Information about financial, finance, business, accounting, payroll, inventory, investment, money, inventory control, stock trading, financial advisor, tax advisor, credit.
Main Page: payroll, finance, investment, financial advisor, financial, money, inventory control, stock trading,
Definition of budget variance
the difference between total actual overhead
the budget variance of the two variance approach to analyzing overhead variances
A method of budgeting that develops budgets based on expected activities and cost drivers – see also activity-based costing.
activity-based budgeting (ABB)
planning approach applying activity drivers to estimate the levels and costs of activities necessary to provide the budgeted quantity and
The multiplier associated with a change in government spending financed by an equal change in taxes.
A detailed schedule of financial activity, such as an advertising budget, a sales budget, or a capital budget.
A plan expressed in monetary terms covering a future period of time and based on a defined
a financial plan for the future based on a single level
A set of interlinked plans that quantitatively describe a company’s projected
The annual period over which budgets are prepared.
The amount by which government spending exceeds government revenues.
The excess of government spending over tax receipts.
a detailed set of documents that provides information
an intentional underestimation of revenues
The process of ensuring that actual financial results are in line with targets – see variance
a planned expenditure
the process of formalizing plans and committing
A firm's set of planned capital expenditures.
management’s plan for investments in longterm
List of planned investment projects.
The process of choosing the firm's long-term capital assets.
Refers generally to analysis procedures for ranking
The process of ranking and selecting investment alternatives and
a process of evaluating an entity’s proposed
The series of steps one follows when justifying the decision to purchase
capital budgeting decision
Decision as to which real assets the firm should acquire.
A forecasted summary of a firm's expected cash inflows and cash outflows as well as its
Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA)
A federal Act
a process in which there is a rolling
A statistical measure of the degree to which random variables move together.
A measure of the degree to which returns on two assets move in
Direct materials mix variance
The variance between the budgeted and actual mixes of
a plan that aggregates monetary details
fixed overhead spending variance
the difference between the total actual fixed overhead and budgeted fixed overhead;
fixed overhead volume variance
see volume variance
A method of budgetary control that flexes, i.e. adjusts the original budget by applying standard
a presentation of multiple budgets that
a budget developed by top management
A budget that takes the previous year as a base and adds (or deducts) a percentage to arrive at
labor efficiency variance
the number of hours actually worked minus the standard hours allowed for the production
Labor efficiency variance
The difference between the amount of time that was budgeted
labor mix variance
(actual mix X actual hours X standard rate) - (standard mix X actual hours X standard rate);
labor rate variance
the actual rate (or actual weighted average rate) paid to labor for the period minus the standard rate multiplied by all hours actually worked during the period;
Labor rate variance
The difference between the actual and standard direct labor rates
labor yield variance
(standard mix X actual hours X standard rate) - (standard mix X standard hours X standard rate);
the comprehensive set of all budgetary schedules
material mix variance
(actual mix X actual quantity X standard price) - (standard mix X actual quantity X standardprice);
material price variance
total actual cost of material purchased
material quantity variance
(actual quantity X standard price) - (standard quantity allowed standard price);
material yield variance
(standard mix X actual quantity X standard price) - (standard mix X standard quantity X standard price);
Materials price variance
The difference between the actual and budgeted cost to
Materials quantity variance
The difference between the actual and budgeted quantities
Evaluation of risky prospects based on the expected value and variance of possible outcomes.
The selection of portfolios based on the means and variances of their returns. The
Mean-variance efficient portfolio
Related: Markowitz efficient portfolio
Graph of the lowest possible portfolio variance that is attainable for a given
The portfolio of risky assets with lowest variance.
the fixed overhead volume variance;
a budget expressed in both units and dollars
overhead efficiency variance
the difference between total budgeted overhead at actual hours and total budgeted
overhead spending variance
the difference between total actual overhead and total budgeted overhead at actual
a budget that has been developed
Planning, programming and budgeting system (PPBS)
A method of budgeting in which budgets are allocated to projects or programmes rather than to responsibility centres.
Weighted sum of the covariance and variances of the assets in a portfolio.
A budget that allocates funds in line with strategies.
Production yield variance
The difference between the actual and budgeted proportions
an approach to budgeting that relates
see continuous budgeting
A method of budgeting in which as each month passes, an additional budget month is added such that there is always a 12-month budget.
Selling price variance
The difference between the actual and budgeted selling price for
The covariance between a variable and the lagged value of the variable; the same as
total overhead variance
the difference between total actual overhead and total applied overhead; it is the amount of underapplied or overapplied overhead
the difference between total actual cost incurred
variable overhead efficiency variance
the difference between budgeted variable overhead based on actual input activity and variable overhead applied to production
variable overhead spending variance
the difference between total actual variable overhead and the budgeted amount of variable overhead based on actual input activity
A measure of dispersion of a set of data points around their mean value. The mathematical
The weighted average of the squared deviations from the
a difference between an actual and a standard or
The dispersion of a variable. The square of the standard deviation.
Average value of squared deviations from mean. A measure of volatility.
A method of budgetary control that compares actual performance against plan, investigates the causes of the variance and takes corrective action to ensure that targets are achieved.
the process of categorizing the nature (favorable or unfavorable) of the differences between standard and actual costs and determining the reasons for those differences
Variance minimization approach to tracking
An approach to bond indexing that uses historical data to
Specifies the permitted minimum or maximum quantity of securities that can be delivered to
a fixed overhead variance that represents
a comprehensive budgeting process
A method of budgeting that ignores historical budgetary allocations and identifies the costs that are necessary to implement agreed strategies.
A cost that changes in amount in relation to changes in a related activity.
Related to : financial, finance, business, accounting, payroll, inventory, investment, money, inventory control, stock trading, financial advisor, tax advisor, credit.