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Definition of JIT
a philosophy about when to do something;
A cluster of manufacturing, design, and delivery practices designed to
the Japanese word for card; it was the original name
A computer-driven production methodology
Systems that schedule materials/inventory to arrive exactly as they are
The term for several manufacturing innovations that
a production system that attempts to acquire components and produce inventory only as needed, to minimize product defects, and to
a system that maps the skill sets employees
Publicly traded issues that may be collateralized by mortgages and MBSs.
Cash flow provided by operating
Net income adjusted to exclude selected nonrecurring and noncash items of reserve, gain, expense, and loss.
Conventional earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) revised to exclude the effects of mainly nonrecurring items of revenue or gain and expense or loss.
Operations Reported income from continuing operations
The net present value analysis of an asset if financed solely by equity
The entries needed at the end of an accounting period to properly state certain account balances.
Related: Premium payback period.
Cash flow time-line
Line depicting the operating activities and cash flows for a firm over a particular period.
The cumulative, after-tax, prior-year effect of a change in accounting
Cumulative Translation Adjustment (CTA) account
An entry in a translated balance sheet in which gains
the time between the placement of an order to
employee time sheet
a source document that indicates, for each employee, what jobs were worked on during the day and for what amount of time
the amount of time spent in storing inventory or
the time taken to perform quality control activities
A transaction used to adjust the book balance of an inventory
judgmental method (of risk adjustment)
an informal method of adjusting for risk that allows the decision maker
see cycle time
A money manager who assumes he or she can forecast when the stock market will go up and down.
Net adjusted present value
The adjusted present value minus the initial cost of an investment.
Option-adjusted spread (OAS)
1) The spread over an issuer's spot rate curve, developed as a measure of
A pay premium of 50 percent of the regular rate of pay that is earned
A firm that reacts to excess supply or excess demand by adjusting price rather than quantity. Contrast with quantity adjuster.
the actual time consumed performing the
A firm that reacts to excess supply or excess demand by adjusting quantity rather than price. Contrast with price adjuster.
A real time stock or bond quote is one that states a security's most recent offer to sell or bid (buy).
return Return earned on an asset normalized for the amount of risk associated with that asset.
risk-adjusted discount rate method
a formal method of adjusting for risk in which the decision maker increases the rate used for discounting the future cash flows to compensate for increased risk
A probability used to determine a "sure" expected value (sometimes called a
Adjustment to correct measures for changes that happen for seasonal reasons.
the actual time consumed performing the functions
A device used to stamp an employee’s incoming or outgoing time
Interest-bearing deposit at a savings institution that has a specific maturity.
See term deposit.
Demand for payment at a stated future date.
Also called time value, the amount by which the option price exceeds its intrinsic value. The
Time to maturity
The time remaining until a financial contract expires. Also called time until expiration.
Time until expiration
The time remaining until a financial contract expires. Also called time to maturity.
Time value of an option
The portion of an option's premium that is based on the amount of time remaining
Time value of money
The idea that a dollar today is worth more than a dollar in the future, because the dollar
Time-weighted rate of return
Related: Geometric mean return.
A document or electronic record on which an employee records his or
representation of the amounts and timing of all
times interest earned
A ratio that tests the ability of a business to make
Earnings before interest and tax, divided by interest payments.
Times Interest Earned Ratio
A measure of how well a company is able to meet its interest
the time consumed by moving products or
time available or needed to effect a turnaround.
flexible manufacturing system (FMS)
a production system in which a single factory manufactures numerous variations
A policy of decreasing the rate of growth of the money supply gradually over an extended period of time, so that inflation can adjust with smaller unemployment cost. Contrast with cold-turkey policy.
Marketplace price efficiency
The degree to which the prices of assets reflect the available marketplace
Material requirements planning (MRP)
A computer-driven production methodology
A price average that is adjusted by adding other
Nearby futures contract
When several futures contracts are considered, the contract with the closest
Perpetual inventory system
An inventory system in which the balance in the Inventory account is adjusted for the units sold each time a sale is made.
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