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Definition of Excess Demand
A situation in which demand exceeds supply.
Inflation whose initial cause is cost increases rather than excess demand. See also demand-pull inflation.
Inflation whose initial cause is excess demand rather than cost increases. See also cost-push inflation.
The absence of equilibrium. Disequilibrium implies excess demand or excess supply and pressure for change.
A firm that reacts to excess supply or excess demand by adjusting price rather than quantity. Contrast with quantity adjuster.
A firm that reacts to excess supply or excess demand by adjusting quantity rather than price. Contrast with price adjuster.
Checking accounts that pay no interest and can be withdrawn upon demand.
Demand line of credit
A bank line of credit that enables a customer to borrow on a daily or on-demand basis.
Demand master notes
Short-term securities that are repayable immediately upon the holder's demand.
An event that affects the demand for goods in services in the economy.
Any excess of actual reserves above required reserves.
Excess return on the market portfolio
The difference between the return on the market portfolio and the
Also called abnormal returns, returns in excess of those required by some asset pricing model.
demands for securities to hedge particular sources of consumption risk, beyond the usual
Money market demand account
An account that pays interest based on short-term interest rates.
Precautionary demand (for money)
The need to meet unexpected or extraordinary contingencies with a
Speculative demand (for money)
The need for cash to take advantage of investment opportunities that may arise.
Transaction demand (for money)
The need to accommodate a firm's expected cash transactions.
Variable rated demand bond (VRDB)
Floating rate bond that can be sold back periodically to the issuer.
CAPITAL IN EXCESS OF PAR VALUE
What a company collected when it sold stock for more than the par value per share.
Capital in excess par
Amounts in excess of the par value or stated value that have been paid by the public to acquire stock in the company; synonymous with additional paid-in capital.
Total quantity of goods and services demanded.
Aggregate Demand Curve
Combinations of the price level and income for which the goods and services market is in equilibrium, or for which both the goods and services market and the money market are in equilibrium.
An amount desired, in the sense that people are willing and able to pay to obtain this amount. Always associated with a given price.
A bank deposit that can be withdrawn on demand, such as a deposit in a checking account.
Demand Management Policy
Fiscal or monetary policy designed to influence aggregate demand for goods and services.
Unused production capacity.
Reserves of commercial banks in excess of those they are legally required to hold.
A situation in which supply exceeds demand.
Cost Plus Estimated Earnings in Excess of Billings
Revenue recognized to date under the percentage-of-completion method in excess of amounts billed. Also known as unbilled accounts
The demand for a part by an outlying warehouse.
A loan which must be repaid in full on demand.
Ease with which prices adjust in response to excess supply or demand.
Ease with which wages adjust in response to excess supply or demand.
Insured Retirement Plan
This is a recently coined phrase describing the concept of using Universal Life Insurance to tax shelter earnings which can be used to generate tax-free income in retirement. The concept has been described by some as "the most effective tax-neutralization strategy that exists in Canada today."
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