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Definition of budget slack
an intentional underestimation of revenues
A detailed schedule of financial activity, such as an advertising budget, a sales budget, or a capital budget.
The amount by which government spending exceeds government revenues.
A firm's set of planned capital expenditures.
The process of choosing the firm's long-term capital assets.
A forecasted summary of a firm's expected cash inflows and cash outflows as well as its
A method of budgeting that develops budgets based on expected activities and cost drivers – see also activity-based costing.
A plan expressed in monetary terms covering a future period of time and based on a defined
The annual period over which budgets are prepared.
The process of ensuring that actual financial results are in line with targets – see variance
A method of budgetary control that flexes, i.e. adjusts the original budget by applying standard
A budget that takes the previous year as a base and adds (or deducts) a percentage to arrive at
Planning, programming and budgeting system (PPBS)
A method of budgeting in which budgets are allocated to projects or programmes rather than to responsibility centres.
A budget that allocates funds in line with strategies.
A method of budgeting in which as each month passes, an additional budget month is added such that there is always a 12-month budget.
A method of budgeting that ignores historical budgetary allocations and identifies the costs that are necessary to implement agreed strategies.
Refers generally to analysis procedures for ranking
The process of ranking and selecting investment alternatives and
activity-based budgeting (ABB)
planning approach applying activity drivers to estimate the levels and costs of activities necessary to provide the budgeted quantity and
a financial plan for the future based on a single level
a planned expenditure
the process of formalizing plans and committing
a detailed set of documents that provides information
the difference between total actual overhead
management’s plan for investments in longterm
a process of evaluating an entity’s proposed
a process in which there is a rolling
a plan that aggregates monetary details
a presentation of multiple budgets that
a budget developed by top management
the comprehensive set of all budgetary schedules
a budget expressed in both units and dollars
a budget that has been developed
an approach to budgeting that relates
see continuous budgeting
a variable used in a linear programming problem
a comprehensive budgeting process
A set of interlinked plans that quantitatively describe a company’s projected
The series of steps one follows when justifying the decision to purchase
List of planned investment projects.
capital budgeting decision
Decision as to which real assets the firm should acquire.
Ready access to cash or debt financing.
The multiplier associated with a change in government spending financed by an equal change in taxes.
The excess of government spending over tax receipts.
Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA)
A federal Act
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