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Definition of Risk-free rate
The rate earned on a riskless asset.
The rate of return on an investment with known future benefits; a
The rate of return obtainable on government of Canada treasury bills.
The return expected on a risky asset based on a probability distribution for the possible rates
Schedule of depreciation rates allowed for tax purposes.
Any depreciation method that produces larger deductions for depreciation in the
(1) The estimated useful life of the fixed asset being depreciated is
Any of several methods that recognize an increased amount
A method of investment appraisal that measures
the rate of earnings obtained on the average capital investment over the life of a capital project; computed as average annual profits divided by average investment; not based on cash flow
A strategy that uses available information and forecasting techniques to seek a
Publicly traded issues that may be collateralized by mortgages and MBSs.
Money after-tax rate of return minus the inflation rate.
The discount rate that reflects only the business risks of a project and abstracts from the
Swap in which the principal or national amount rises (falls) as interest rates
The periodic rate times the number of periods in a year. For example, a 5%
Interest rate that is annualized using simple interest.
Yield curve option-pricing models.
Arithmetic average (mean) rate of return
Arithmetic mean return.
The amount of total risk that can be eliminated by diversification by
Auction rate preferred stock (ARPS)
Floating rate preferred stock, the dividend on which is adjusted every
Average rate of return (ARR)
The ratio of the average cash inflow to the amount invested.
Average tax rate
Taxes as a fraction of income; total taxes divided by total taxable income.
average tax rate
Total taxes owed divided by total income.
The risk that a firm will be unable to meet its debt obligations. Also referred to as default or insolvency risk.
A strategy in which the maturities of the securities included in the portfolio are concentrated
Base interest rate
Related: Benchmark interest rate.
Basic business strategies
Key strategies a firm intends to pursue in carrying out its business plan.
The uncertainty about the basis at the time a hedge may be lifted. Hedging substitutes basis risk for
Benchmark interest rate
Also called the base interest rate, it is the minimum interest rate investors will
risk of a firm measured from the standpoint of an investor who holds a highly diversified portfolio.
Blue Ribbon Committee on Improving the Effectiveness of Corporate Audit Committees
A committee formed in response to SEC chairman Arthur Levitt's initiative to improve the financial
book rate of return
Accounting income divided by book value.
Break-even payment rate
The prepayment rate of a MBS coupon that will produce the same CFY as that of
Break-even tax rate
The tax rate at which a party to a prospective transaction is indifferent between entering
Broker loan rate
Related: Call money rate.
A strategy in which a portfolio is constructed so that the maturities of its securities are highly
The risk that the cash flow of an issuer will be impaired because of adverse economic
A passive investment strategy with no active buying and selling of stocks from the
Call money rate
Also called the broker loan rate , the interest rate that banks charge brokers to finance
The combination of cash flow uncertainty and reinvestment risk introduced by a call provision.
A discount rate used to find the present value of a series of future cash receipts. Sometimes called discount rate.
cash burn rate
A relatively recent term that refers to how fast a business
A strategy in which a put and with the same strike price and expiration are either both
The risk that a foreign debtor will be unable to pay its debts because of business events,
Related: Unsystematic risk
See asset-specific risk
a foundation for the compensation plan that addresses the role compensation should play in the organization
The risk that a project will not be brought into operation successfully.
computer integrated manufacturing (CIM)
the integration of two or more flexible manufacturing systems through the use of a host computer and an information networking system
an organizational strategy in which company management decides to confront, rather than avoid, competition; an organizational strategy in which company management still attempts to differentiate company
A firm engaged in two or more unrelated businesses.
A merger involving two or more firms that are in unrelated businesses.
The percentage tax charged by a state to an employer to
The acquisition of one firm by anther firm.
Debt obligations issued by corporations.
A legal document creating a corporation.
One of the three areas of the discipline of finance. It deals with the operation of the firm
Corporate financial management
The application of financial principals within a corporation to create and
Corporate financial planning
Financial planning conducted by a firm that encompasses preparation of both
Corporate processing float
The time that elapses between receipt of payment from a customer and the
Corporate tax view
The argument that double (corporate and individual) taxation of equity returns makes
Corporate taxable equivalent
rate of return required on a par bond to produce the same after-tax yield to
cost leadership strategy
a plan to achieve the position in a
The risk that the other party to an agreement will default. In an options contract, the risk
Country financial risk
The ability of the national economy to generate enough foreign exchange to meet
Country risk General
Level of political and economic uncertainty in a country affecting the value of loans or
In bonds, notes or other fixed income securities, the stated percentage rate of interest, usually
The rate of interest paid on a debt security. Generally stated on an
The nominal interest rate that the issuer promises to pay the
Annual interest payment as a percentage of face value.
Covered call writing strategy
A strategy that involves writing a call option on securities that the investor
Covered or hedge option strategies
Strategies that involve a position in an option as well as a position in the
The risk that an issuer of debt securities or a borrower may default on his obligations, or that the
Financial and moral risk that an obligation will not be paid and a loss will result.
The interest rate offered on an investment type insurance policy.
Refers to the volatility of returns on international investments caused by events associated
The exchange rate between two currencies expressed as the ratio of two foreign exchange rates
The return at which two alternative projects have the same net present value.
Related: Exchange rate risk
Currency risk sharing
An agreement by the parties to a transaction to share the currency risk associated with
Current rate method
Under this currency translation method, all foreign currency balance-sheet and income
Refers to multi-period cash flow matching.
Also referred to as credit risk (as gauged by commercial rating companies), the risk that an
a technique for avoiding competition by distinguishing a product or service from that of competitors through adding sufficient value (including quality and/or features) that customers are willing to pay
the rate of return on investment that would be required by a prudent investor to invest in an asset with a specific level risk. Also, a rate of return used to convert a monetary sum, payable or receivable in the future, into present value.
The interest rate that the Federal Reserve charges a bank to borrow funds when a bank is
The rate of interest used to calculate the present value of a stream
the rate of return used to discount future cash
Interest rate used to compute present values of future cash flows.
The interest rate at which the Fed is prepared to loan reserves to commercial banks.
A rate of return used to convert a monetary sum, payable or receivable in the future, into present value.
Related: unsystematic risk.
The fixed or floating rate paid on preferred stock based on par value.
Dollar-weighted rate of return
Also called the internal rate of return, the interest rate that will make the
In project financing, the risk that the project's output will not be salable at a price that will
Effective annual interest rate
An annual measure of the time value of money that fully reflects the effects of
effective annual interest rate
Interest rate that is annualized using compound interest.
Effective Exchange Rate
The weighted average of several exchange rates, where the weights are determined by the extent of our trade done with each country.
Effective Interest Rate
The rate of interest actually earned on an investment. It is
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