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Definition of Gnomes
Freddic Mac's 15-year, fixed-rate pass-through securities issued under its cash program.
A bank Machine, sometimes referred to as an automated teller Machine (ATM).
Schedule of depreciation rates allowed for tax purposes.
Any depreciation method that produces larger deductions for depreciation in the
(1) The estimated useful life of the fixed asset being depreciated is
Any of several methods that recognize an increased amount
A method of investment appraisal that measures
the rate of earnings obtained on the average capital investment over the life of a capital project; computed as average annual profits divided by average investment; not based on cash flow
A strategy that uses available information and forecasting techniques to seek a
Publicly traded issues that may be collateralized by mortgages and MBSs.
cash flow provided by operating
Money after-tax rate of return minus the inflation rate.
Mortgage pass-through securities whose principal and interest payments are
The discount rate that reflects only the business risks of a project and abstracts from the
An arrangement whereby a security issue is canceled if the underwriter is unable
Swap in which the principal or national amount rises (falls) as interest rates
Annual percentage rate (APR)
The periodic rate times the number of periods in a year. For example, a 5%
annual percentage rate (APR)
Interest rate that is annualized using simple interest.
Arithmetic average (mean) rate of return
Arithmetic mean return.
Bond or note secured by assets of company.
Auction rate preferred stock (ARPS)
Floating rate preferred stock, the dividend on which is adjusted every
Average rate of return (ARR)
The ratio of the average cash inflow to the amount invested.
Average tax rate
Taxes as a fraction of income; total taxes divided by total taxable income.
average tax rate
Total taxes owed divided by total income.
A strategy in which the maturities of the securities included in the portfolio are concentrated
Base interest rate
Related: Benchmark interest rate.
The reference year when constructing a price index. By tradition it is given the value 100.
Basic business strategies
Key strategies a firm intends to pursue in carrying out its business plan.
Benchmark interest rate
Also called the base interest rate, it is the minimum interest rate investors will
Blue Ribbon Committee on Improving the Effectiveness of Corporate Audit Committees
A committee formed in response to SEC chairman Arthur Levitt's initiative to improve the financial
The Treasury and federal agencies are moving to a book-entry system in which securities are not represented by engraved pieces of paper but are maintained in computerized records at the
book rate of return
Accounting income divided by book value.
Break-even payment rate
The prepayment rate of a MBS coupon that will produce the same CFY as that of
Break-even tax rate
The tax rate at which a party to a prospective transaction is indifferent between entering
Broker loan rate
Related: Call money rate.
A strategy in which a portfolio is constructed so that the maturities of its securities are highly
A passive investment strategy with no active buying and selling of stocks from the
Call money rate
Also called the broker loan rate , the interest rate that banks charge brokers to finance
A discount rate used to find the present value of a series of future cash receipts. Sometimes called discount rate.
The value of assets that can be converted into cash immediately, as reported by a company. Usually
Amounts held in currency and coin (commonly referred to as petty cash) and amounts on deposit in financial institutions.
Currency, coin, and funds on deposit that are available for immediate withdrawal without
A method of accounting in which profit is calculated as the difference between income
Cash and carry
Purchase of a security and simultaneous sale of a future, with the balance being financed
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
The balance in a company’s checking account(s) plus short-term or temporary investments (sometimes called “marketable securities”), which are highly liquid.
Cash and equivalents
The value of assets that can be converted into cash immediately, as reported by a
A forecasted summary of a firm's expected cash inflows and cash outflows as well as its
cash burn rate
A relatively recent term that refers to how fast a business
The actual physical commodity, as distinguished from a futures contract.
Cash conversion cycle
The length of time between a firm's purchase of inventory and the receipt of cash
cash conversion cycle
Period between firm’s payment for materials
The amount of cash expended.
A company that pays out all earnings per share to stockholders as dividends. Or, a company or
Business that produces a lot of cash but few growth prospects.
