans at nearly conventional terms to countries for projects of high
International Banking Facility (IBF)
International banking Facility. A branch that an American bank
Financial intermediaries who perform a variety of services, including aiding in the sale of
A legal proceeding for liquidating or reorganizing a business.
Voting system under which each director is voted upon separately. Related: cumulative voting.
A British term for a bank that specializes not in lending out its own funds, but in providing
Money center banks
banks that raise most of their funds from the domestic and international money markets, relying less on depositors for funds.
A securities marketplace wherein purchasers and sellers regularly gather to trade
PIBOR (Paris Interbank Offer Rate)
The deposit rate on interbank transactions in the Eurocurrency market
A bankruptcy in which a debtor and its creditors pre-negotiate a plan or
Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications (SWIFT)
A dedicated computer network to support funds transfer messages internationally between over 900 member banks worldwide.
Provision in a company's charter requiring a majority of, say, 80% of shareholders to approve
Securities bought and sold for settlement on the same day. Also, when a firm that has been
Time available or needed to effect a turnaround.
Wholesale mortgage banking
The purchasing of loans originated by others, with the servicing rights
A multilateral development finance agency created by the 1944 Bretton Woods, New
Money in a bank cheque account, the difference between receipts and payments.
Money owed to the bank in a cheque account where payments exceed receipts.
The process of taking the balances from the bank statement and the general ledger and making adjustments so that they agree.
a flexible organization structure that
A comparison between the cash position recorded on a company’s
The reorganization or liquidation of a firm that cannot pay its debts.
System whereby customers make payments to a regional collection center which transfers funds to
Voting system in which each director is voted on separately.
A public agency responsible for regulating and controlling an economy's monetary and financial institutions. It is the sole money-issuing authority.
A privately owned, profit-seeking firm that accepts deposits and makes loans.
Federal Reserve Banks
The twelve district banks in the Federal Reserve System.
Fractional Reserve Banking
A banking system in which banks hold only a fraction of their outstanding deposits in cash or on deposit with the central bank.
Middleman between a corporation issuing new securities and the public. The middleman buys the securities issue outright and then resells it to customers. Also called an underwriter.
The International bank for Reconstruction and Development, an international organization that provides long-term loans to developing countries to improve their infrastructure.
A bill of exchange, or draft, drawn by the borrower for payment on a specified date, and accepted by a chartered bank. Upon acceptance, the bill becomes, in effect, a postdated certified cheque.
A financial institution that engages in investment banking functions, such as advising clients in mergers and acquisitions, underwriting securities and taking debt or equity positions.
ABM (automated banking machine)
A bank machine, sometimes referred to as an automated teller machine (ATM).
A guaranteed form of payment which is issued in amounts over $5,000.
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