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Definition of Current asset
Typically the cash, accounts receivable, and inventory accounts on the
Value of cash, accounts receivable, inventories, marketable securities and other assets that
Cash, things that will be converted into cash within a year (such as accounts receivable), and inventory.
Amounts receivable by the business within a period of 12 months, including bank, debtors, inventory and prepayments.
current refers to cash and those assets that will be turned
Cash and other company assets that can be readily turned into cash within one year.
Value of non-cash assets, including prepaid expenses and accounts receivable, due
A current asset on the balance sheet, representing short-term
Also called the quick ratio, the ratio of current assets minus inventories, accruals, and prepaid
A ratio that shows how well a company could pay its current debts using only its most liquid or “quick” assets. It’s a more pessimistic—but also realistic—measure of safety than the current ratio, because it ignores sluggish, hard-toliquidate current assets like inventory and notes receivable. Here’s the formula:
Costs that increase with increases in the level of investment in current assets.
Costs of maintaining current assets, including opportunity cost of capital.
current time to maturity on an outstanding debt instrument.
Indicator of short-term debt paying ability. Determined by dividing current assets by current
A ratio that shows how many times a company could pay its current debts if it used its current assets to pay them. The formula:
Calculated to assess the short-term solvency, or debt-paying
A measure of the ability of a company to use its current assets to
current assets divided by current liabilities. This ratio indicates the extent to which the claims of short-term creditors are covered by assets expected to be converted to cash in the near future.
A method of preparing the operating section of the Statement of Cash Flows that does not use the company’s actual cash inflows and cash outflows, but instead arrives at the net cash flow by taking net income and adjusting it for noncash expenses and the changes from last year in the current assets and current liabilities.
A demand for additional funds because of adverse price movement. Maintenance margin
An easily traded investment, such as treasury bills, which is
Net working capital
current assets minus current liabilities. Often simply referred to as working capital.
net working capital
current assets minus current liabilities.
Notes receivable are promissory notes that the company has accepted from its debtors. Most promissory notes pay interest. Those that are due within a year are shown under “current assets.” Those that mature in more than a year would be listed under “Long-term assets.” If a note is being
Any asset that can be converted into cash on short notice. This is a subset
current assets minus inventories.
Indicator of a company's financial strength (or weakness). Calculated by taking current assets
A measure of how easily a company can use its most liquid current
Loan to finance current assets, The sale of the current assets provides the cash to repay
Costs that fall with increases in the level of investment in current assets.
Costs incurred from shortages in current assets.
Defined as the difference in current assets and current liabilities (excluding short-term
current assets less current liabilities. Money that revolves in the business as part of the process of buying, making and selling goods and services, particularly in relation to debtors, creditors, inventory and bank.
total current assets minus total current liabilities
The amount of a company’s current assets minus its current liabilities;
current assets minus current liabilities
Funds invested in a company's cash, accounts receivable and inventory. Net working capital is current assets minus current liabilities.
Working capital management
The management of current assets and current liabilities to maximize shortterm liquidity.
Acquisition of assets
A merger or consolidation in which an acquirer purchases the selling firm's assets.
Any possession that has value in an exchange.
A resource, recorded through a transaction, that is expected to yield a benefit to a
Something that is owned; a financial claim or a piece of property that is a store of value.
Probable future economic benefit that is obtained or controlled by an entity as a result of
Anything owned by, or owed to, an individual or business which has commercial or exchange value (e.g., cash, property, etc.).
All things of value owned by an individual or organization.
Asset activity ratios
Ratios that measure how effectively the firm is managing its assets.
Asset allocation decision
The decision regarding how an institution's funds should be distributed among the
Bond or note secured by assets of company.
A security that is collateralized by loans, leases, receivables, or installment contracts
Methods of financing in which lenders and equity investors look principally to the
Loans granted usually by a financial institution where the asset being financed constitutes the sole security given to the lender.
Categories of assets, such as stocks, bonds, real estate and foreign securities.
Extent to which a company's net assets cover a particular debt obligation, class of preferred stock, or equity position.
A bond indenture restriction that permits additional borrowing on if the ratio of assets to
The ratio of total assets to stockholder equity.
Asset for asset swap
Creditors exchange the debt of one defaulting borrower for the debt of another
Also called surplus management, the task of managing funds of a financial
The weighting of assets in an investment portfolio among different asset classes (e.g. shares, bonds, property, cash, overseas investments.
Asset pricing model
A model for determining the required rate of return on an asset.
Asset pricing model
A model, such as the Capital asset Pricing Model (CAPM), that determines the required
The amount of total risk that can be eliminated by diversification by
A firm's investing in assets that are riskier than those that the debtholders expected.
Asset substitution problem
Arises when the stockholders substitute riskier assets for the firm's existing
An interest rate swap used to alter the cash flow characteristics of an institution's assets so as to
The ratio of net sales to total assets.
a ratio measuring asset productivity and showing the number of sales dollars generated by each dollar of assets
asset turnover ratio
A broad-gauge ratio computed by dividing annual
A firm's productive resources.
Anything of value that a company owns.
Things that the business owns.
Items owned by the company or expenses that have been paid for but have not been used up.
A common element of a financial plan that describes projected capital spending and the
an asset used to generate revenues or cost savings
A fixed asset, something that is expected to have long-term usage within
Capital asset pricing model (CAPM)
An economic theory that describes the relationship between risk and
Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)
A model for estimating equilibrium rates of return and values of
capital asset pricing model (CAPM)
Theory of the relationship between risk and return which states that the expected risk
Capitalized Cost An expenditure or accrual that is reported as an asset to be amortized against
see simultaneous engineering
An offset to an asset account that reduces the balance of the asset account.
Net flow of goods, services, and unilateral transactions (gifts) between countries.
That part of the balance of payments accounts that records demands for and supplies of a currency arising from activities that affect current income, namely imports, exports, investment income payments such as interest and dividends, and transfers such as gifts, pensions, and foreign aid.
Under target costing concepts, this is the cost that would be applied to a
A bond selling at or close to par, that is, a bond with a coupon close to the yields currently
Related: Benchmark issues
A variable like GDP is measured in current dollars if each year's value is measured in prices prevailing during that year. In contrast, when measured in real or constant dollars, each year's value is measured in a base year's prices.
Current Income Tax Expense
That portion of the total income tax provision that is based on
In Treasury securities, the most recently auctioned issue. Trading is more active in current
Amount owed for salaries, interest, accounts payable and other debts due within 1 year.
Bills a company must pay within the next twelve months.
Amounts due and payable by the business within a period of 12 months, e.g. bank overdraft, creditors and accruals.
current means that these liabilities require payment in
Debts or other obligations coming due within a year.
This is typically the accounts payable, short-term notes payable, and
Current rate method
Under this currency translation method, all foreign currency balance-sheet and income
Current Tax Payment Act of 1943
A federal Act requiring employers to withhold income taxes from employee pay.
For bonds or notes, the coupon rate divided by the market price of the bond.
Annual coupon payments divided by bond price.
The percentage return on a financial asset based on the current price of the asset, without reference to any expected change in the price of the asset. This contrasts with yield-to-maturity, for which the calculation includes expected price changes. See also yield.
Deferred Tax Asset
Future tax benefit that results from (1) the origination of a temporary difference
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