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Definition of Eurobank
A bank that regularly accepts foreign currency denominated deposits and makes foreign currency loans.
A form of organization commonly used by foreign banks to enter the U.S. market. An agency
Dollar deposits held in Singapore or other Asian centers.
Notes issued by states and municipalities to obtain interim financing for
The time that elapses between when a check is deposited into a bank account and when the funds are available to the depositor, during which period the bank is collecting payment from the payer's bank.
A convention used for quoting bids and offers for treasury bills in terms of annualized
A draft addressed to a bank.
Line of credit granted by a bank to a customer.
A computer message system linking major banks. It is used not for effecting payments, but as a
A short-term credit investment created by a non-financial firm and guaranteed by a
An international bank headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, which
State of being unable to pay debts. Thus, the ownership of the firm's assets is transferred from
The argument that expected indirect and direct bankruptcy costs offset the other
The risk that a firm will be unable to meet its debt obligations. Also referred to as default or insolvency risk.
The argument that expected bankruptcy costs preclude firms from being financed entirely
A currency that is not freely convertible to other currencies due to exchange controls.
Clearing House Interbank Payments System (CHIPS)
An international wire transfer system for high-value
A merchant banking subsidiary set up by several banks that may or may not be of the
Controlled foreign corporation (CFC)
A foreign corporation whose voting stock is more than 50% owned
Taking advantage of divergences in exchange rates in different money markets by
The value of a portfolio of specific amounts of individual currencies, used as the basis for
A financial future contract for the delivery of a specified foreign currency.
An option to buy or sell a foreign currency.
Related: Exchange rate risk
Currency risk sharing
An agreement by the parties to a transaction to share the currency risk associated with
Asset allocation in which the investor chooses among investments denominated in
An agreement to swap a series of specified payment obligations denominated in one currency
Checking accounts that pay no interest and can be withdrawn upon demand.
Devaluation A decrease in the spot price of the currency
Eurobonds that pay coupon interest in one currency but pay the principal in a different
Eligible bankers' acceptances
In the BA market, an acceptance may be referred to as eligible because it is
A short-term fixed rate time deposit denominated in a currency other than the local
The money market for borrowing and lending currencies that are held in the form of
European Currency Unit (ECU)
An index of foreign exchange consisting of about 10 European currencies,
Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im Bank)
The U.S. federal government agency that extends trade credits to U.S.
Federal Financing Bank
A federal institution that lends to a wide array of federal credit agencies funds it
Federal Home Loan Banks
The institutions that regulate and lend to savings and loan associations. The
Foreign banking market
That portion of domestic bank loans supplied to foreigners for use abroad.
A bond issued on the domestic capital market of anther company.
Foreign bond market
That portion of the domestic bond market that represents issues floated by foreign
Foreign currency option
An option that conveys the right to buy or sell a specified amount of foreign
Foreign currency translation
The process of restating foreign currency accounts of subsidiaries into the
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
The acquisition abroad of physical assets such as plant and equipment, with
Foreign equity market
That portion of the domestic equity market that represents issues floated by foreign companies.
currency from another country.
Foreign exchange controls
Various forms of controls imposed by a government on the purchase/sale of
Foreign exchange dealer
A firm or individual that buys foreign exchange from one party and then sells it to
Foreign exchange risk
The risk that a long or short position in a foreign currency might have to be closed out
Foreign exchange swap
An agreement to exchange stipulated amounts of one currency for another currency
Part of a nation's internal market, representing the mechanisms for issuing and trading
Foreign market beta
A measure of foreign market risk that is derived from the capital asset pricing model.
Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC)
A special type of corporation created by the Tax Reform Act of 1984 that
Foreign tax credit
Home country credit against domestic income tax for foreign taxes paid on foreign
A freely convertible currency that is not expected to depreciate in value in the foreseeable future.
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development - IBRD or World Bank
International bank for Reconstruction and Development makes loans at nearly conventional terms to countries for projects of high
International Banking Facility (IBF)
International banking Facility. A branch that an American bank
Financial intermediaries who perform a variety of services, including aiding in the sale of
A legal proceeding for liquidating or reorganizing a business.
A British term for a bank that specializes not in lending out its own funds, but in providing
Money center banks
banks that raise most of their funds from the domestic and international money markets, relying less on depositors for funds.
Such a clause on a Euro loan permits the borrower to switch from one currency to
Give the borrower the possibility of drawing a loan in different currencies.
loans usually represented by conventional mortgages on multi-family rental apartments.
PIBOR (Paris Interbank Offer Rate)
The deposit rate on interbank transactions in the Eurocurrency market
A bankruptcy in which a debtor and its creditors pre-negotiate a plan or
Usually FHA-insured and HUD-guaranteed mortgages on multiple-family housing complexes,
The currency in which the parent firm prepares its own financial statements; that is, U.S.
A foreign currency held by a central bank or monetary authority for the purposes of
Accounts that pay interest, typically at below-market interest rates, that do not have a
Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications (SWIFT)
A dedicated computer network to support funds transfer messages internationally between over 900 member banks worldwide.
A currency that is expected to drop in value relative to other currencies.
Virtual currency option
A new option contract introduced by the PHLX in 1994 that is settled in US$ rather
Wholesale mortgage banking
The purchasing of loans originated by others, with the servicing rights
A multilateral development finance agency created by the 1944 Bretton Woods, New
Money in a bank cheque account, the difference between receipts and payments.
Money owed to the bank in a cheque account where payments exceed receipts.
The process of taking the balances from the bank statement and the general ledger and making adjustments so that they agree.
Amounts that have been loaned to the company and that it still owes.
Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA)
a law passed by U.S. Congress in 1977 that makes it illegal for a U.S. company to engage in various “questionable” foreign payments and
A comparison between the cash position recorded on a company’s
The reorganization or liquidation of a firm that cannot pay its debts.
System whereby customers make payments to a regional collection center which transfers funds to
A public agency responsible for regulating and controlling an economy's monetary and financial institutions. It is the sole money-issuing authority.
A privately owned, profit-seeking firm that accepts deposits and makes loans.
Federal Reserve Banks
The twelve district banks in the Federal Reserve System.
The currency of a foreign country.
Foreign Exchange Market
A worldwide market in which one country's currency is bought or sold in exchange for another country's currency.
Foreign Exchange Reserves
A fund containing the central bank's holdings of foreign currency or claims thereon.
Fractional Reserve Banking
A banking system in which banks hold only a fraction of their outstanding deposits in cash or on deposit with the central bank.
Middleman between a corporation issuing new securities and the public. The middleman buys the securities issue outright and then resells it to customers. Also called an underwriter.
A currency, frequently the U.S. dollar, that is used by other countries to denominate the assets they hold as international reserves.
The International bank for Reconstruction and Development, an international organization that provides long-term loans to developing countries to improve their infrastructure.
A bill of exchange, or draft, drawn by the borrower for payment on a specified date, and accepted by a chartered bank. Upon acceptance, the bill becomes, in effect, a postdated certified cheque.
Farm Improvement and Marketing Cooperatives Loans Act
A financial institution that engages in investment banking functions, such as advising clients in mergers and acquisitions, underwriting securities and taking debt or equity positions.
ABM (automated banking machine)
A bank machine, sometimes referred to as an automated teller machine (ATM).
A guaranteed form of payment which is issued in amounts over $5,000.
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