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Definition of Priority-based budget
A budget that allocates funds in line with strategies.
Rule in bankruptcy proceedings whereby senior creditors are required to be paid in full
A method of budgeting that develops budgets based on expected activities and cost drivers – see also activity-based costing.
planning approach applying activity drivers to estimate the levels and costs of activities necessary to provide the budgeted quantity and
A method of costing that uses cost pools to accumulate the cost of significant business activities and then assigns the costs from the cost pools to products or services based on cost drivers.
A relatively new method advocated for the
a process using multiple cost drivers to predict and allocate costs to products and services;
A cost allocation system that compiles costs and assigns
a discipline that focuses on the activities incurred during the production/performance process as the way to improve the value received
Methods of financing in which lenders and equity investors look principally to the
Loans granted usually by a financial institution where the asset being financed constitutes the sole security given to the lender.
an extension of activitybased costing using cost-benefit analysis (based on increased customer utility) to choose the product attribute
The multiplier associated with a change in government spending financed by an equal change in taxes.
A detailed schedule of financial activity, such as an advertising budget, a sales budget, or a capital budget.
A plan expressed in monetary terms covering a future period of time and based on a defined
a financial plan for the future based on a single level
A set of interlinked plans that quantitatively describe a company’s projected
The annual period over which budgets are prepared.
The amount by which government spending exceeds government revenues.
The excess of government spending over tax receipts.
a detailed set of documents that provides information
an intentional underestimation of revenues
the difference between total actual overhead
The process of ensuring that actual financial results are in line with targets – see variance
a planned expenditure
the process of formalizing plans and committing
A firm's set of planned capital expenditures.
management’s plan for investments in longterm
List of planned investment projects.
The process of choosing the firm's long-term capital assets.
Refers generally to analysis procedures for ranking
The process of ranking and selecting investment alternatives and
a process of evaluating an entity’s proposed
The series of steps one follows when justifying the decision to purchase
capital budgeting decision
Decision as to which real assets the firm should acquire.
A forecasted summary of a firm's expected cash inflows and cash outflows as well as its
Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA)
A federal Act
a process in which there is a rolling
Life insurance or annuity product in which the cash value and benefit level fluctuate according to the performance of an equity portfolio.
a plan that aggregates monetary details
A method of budgetary control that flexes, i.e. adjusts the original budget by applying standard
a presentation of multiple budgets that
a budget developed by top management
A budget that takes the previous year as a base and adds (or deducts) a percentage to arrive at
the comprehensive set of all budgetary schedules
a budget expressed in both units and dollars
a budget that has been developed
Planning, programming and budgeting system (PPBS)
A method of budgeting in which budgets are allocated to projects or programmes rather than to responsibility centres.
an approach to budgeting that relates
see continuous budgeting
A method of budgeting in which as each month passes, an additional budget month is added such that there is always a 12-month budget.
A variety of approaches that emphasize increasing shareholder value as the primary goal of every business.
a comprehensive budgeting process
A method of budgeting that ignores historical budgetary allocations and identifies the costs that are necessary to implement agreed strategies.
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