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Definition of Stagflation
Simultaneous existence of high inflation and high unemployment, or simultaneous existence of rising inflation and r sing unemployment.
The entries that transfer the balances in the revenue, expense, and dividend accounts to Retained earnings and zero out the revenue, expense, and dividend accounts for the next period.
A transaction in which the purchaser's intention is to reduce or eliminate a short position in
Also known as the range. The high and low prices, or bids and offers, recorded during the
A transaction in which the seller's intention is to reduce or eliminate a long position in a stock,
The time that elapses between receipt of payment from a customer and the
inflation whose initial cause is cost increases rather than excess demand. See also demand-pull inflation.
unemployment that increases when the economy enters a recession and decreases when the economy enters a boom.
inflation whose initial cause is excess demand rather than cost increases. See also cost-push inflation.
Advertising designed to elicit sales to customers who can be
A reduction in the rate of inflation.
The act buying or selling the underlying asset via the option contract.
A federal Act requiring employers to pay a tax on the wages paid to their employees, which is then used to create a
unemployment associated with people changing jobs or quitting to search for new jobs.
A contract that obligates a purchaser of a project's output to make cash
Refunding of a high-coupon bond with a new, lower coupon bond.
A financial chart usually used to plot the high, low,
a technique used to determine the fixed
See money base.
The highest (intraday) price of a stock over the past 52 weeks, adjusted for any stock splits.
High-Risk Small Business
Firm viewed as being particularly subject to risk from an investors perspective.
Highly leveraged transaction (HLT)
Bank loan to a highly leveraged firm.
A new house on which construction has just begun.
Extremely high inflation.
In-house processing float
Refers to the time it takes the receiver of a check to process the payment and
The rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising.
Rate at which prices as a whole are increasing.
A sustained increase in the general price level. The inflation rate is the percentage rate of change in the price level.
A clause in a contract providing for increases or decreases in inflation based on
Also called purchasing-power risk, the risk that changes in the real return the investor will
The loss in purchasing power due to inflation eroding the real value of financial assets such as cash.
The fact that future inflation rates are not known. It is a possible contributing factor to
Institutionally Induced Unemployment
unemployment due to institutional phenomena such as the degree of labor force unionization, the level of discrimination, and government policies such as unemployment insurance programs, minimum wages, or regulations on business.
Contract granting use of real estate, equipment, or other fixed assets for a specified time in exchange for payment, usually in the form of rent. The owner of the leased property is called the lessor, the user the lessee.
Manufactured housing securities (MHSs)
Loans on manufactured homes - that is, factory-built or
Natural Rate of Unemployment (NRU)
The level of unemployment characterizing the economy in long-run equilibrium, determined by the levels of frictional, structural, and institutionally induced unemployment. At this rate of unemployment, inflation should be constant, so it is sometimes called the nonaccelerating inflation rate of unemployment, or NAIRU.
Net advantage to leasing
The net present value of entering into a lease financing arrangement rather than
the actual time consumed performing the
the quoted price of inventory minus any
Purchasing power parity
The notion that the ratio between domestic and foreign price levels should equal
Purchasing Power Parity
Theory that says that over the long run exchange rate changes offset any difference between foreign and domestic inflation. This result assumes that the real exchange rate remains constant, something that is not true even in the long run.
purchasing power parity (PPP)
Theory that the cost of living in different countries is equal, and exchange rates adjust to offset inflation differentials across countries.
Related: inflation risk
Relative purchasing power parity (RPPP)
Idea that the rate of change in the price level of commodities in
An entry that is made at the beginning of the current period so that the systems and procedures do not have to be altered to allow for previously accrued items.
Entering the opposite side of a currently held futures position to close out the position.
SIMEX (Singapore International Monetary Exchange)
A leading futures and options exchange in singapore.
an integrated approach in which
Single country fund
A mutual fund that invests in individual countries outside the United States.
Single factor model
A model of security returns that acknowledges only one common factor.
Single index model
A model of stock returns that decomposes influences on returns into a systematic factor,
Related: market model
Single-level bill of material
A list of all components used in a parent item.
A bond that will make only one payment of principal and interest.
Single-premium deferred annuity
An insurance policy bought by the sponsor of a pension plan for a single
Using a single supplier as the only source of a part.
The purchase of material for direct delivery to the production
unemployment due to a mismatch between the skills or location of labor and the skills or location required by firms.
A program in which workers and firms pay contributions and workers collect benefits if they become unemployed.
The ratio of the number of people classified as unemployed to the total labor force.
Fraction of the labor force that is not employed.
The interim holding period from the time of the closing of a loan to its subsequent marketing to
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