|Accounting rate of return (ARR)|
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Definition of Accounting rate of return (ARR)
Accounting rate of return (ARR)
A method of investment appraisal that measures
accounting rate of return (ARR)
the rate of earnings obtained on the average capital investment over the life of a capital project; computed as average annual profits divided by average investment; not based on cash flow
Part of the return that is not due to systematic influences (market wide influences). In
Goods may be returned to the seller by the purchaser without restrictions.
Schedule of depreciation rates allowed for tax purposes.
Any depreciation method that produces larger deductions for depreciation in the
(1) The estimated useful life of the fixed asset being depreciated is
Any of several methods that recognize an increased amount
A collection of systems and processes used to record, report and interpret business transactions.
A broad, all-inclusive term that refers to the methods and procedures
Administrative proceedings or litigation releases that entail an accounting or auditing-related violation of the securities laws.
An alteration in the accounting methodology or estimates used in
Earnings of a firm as reported on its income statement.
A business for which a separate set of accounting records is being
The representation of the double-entry system of accounting such that assets are equal to liabilities plus capital.
The formula Assets = Liabilities + Equity.
An equation that reflects the two-sided nature of a
Unintentional mistakes in financial statements. Accounted for by restating
The change in the value of a firm's foreign currency denominated accounts due to a
Total liabilities exceed total assets. A firm with a negative net worth is insolvent on
Intentional misstatements or omissions of amounts or disclosures in
The ease and quickness with which assets can be converted to cash.
The period of time for which financial statements are produced – see also financial year.
The principles, bases, conventions, rules and procedures adopted by management in preparing and presenting financial statements.
A set of accounts that summarize the transactions of a business that have been recorded on source documents.
The recording of revenue when earned and expenses when
Well, frankly, accrual is not a good descriptive
A method of accounting in which profit is calculated as the difference between income when it is earned and expenses when they are incurred.
Active portfolio strategy
A strategy that uses available information and forecasting techniques to seek a
Adjustable rate preferred stock (ARPS)
Publicly traded issues that may be collateralized by mortgages and MBSs.
After-tax real rate of return
Money after-tax rate of return minus the inflation rate.
A forceful and intentional choice and application of accounting principles
All equity rate
The discount rate that reflects only the business risks of a project and abstracts from the
Amortizing interest rate swap
Swap in which the principal or national amount rises (falls) as interest rates
Annual percentage rate (APR)
The periodic rate times the number of periods in a year. For example, a 5%
annual percentage rate (APR)
Interest rate that is annualized using simple interest.
The fund return, for any 12-month period, including changes in unit value and the reinvestment of distributions, but not taking into account sales, redemption, distribution or other optional charges or income taxes payable by any unitholder that would reduce returns.
Annualized holding period return
The annual rate of return that when compounded t times, would have
Annuity in arrears
An annuity with a first payment on full period hence, rather than immediately.
Arithmetic average (mean) rate of return
Arithmetic mean return.
Arithmetic mean return
An average of the subperiod returns, calculated by summing the subperiod returns
Auction rate preferred stock (ARPS)
Floating rate preferred stock, the dividend on which is adjusted every
Average accounting return
The average project earnings after taxes and depreciation divided by the average
Average rate of return (ARR)
The ratio of the average cash inflow to the amount invested.
Average tax rate
Taxes as a fraction of income; total taxes divided by total taxable income.
average tax rate
Total taxes owed divided by total income.
A strategy in which the maturities of the securities included in the portfolio are concentrated
BARRA's performance analysis (PERFAN)
A method developed by BarrA, a consulting firm in
Contracts with trigger points that, when crossed, automatically generate buying or selling of
Base interest rate
Related: Benchmark interest rate.
Basic business strategies
Key strategies a firm intends to pursue in carrying out its business plan.
Benchmark interest rate
Also called the base interest rate, it is the minimum interest rate investors will
Blue Ribbon Committee on Improving the Effectiveness of Corporate Audit Committees
A committee formed in response to SEC chairman Arthur Levitt's initiative to improve the financial
book rate of return
accounting income divided by book value.
Book yield is the investment income earned in a year on a portfolio of assets purchased over a number of years and at different interest rates, divided by the book value of those assets.
Break-even payment rate
The prepayment rate of a MBS coupon that will produce the same CFY as that of
Break-even tax rate
The tax rate at which a party to a prospective transaction is indifferent between entering
Broker loan rate
Related: Call money rate.
A strategy in which a portfolio is constructed so that the maturities of its securities are highly
A passive investment strategy with no active buying and selling of stocks from the
Call money rate
Also called the broker loan rate , the interest rate that banks charge brokers to finance
A discount rate used to find the present value of a series of future cash receipts. Sometimes called discount rate.
Costs that increase with increases in the level of investment in current assets.
Related:net financing cost.
the total variable cost of carrying one unit of
The cost of holding inventory, which can include insurance,
Costs of maintaining current assets, including opportunity cost of capital.
CARs (cumulative abnormal returns)
a measure used in academic finance articles to measure the excess returns an investor would have received over a particular time period if he or she were invested in a particular stock.
A method of accounting in which profit is calculated as the difference between income
Cash and carry
Purchase of a security and simultaneous sale of a future, with the balance being financed
cash burn rate
A relatively recent term that refers to how fast a business
Change in Accounting Estimate
A change in accounting that occurs as the result of new information
Change in Accounting Estimate
A change in the implementation of an existing accounting
Change in Accounting Principle
A change from one generally accepted accounting principle to another generally accepted accounting principle—for example, a change from capitalizing expenditures
A strategy in which a put and with the same strike price and expiration are either both
a foundation for the compensation plan that addresses the role compensation should play in the organization
computer integrated manufacturing (CIM)
the integration of two or more flexible manufacturing systems through the use of a host computer and an information networking system
an organizational strategy in which company management decides to confront, rather than avoid, competition; an organizational strategy in which company management still attempts to differentiate company
A firm engaged in two or more unrelated businesses.
A merger involving two or more firms that are in unrelated businesses.
Constant dollar accounting
A method for restating financial statements by reducing or
Method of accounting for sales or service agreements where completion
The percentage tax charged by a state to an employer to
The acquisition of one firm by anther firm.
Debt obligations issued by corporations.
A legal document creating a corporation.
One of the three areas of the discipline of finance. It deals with the operation of the firm
Corporate financial management
The application of financial principals within a corporation to create and
Corporate financial planning
Financial planning conducted by a firm that encompasses preparation of both
Corporate processing float
The time that elapses between receipt of payment from a customer and the
Corporate tax view
The argument that double (corporate and individual) taxation of equity returns makes
Corporate taxable equivalent
rate of return required on a par bond to produce the same after-tax yield to
a discipline that focuses on techniques or
Cost Accounting Standards Board (CASB)
a body established by Congress in 1970 to promulgate cost accounting
Cost company arrangement
arrangement whereby the shareholders of a project receive output free of
cost leadership strategy
a plan to achieve the position in a
Cost of carry
Related: Net financing cost
In bonds, notes or other fixed income securities, the stated percentage rate of interest, usually
The rate of interest paid on a debt security. Generally stated on an
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