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Definition of Trading costs
costs of buying and selling marketable securities and borrowing. trading costs include
Optimal amount of cash for a firm to hold, considering the trade-off between the
The incremental costs of having an agent make decisions for a principal.
costs that are identifiable with and able to be influenced by decisions made at the business
When a cost is recorded originally as an increase
costs that increase with increases in the level of investment in current assets.
costs of maintaining current assets, including opportunity cost of capital.
A particularly egregious form of aggressive cost capitalization
costs arising from bankruptcy or distorted business decisions before bankruptcy.
Refers to establishing and liquidating the same position or positions within one day's trading.
costs that are readily traceable to particular products or services.
The difference between the execution price of a security and the price that would have
Legal and administrative costs of liquidation or reorganization. Also includes
costs that do not change with increases or decreases in the volume of goods or services
costs that do not depend on the level of output.
Expenses or costs that remain the same in amount,
costs, both implied and direct, associated with a transaction. Such costs include time, effort,
The price of obtaining capital, either borrowed or equity, with intent to carry on business operations.
Incremental costs and benefits
costs and benefits that would occur if a particular course of action were
costs that are necessary to produce a product/service but are not readily traceable to particular products or services – see overhead.
Transaction costs that include the assessment of the investment merits of a financial asset.
trading by officers, directors, major stockholders, or others who hold private inside
Last trading day
The final day under an exchange's rules during which trading may take place in a particular
Market impact costs
Also called price impact costs, the result of a bid/ask spread and a dealer's price concession.
Market timing costs
costs that arise from price movement of the stock during the time of the transaction
The costs to firms of changing their prices.
The difference in the performance of an actual investment and a desired investment
Overhead generally refers to indirect, in contrast to direct,
The costs that relate to a period of time.
Policy Acquisition Costs
costs incurred by insurance companies in signing new policies, including expenditures on commissions and other selling expenses, promotion expenses, premium
The costs of additional regulation, including higher taxes, borne by large and
A form of start-up cost incurred in preparing for the opening of a new store or facility.
Price impact costs
Related: market impact costs
Trades based on signals from computer programs, usually entered directly from the trader's
Round-trip transactions costs
costs of completing a transaction, including commissions, market impact
costs associated with locating a counterparty to a trade, including explicit costs (such as
costs that are constant within a defined level of activity but that can increase or decrease when
costs that have both fixed and variable components.
costs incurred from shortages in current assets.
A budget cost for materials and labour used for decision-making, usually expressed as a per unit cost that is applied to standard quantities from a bill of materials and to standard times from a
costs related to such onetime activities as opening a new facility, introducing
costs that have been incurred and cannot be reversed.
costs that have been incurred in the past.
costs that have been incurred and cannot be recovered.
Buying and selling securities.
trading of a stock, bond, option or futures contract can be halted by an exchange while news is
CDs purchased by accounts that are likely to resell them. The term is commonly used in the Euromarket.
The posts on the floor of a stock exchange where the specialists stand and securities are traded.
The difference between the high and low prices traded during a period of time;
A debt or equity security bought and held for sale in the near term to generate income on short-term price changes.
The time, effort, and money necessary, including such things as commission fees and the
Undepreciated Capital Costs
The tax definition of the value of an asset that is eligible for tax deprecation.
costs that change as the level of output changes.
The percentage of the assets that were spent to run a mutual fund (as of the last annual
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