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Definition of Quantity Adjuster
A firm that reacts to excess supply or excess demand by adjusting quantity rather than price. Contrast with price adjuster.
A firm that reacts to excess supply or excess demand by adjusting price rather than quantity. Contrast with quantity adjuster.
The order quantity that minimizes total inventory costs.
an estimate of the number
(actual quantity X standard price) - (standard quantity allowed standard price);
the quantity of input (in hours or some other cost driver measurement) required at standard for the output actually achieved for the period
The difference between the actual and budgeted quantities
Order size that minimizes total inventory costs.
Theory that velocity is constant, and so a change in money supply will change nominal income by the same percentage. Formalized by the equation Mv = PQ.
Abramsâ€™ model for calculating DLOM based on the interaction of discounts from four economic components.
The price at which a willing buyer and a willing unrelated seller would freely agree to
A dealer's price to sell a security; also called the offer price.
Gives the lessee the option to purchase the asset at a price below fair market
price expressed in terms of yield to maturity or annual rate of return.
This is the quoted bid, or the highest price an investor is willing to pay to buy a security. Practically
A conditional trading order that indicates a security may be purchased only at the designated
The price, specified at issuance, at which the issuer of a bond may retire part of the bond at a
The price for which a bond can be repaid before maturity under a call provision.
Bond price excluding accrued interest.
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
The CPI, as it is called, measures the prices of consumer goods and services and is a
Conversion parity price
Related:Market conversion price
The contractually specified price per share at which a convertible security can be
Refers to the volatility of returns on international investments caused by events associated
An order to buy or sell stock that automatically expires if it can't be executed on the day it is entered.
The price fixed by the Clearing house at which deliveries on futures are in invoiced; also the
Devaluation A decrease in the spot price of the currency
Bond price including accrued interest, i.e., the price paid by the bond buyer.
Dollar price of a bond
Percentage of face value at which a bond is quoted.
economic environment in which the firm expects to reside over the life of the
See: in-substance defeasance.
Exists when the costs and/or revenues of one project depend on those of another.
The real flow of cash that a firm could pay out forever in the absence of any change in
The extent to which the value of the firm will change because of an exchange rate change.
Cash flow plus change in present value.
Profits in excess of the competitive level.
In project financing, the risk that the project's output will not be salable at a price that will
For any entity, the difference between the market value of all its assets and the market
An agreement between two or more countries that allows the free movement of capital,
Effective call price
The strike price in an optional redemption provision plus the accrued interest to the
Equilibrium market price of risk
The slope of the capital market line (CML). Since the CML represents the
The price at which the underlying future or options contract may be bought or sold.
Fair market price
Amount at which an asset would change hands between two parties, both having
The equilibrium price for futures contracts. Also called the theoretical futures price, which equals
Fair price provision
Fill or kill order
A trading order that is canceled unless executed within a designated time period.
Fixed price basis
An offering of securities at a fixed price.
Fixed-price tender offer
A one-time offer to purchase a stated number of shares at a stated fixed price,
Flat price risk
Taking a position either long or short that does not involve spreading.
Flat price (also clean price)
The quoted newspaper price of a bond that does not include accrued interest.
Also called dirty price, the price of a bond including accrued interest. Related: flat price.
The price at which the parties to a futures contract agree to transact on the settlement date.
The highest (intraday) price of a stock over the past 52 weeks, adjusted for any stock splits.
The price that the buyer of a futures contract must pay the seller when a Treasury Bond is delivered.
Law of one price
An economic rule stating that a given security must have the same price regardless of the
Leading economic indicators
economic series that tend to rise or fall in advance of the rest of the economy.
An order to buy a stock at or below a specified price or to sell a stock at or above a specified
Limit order book
A record of unexecuted limit orders that is maintained by the specialist. These orders are
Maximum price fluctuation
This is the day's lowest price of a security that has changed hands between a buyer and a seller.
Low price-earnings ratio effect
The tendency of portfolios of stocks with a low price-earnings ratio to
Maximum price fluctuation
Market conversion price
Also called conversion parity price, the price that an investor effectively pays for
This is an order to immediately buy or sell a security at the current trading price.
Market price of risk
A measure of the extra return, or risk premium, that investors demand to bear risk. The
The amount of money that a willing buyer pays to acquire something from a willing seller,
Marketplace price efficiency
The degree to which the prices of assets reflect the available marketplace
Maximum price fluctuation
The maximum amount the contract price can change, up or down, during one
Minimum price fluctuation
Smallest increment of price movement possible in trading a given contract. Also
Negotiable order of withdrawal (NOW)
Demand deposits that pay interest.
price quotations on futures for a period in which no actual trading took place.
Open (good-til-cancelled) order
An individual investor can place an order to buy or sell a security. That
The range of prices at which the first bids and offers were made or first transactions were
Also called the option premium, the price paid by the buyer of the options contract for the right
Pecking-order view (of capital structure)
The argument that external financing transaction costs, especially
Compares a stock's market value to the value of total assets less total liabilities (book
Price/earnings ratio (PE ratio)
Shows the "multiple" of earnings at which a stock sells. Determined by dividing current
Price/sales ratio (PS Ratio)
Determined by dividing current stock price by revenue per share (adjusted for stock splits).
The limitation of the price appreciation potential for a callable bond in a declining interest
Price discovery process
The process of determining the prices of the assets in the marketplace through the
The percentage change in the quantity divided by the percentage change in the price.
Price impact costs
Related: market impact costs
Related: Relative strength
Related: Relative strength
The risk that the value of a security (or a portfolio) will decline in the future. Or, a type of
Individuals who respond to rates and prices by acting as though they have no influence on them.
The market has already incorporated information, such as a low dividend, into the price of a stock.
Price value of a basis point (PVBP)
Also called the dollar value of a basis point, a measure of the change in
price of a share of common stock on the date shown. Highs and lows are based on the highest and
Adjustment mechanism under the classical gold standard whereby
A relationship espoused by some technical analysts that signals continuing rises
The price at which the asset will be sold if a put option is exercised. Also called the strike or
Reverse price risk
A type of mortgage-pipeline risk that occurs when a lender commits to sell loans to an
Sell limit order
Conditional trading order that indicates that a, security may be sold at the designated price or
A figure determined by the closing range which is used to calculate gains and losses in
The current marketprice of the actual physical commodity. Also called cash price.
Stated conversion price
At the time of issuance of a convertible security, the price the issuer effectively
An order to sell a stock when the price falls to a specified level.
Stop order (or stop)
An order to buy or sell at the market when a definite price is reached, either above (on a
A stop order that designates a price limit. In contrast to the stop order, which becomes a
The stated price per share for which underlying stock may be purchased (in the case of a call) or
price that the existing shareholders are allowed to pay for a share of stock in a rights offering.
Theoretical futures price
Also called the fair price, the equilibrium futures price.
The price at which one unit of a firm sells goods or services to another unit of the same firm.
Variable price security
A security, such as stocks or bonds, that sells at a fluctuating, market-determined price.
SPECIFIC INVOICE PRICES
An inventory valuation method in which a company values the items in its ending inventory based
Economic Value Added (EVA)
Operating profit, adjusted to remove distortions caused by certain accounting rules, less a charge
Optimum selling price
The price at which profit is maximized, which takes into account the cost behaviour of fixed and variable costs and the relationship between price and demand for a product/service.
The price at which goods or services are bought and sold within divisions of the same organization, as opposed to an armâ€™s-length price at which sales may be made to an external customer.
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