|Real Actions (Earnings) Management|
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Definition of Real Actions (Earnings) Management
Real Actions (Earnings) Management
Involves operational steps and not simply acceleration
The use of various forms of gimmickry to distort a company's true financial performance in order to achieve a desired result.
A characterization used by the Securities and Exchange
earnings of a firm as reported on its income statement.
a discipline that focuses on the activities incurred during the production/performance process as the way to improve the value received
Net income adjusted to exclude selected nonrecurring and noncash items of reserve, gain, expense, and loss.
Money after-tax rate of return minus the inflation rate.
a method of allocating joint cost to joint products using a
Also called surplus management, the task of managing funds of a financial
This important ratio equals the net
Percentage of earnings relative to total assets; indication of how
A management style that de-emphasizes the significance of economic
Very short maturity bills that the Treasury occasionally sells because its cash
a professional designation in the area of management accounting that
The percentage of a given month's sales collected during the month of sale and each
A measure of earnings that includes only the results of the primary operating
Corporate financial management
The application of financial principals within a corporation to create and
cost management system (CMS)
a set of formal methods
Cost Plus Estimated Earnings in Excess of Billings
Revenue recognized to date under the percentage-of-completion method in excess of amounts billed. Also known as unbilled accounts
Demand Management Policy
Fiscal or monetary policy designed to influence aggregate demand for goods and services.
diluted earnings per share (EPS)
This measure of earnings per share
Net income for the company during the period.
In general, refers to a company's total sales less cost of sales and operating expenses, including interest and income tax.
earnings before interest and income tax (EBIT)
A measure of profit that
Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)
A financial measure defined as revenues less cost of goods sold
Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)
The operating profit before deducting interest and tax.
Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA)
The operating profit before deducting interest, tax, depreciation and amortization.
Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA)
An earningsbased measure that, for many, serves as a surrogate for cash flow. Actually consists of working
The active manipulation of earnings toward a predetermined target.
Earnings per Share
A measure of the earnings generated by a company on a per
Earnings per share (EPS)
EPS, as it is called, is a company's profit divided by its number of outstanding
earnings per share (EPS)
See basic earnings per share and diluted earnings per share.
Earnings per share of common stock
How much profit a company made on each share of common stock this year.
Earnings retention ratio
Positive or negative differences from the consensus forecast of earnings by institutions
The ratio of earnings per share after allowing for tax and interest payments on fixed interest
EBBS - Earnings before the bad stuff
An acronym attributed to a member of the Securities and
EBDDT - Earnings before depreciation and deferred taxes
This measure is used principally by
The real flow of cash that a firm could pay out forever in the absence of any change in
Exchange Rate, Real
The nominal exchange rate corrected for price level differences.
Fully diluted earnings per shares
earnings per share expressed as if all outstanding convertible securities
Publicly owned stock in a firm is replaced with complete equity ownership by a
Institute of Management Accountants (IMA)
an organization composed of individuals interested in the field of management accounting; it coordinates the Certified management
Interest Rate, Real
Nominal interest rate less expected inflation.
Low price-earnings ratio effect
The tendency of portfolios of stocks with a low price-earnings ratio to
management refers to the individuals in an entity that have the authority and the responsibility to manage the entity. The positions of these individuals, and their titles, vary from one entity to another and, to some extent, from one country to another depending on the local laws and customs. Thus, when the context requires it, the term includes the board of directors or committees of the board which are designated to oversee certain matters (e.g., audit committee).
The production of financial and non-financial information used in planning for the future; making decisions about products, services, prices and what costs to incur; and ensuring that plans are implemented and achieved.
a discipline that includes almost
Management Accounting Guidelines (MAGs)
pronouncements of the Society of management Accountants of
Management buyout (MBO)
Leveraged buyout whereby the acquiring group is led by the firm's management.
management buyout (MBO)
Acquisition of the firm by its own management in a leveraged buyout.
Management/closely held shares
Percentage of shares held by persons closely related to a company, as
This is difficult to define in a few words—indeed, an
management control system (MCS)
an information system that helps managers gather information about actual organizational occurrences, make comparisons against plans,
management expense ratio (MER)
The total expenses expressed as an annualized percentage of daily average net assets. MER does not include brokerage fees and commissions, which are also payable by the Fund.
An investment advisory fee charged by the financial advisor to a fund based on the fund's
The fee paid to the fund’s manager for supervising the administration of the fund.
management information system (MIS)
a structure of interrelated elements that collects, organizes, and communicates
the preference of a manager in how he/she interacts with other stakeholders in the organization;
Related: Investment management.
net income (also called the bottom line, earnings, net earnings, and net
Net Realizable Value
Selling price of an asset less expenses of bringing the asset into a saleable state and expenses of the sale.
net realizable value approach
a method of accounting for by-products or scrap that requires that the net realizable value of these products be treated as a reduction in the cost of the primary products; primary product cost may be reduced by decreasing either
net realizable value at split-off allocation
a method of allocating joint cost to joint products that uses, as the proration base, sales value at split-off minus all costs necessary
Net realizeable value
The expected revenue to be gained from the sale of an item or
a philosophy about increasing a firm’s performance by involving all workers and by ensuring
A term frequently used to describe earnings after the removal of the
Operational Earnings Management
management actions taken in the effort to create stable
Passive investment management
Buying a well-diversified portfolio to represent a broad-based market
performance management system
a system reflecting the entire package of decisions regarding performance measurement and evaluation
Related: Investment management
earnings before the effects of any earnings-management activities.
price-earnings (P/E) multiple (ratio)
Ratio of stock price to earnings per share.
Price / Earnings (P/E) Ratio
The ratio of price to earnings. Faster growing or less-risky firms typically have higher P/E ratios than either slower-growing or more risky firms.
Price/earnings ratio (PE ratio)
Shows the "multiple" of earnings at which a stock sells. Determined by dividing current
price/earnings ratio (price to earnings ratio, P/E ratio, PE ratio)
This key ratio equals the current market price
Price to Earnings Ratio (P/E, PE Ratio)
A measure of how much investors are willing to pay for each dollar
Reported net income with selected nonrecurring items of revenue or gain
Measured in base year, or constant, dollars. Contrast with nominal.
Identifiable assets, such as buildings, equipment, patents, and trademarks, as distinguished from a
Assets used to produce goods and services.
Real Business Cycle Theory
Belief that business cycles arise from real shocks to the economy, such as technology advances and natural resource discoveries, and have little to do with monetary policy.
Wealth that can be represented in financial terms, such as savings account balances, financial
Real cash flow
A cash flow is expressed in real terms if the current, or date 0, purchasing power of the cash
Real Exchange Rate
Exchange rate adjusted for relative price levels.
Real exchange rates
Exchange rates that have been adjusted for the inflation differential between two countries.
GDP expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing nominal GDP by a price index.
Income expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing nominal income by a price index.
Real interest rate
The rate of interest excluding the effect of inflation; that is, the rate that is earned in terms
Real Interest Rate
The rate of interest paid on an investment adjusted for inflation
real interest rate
Rate at which the purchasing power of an investment increases.
The bid and offer prices at which a dealer could do "size." Quotes in the brokers market may
real microprofit center
a center whose output has a market value
Real Money Supply
Money supply expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing the money supply by a price index.
Options embedded in real assets.
Real Rate of Interest
See interest rate, real.
A real time stock or bond quote is one that states a security's most recent offer to sell or bid (buy).
real value of $1
Purchasing power–adjusted value of a dollar.
Wage expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing the money wage by a price index.
Realizable Revenue A revenue transaction where assets received in exchange for goods and
services are readily convertible into known amounts of cash or claims to cash.
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