|capitalization of costs|
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Definition of capitalization of costs
capitalization of costs
When a cost is recorded originally as an increase
The incremental costs of having an agent make decisions for a principal.
Capitalizing and reporting as assets significant portions of
Cost capitalization that stretches the flexibility within generally
costs that are identifiable with and able to be influenced by decisions made at the business
Terms that refer to the combination of
The debt and/or equity mix that fund a firm's assets.
The total amount of debt and equity issued by a company.
A method of constructing a replicating portfolio in which the manager purchases a
A discount rate used to find the present value of a series of future cash receipts. Sometimes called discount rate.
Also called financial leverage ratios, these ratios compare debt to total capitalization
A table showing the capitalization of a firm, which typically includes the amount of
costs that increase with increases in the level of investment in current assets.
costs of maintaining current assets, including opportunity cost of capital.
A particularly egregious form of aggressive cost capitalization
costs arising from bankruptcy or distorted business decisions before bankruptcy.
costs that are readily traceable to particular products or services.
The difference between the execution price of a security and the price that would have
Financial distress costs
Legal and administrative costs of liquidation or reorganization. Also includes
costs that do not change with increases or decreases in the volume of goods or services
costs that do not depend on the level of output.
fixed expenses (costs)
Expenses or costs that remain the same in amount,
costs, both implied and direct, associated with a transaction. Such costs include time, effort,
The price of obtaining capital, either borrowed or equity, with intent to carry on business operations.
Incremental costs and benefits
costs and benefits that would occur if a particular course of action were
costs that are necessary to produce a product/service but are not readily traceable to particular products or services – see overhead.
Transaction costs that include the assessment of the investment merits of a financial asset.
Indicator of financial leverage. Shows long-term debt as a proportion of the
The total dollar value of all outstanding shares. Computed as shares times current
Aggregate value of a corporation as determined by the market price of its total issued and outstanding stock.
market capitalization, or market cap
Current market value per share of
Market capitalization rate
Expected return on a security. The market-consensus estimate of the appropriate
Market impact costs
Also called price impact costs, the result of a bid/ask spread and a dealer's price concession.
Market timing costs
costs that arise from price movement of the stock during the time of the transaction
The costs to firms of changing their prices.
The difference in the performance of an actual investment and a desired investment
Overhead generally refers to indirect, in contrast to direct,
The costs that relate to a period of time.
Policy Acquisition Costs
costs incurred by insurance companies in signing new policies, including expenditures on commissions and other selling expenses, promotion expenses, premium
The costs of additional regulation, including higher taxes, borne by large and
A form of start-up cost incurred in preparing for the opening of a new store or facility.
Price impact costs
Related: market impact costs
Round-trip transactions costs
costs of completing a transaction, including commissions, market impact
costs associated with locating a counterparty to a trade, including explicit costs (such as
costs that are constant within a defined level of activity but that can increase or decrease when
costs that have both fixed and variable components.
costs incurred from shortages in current assets.
A budget cost for materials and labour used for decision-making, usually expressed as a per unit cost that is applied to standard quantities from a bill of materials and to standard times from a
costs related to such onetime activities as opening a new facility, introducing
costs that have been incurred and cannot be reversed.
costs that have been incurred in the past.
costs that have been incurred and cannot be recovered.
costs of buying and selling marketable securities and borrowing. Trading costs include
The time, effort, and money necessary, including such things as commission fees and the
Undepreciated Capital Costs
The tax definition of the value of an asset that is eligible for tax deprecation.
costs that change as the level of output changes.
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