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Definition of Supply
An amount made available for sale, always associated with a given price.
Total quantity of goods and services supplied.
Combinations of price level and income for which the labor market is in equilibrium. The short-run aggregate supply curve incorporates information and price/wage inflexibilities in the labor market, whereas the long-run aggregate supply curve does not.
A situation in which supply exceeds demand.
The amount of securities believed to be available for immediate purchase, that is, in the
M1-A: Currency plus demand deposits
As used in connection with project financing, an agreement to furnish a
Money supply expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing the money supply by a price index.
the cooperative strategic planning,
n event that influences production capacity and costs in an economy.
View that incentives to work, save, and invest play an important role in determining economic activity by affecting the supply side of the economy.
New muni bond issues scheduled to come to market within the next 30 days.
A line representing equilibrium in the goods and services market, on a diagram with aggregate demand on the vertical axis and aggregate supply on the horizontal axis.
A monetary policy of matching wage and price increases with money supply increases so that the real money supply does not fall and push the economy into recession.
Very early orders for materials before the completion
Balance of Payments
The difference between the demand for and supply of a country's currency on the foreign exchange market.
Corner A Market
To purchase enough of the available supply of a commodity or stock in order to
The process whereby the banking system transforms a dollar of reserves into several dollars of money supply.
The absence of equilibrium. Disequilibrium implies excess demand or excess supply and pressure for change.
A position in which there is no pressure for change, where demand and supply are equal.
A situation in which demand exceeds supply.
Federal credit agencies
Agencies of the federal government set up to supply credit to various classes of
Flexible Exchange Rate
An exchange rate whose value is determined by the forces of supply and demand on the foreign exchange market.
Whatever measure of the money supply is chosen for application of the monetarist rule will soon begin to misbehave.
A policy of decreasing the rate of growth of the money supply gradually over an extended period of time, so that inflation can adjust with smaller unemployment cost. Contrast with cold-turkey policy.
Total demand for loans by borrowers equals total supply of loans from lenders. The market,
The system whereby using prices, the interaction of supply and demand allocates inputs and distributes outputs.
Market segmentation theory or preferred habitat theory
A biased expectations theory that asserts that the
School of economic thought stressing the importance of the money supply in the economy. Adherents believe that the economy is inherently stable, so that policy is best undertaken through adoption of a policy rule.
Proposal that the money supply be increased at a steady rate equal approximately to the real rate of growth of the economy. Contrast with discretionary policy.
Any measure of the economy's money supply.
Actions taken by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to influence the
Actions taken by the central bank to change the supply of money and the interest rate and thereby affect economic activity.
Change in the money supply per change in the money base.
Neutrality of Money
The doctrine that the money supply affects only the price level, with no long-run impact on real variables.
Purchase or sale of government securities by the monetary authorities to increase or
Preferred habitat theory
A biased expectations theory that believes the term structure reflects the
A firm that reacts to excess supply or excess demand by adjusting price rather than quantity. Contrast with quantity adjuster.
Ease with which prices adjust in response to excess supply or demand.
A firm that reacts to excess supply or excess demand by adjusting quantity rather than price. Contrast with price adjuster.
Quantity Theory of Money
Theory that velocity is constant, and so a change in money supply will change nominal income by the same percentage. Formalized by the equation Mv = PQ.
Belief that supply creates its own demand.
A situation in which a lack of supply tends to force prices upward.
The value of research services that brokerage houses supply to investment managers "free of
Central bank action offsetting money supply changes automatically generated by a balance of payments surplus or deficit under a fixed exchange rate system.
Units of ownership, also called shares, in a public corporation. Owners of such units, called shareholders, share in the earnings of the company through dividends. The price of a stock is determined by supply and demand in the stock market.
an agreement between two or more firms
Also called chartists or technicians, analysts who use mechanical rules to detect changes
Technical condition of a market
Demand and supply factors affecting price, in particular the net position,
The channels by which a change in the demand or supply of money affects aggregate demand for goods and services.
A check issued by a bank to make a payment. Treasurer's checks outstanding are counted
A system in which parts are reordered when their supply in one
The number of times during a year that the money supply turns over in supporting that year's economic activity, measured as the ratio of nominal income to the money supply.
Ease with which wages adjust in response to excess supply or demand.
Zero curve, zero-coupon yield curve
A yield curve for zero-coupon bonds;
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