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Definition of Execution costs
The difference between the execution price of a security and the price that would have
The difference in the performance of an actual investment and a desired investment
The incremental costs of having an agent make decisions for a principal.
costs that increase with increases in the level of investment in current assets.
The process of completing an order to buy or sell securities. Once a trade is executed, it is reported
Financial distress costs
Legal and administrative costs of liquidation or reorganization. Also includes
costs, both implied and direct, associated with a transaction. Such costs include time, effort,
Incremental costs and benefits
costs and benefits that would occur if a particular course of action were
Transaction costs that include the assessment of the investment merits of a financial asset.
Market impact costs
Also called price impact costs, the result of a bid/ask spread and a dealer's price concession.
Market timing costs
costs that arise from price movement of the stock during the time of the transaction
Price impact costs
Related: market impact costs
Round-trip transactions costs
costs of completing a transaction, including commissions, market impact
costs associated with locating a counterparty to a trade, including explicit costs (such as
costs that have been incurred and cannot be reversed.
costs of buying and selling marketable securities and borrowing. Trading costs include
The time, effort, and money necessary, including such things as commission fees and the
costs that are identifiable with and able to be influenced by decisions made at the business
costs that are readily traceable to particular products or services.
costs that do not change with increases or decreases in the volume of goods or services
costs that are necessary to produce a product/service but are not readily traceable to particular products or services – see overhead.
The costs that relate to a period of time.
costs that are constant within a defined level of activity but that can increase or decrease when
costs that have both fixed and variable components.
A budget cost for materials and labour used for decision-making, usually expressed as a per unit cost that is applied to standard quantities from a bill of materials and to standard times from a
costs that have been incurred in the past.
capitalization of costs
When a cost is recorded originally as an increase
fixed expenses (costs)
Expenses or costs that remain the same in amount,
Overhead generally refers to indirect, in contrast to direct,
costs of maintaining current assets, including opportunity cost of capital.
costs of financial distress
costs arising from bankruptcy or distorted business decisions before bankruptcy.
costs that do not depend on the level of output.
costs incurred from shortages in current assets.
costs that have been incurred and cannot be recovered.
costs that change as the level of output changes.
The costs to firms of changing their prices.
Costs Capitalized in Stealth
A particularly egregious form of aggressive cost capitalization
Policy Acquisition Costs
costs incurred by insurance companies in signing new policies, including expenditures on commissions and other selling expenses, promotion expenses, premium
The costs of additional regulation, including higher taxes, borne by large and
A form of start-up cost incurred in preparing for the opening of a new store or facility.
costs related to such onetime activities as opening a new facility, introducing
The price of obtaining capital, either borrowed or equity, with intent to carry on business operations.
Undepreciated Capital Costs
The tax definition of the value of an asset that is eligible for tax deprecation.
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