In general, the time between cash disbursement and cash collection. In net working capital
The length of time between a purchase of materials and collection of accounts receivable generated by the sale of the products made from the materials.
Cash deficiency agreement
An agreement to invest cash in a project to the extent required to cover any cash
The provision of some futures contracts that requires not delivery of underlying assets but
An incentive offered to purchasers of a firm's product for payment within a specified time
A dividend paid in cash to a company's shareholders. The amount is normally based on
Payment of cash by the firm to its shareholders.
A short-term security that is sufficiently liquid that it may be considered the financial
Temporary investments of currently excess cash in short-term, high-quality
Highly liquid, fixed-income investments with original maturities of three months or less.
Instruments or investments of such high liquidity and safety that they are virtually equal to cash.
In investments, it represents earnings before depreciation , amortization and non-cash charges.
An obvious but at the same time elusive term that refers to cash
the receipt or disbursement of cash; when related
cash received and paid over time.
In investments, NET INCOME plus DEPRECIATION and other noncash charges. In this sense, it is synonymous with cash EARNINGS. Investors focus on cash flow from operations because of their concern with a firm's ability to pay dividends.
Cash flow after interest and taxes
Net income plus depreciation.
Cash-flow break-even point
The point below which the firm will need either to obtain additional financing
Cash flow coverage ratio
The number of times that financial obligations (for interest, principal payments,
Cash Flow Forecast
An estimate of the timing and amount of a company's inflows and outflows of money measured over a specific period of time typically monthly for one to two years then annually for an additional one to three years.
cash flow from operating activities, or cash flow from profit
This equals the cash inflow from sales during the period minus the cash
Cash flow from operations
A firm's net cash inflow resulting directly from its regular operations
Cash flow matching
Also called dedicating a portfolio, this is an alternative to multiperiod immunization in
Cash flow per common share
cash flow from operations minus preferred stock dividends, divided by the
Cash Flow Provided by Operating Activities
With some exceptions, the cash effects of transactions
Cash Flow Provided or Used from Financing Activities
cash receipts and payments involving
Cash Flow Provided or Used from Investing Activities
cash receipts and payments involving
A statement that shows where a company’s cash came from and where it went for a period of time, such as a year.
Cash Flow statement
A financial report that shows the movement in cash for a business during an accounting period.
Cash flow time-line
Line depicting the operating activities and cash flows for a firm over a particular period.
Cash Flow–to–Income Ratio (CFI)
Adjusted cash flow provided by continuing operations
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
A section on the cash-flow statement that shows how much cash a company raised by selling stocks or bonds this year and how much was paid out for cash dividends and other finance-related obligations.
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
A section on the cashflow statement that shows how much cash came in and went out because of various investing activities like purchasing Machinery.
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATIONS
A section on the cash-flow Stockholders’ equity statement that shows how much cash came into a company and how much went out during the normal course of business.
Cash management bill
Very short maturity bills that the Treasury occasionally sells because its cash
Also called spot markets, these are markets that involve the immediate delivery of a security
A public equity issue that is sold to all interested investors.
The proportion of a firm's assets held as cash.
Ratio of cash and cash equivalents to liabilities; in the case of a bank, the ratio of cash to total deposit liabilities.
Cash receipts journal
A journal used to record the transactions that result in a debit to cash.
Cash settlement contracts
Futures contracts, such as stock index futures, that settle for cash, not involving
An amount the insurance company will pay if the policyholder ends a whole life
Cash Surrender Value
This is the amount available to the owner of a life insurance policy upon voluntary termination of the policy before it becomes payable by the death of the life insured. This does not apply to term insurance but only to those policies which have reduced paid up values and cash surrender values. A cash surrender in lieu of death benefit usually has tax implications.
Cash Surrender Value
Benefit that entitles a policy owner to an amount of money upon cancellation of a policy.
A transaction where exchange is immediate, as contrasted to a forward contract, which
The number of cash cycles completed in one year.
Cash value added (CVA)
A method of investment appraisal that calculates the ratio of the net present value of an
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