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Definition of Prepayments
Payments made in excess of scheduled mortgage principal repayments.
There is typically a lag of about three months between the time the weighted
Amounts receivable by the business within a period of 12 months, including bank, debtors, inventory and prepayments.
Also called a passthrough, a security created when one or more mortgage
The tendency of a pool of MBSs to reflect an especially high rate or prepayments the first time
The mortgage principal and interest payments due to be paid under the terms of the
A merger or consolidation in which an acquirer purchases the selling firm's assets.
A firm's productive resources.
Anything of value that a company owns.
Things that the business owns.
Items owned by the company or expenses that have been paid for but have not been used up.
A common element of a financial plan that describes projected capital spending and the
see simultaneous engineering
Net flow of goods, services, and unilateral transactions (gifts) between countries.
That part of the balance of payments accounts that records demands for and supplies of a currency arising from activities that affect current income, namely imports, exports, investment income payments such as interest and dividends, and transfers such as gifts, pensions, and foreign aid.
Typically the cash, accounts receivable, and inventory accounts on the
Under target costing concepts, this is the cost that would be applied to a
A bond selling at or close to par, that is, a bond with a coupon close to the yields currently
Related: Benchmark issues
A variable like GDP is measured in current dollars if each year's value is measured in prices prevailing during that year. In contrast, when measured in real or constant dollars, each year's value is measured in a base year's prices.
Current Income Tax Expense
That portion of the total income tax provision that is based on
In Treasury securities, the most recently auctioned issue. Trading is more active in current
Amount owed for salaries, interest, accounts payable and other debts due within 1 year.
Bills a company must pay within the next twelve months.
Amounts due and payable by the business within a period of 12 months, e.g. bank overdraft, creditors and accruals.
current means that these liabilities require payment in
Debts or other obligations coming due within a year.
This is typically the accounts payable, short-term notes payable, and
current time to maturity on an outstanding debt instrument.
Current rate method
Under this currency translation method, all foreign currency balance-sheet and income
Indicator of short-term debt paying ability. Determined by dividing current assets by current
A ratio that shows how many times a company could pay its current debts if it used its current assets to pay them. The formula:
Calculated to assess the short-term solvency, or debt-paying
A measure of the ability of a company to use its current assets to
current assets divided by current liabilities. This ratio indicates the extent to which the claims of short-term creditors are covered by assets expected to be converted to cash in the near future.
Current Tax Payment Act of 1943
A federal Act requiring employers to withhold income taxes from employee pay.
For bonds or notes, the coupon rate divided by the market price of the bond.
Annual coupon payments divided by bond price.
The percentage return on a financial asset based on the current price of the asset, without reference to any expected change in the price of the asset. This contrasts with yield-to-maturity, for which the calculation includes expected price changes. See also yield.
Advertising designed to elicit sales to customers who can be
Exchange of assets
Acquisition of another company by purchase of its assets in exchange for cash or stock.
Claims on real assets.
Claims to the income generated by real assets. Also called securities.
Things that the business owns and are part of the business infrastructure – fixed assets may be
An informal term that refers to the variety of long-term operating
Land, buildings, plant, equipment, and other assets acquired for carrying on the business of a company with a life exceeding one year. Normally expressed in financial accounts at cost, less accumulated depreciation.
Fixed Assets Turnover Ratio
A measure of the utilization of a company's fixed assets to
assets owned by the company that do not possess physical substance; they usually take the form of rights and privileges such as patents, copyrights, and franchises.
Intangible fixed assets
Non-physical assets, e.g. customer goodwill or intellectual property (patents and trademarks).
Payment of a financial obligation later than is expected or required, as in lead and lag. Also, the number
Value of property, equipment and other capital assets minus the depreciation. This is an
Longer-Term Fixed Assets
assets having a useful life greater than one year but the duration of the 'long term' will vary with the context in which the term is applied.
The difference between total assets on the one hand and current liabilities and noncapitalized longterm
net cost of normal spoilage
the cost of spoiled work less the estimated disposal value of that work
A tangible asset with unique physical properties, like a parcel of land, a mine, or a
spoilage that has been planned or foreseen; is a product cost
A cluster of accounts that are listed after fixed assets on the balance sheet,
Other current assets
Value of non-cash assets, including prepaid expenses and accounts receivable, due
assets, the title of which are held personally rather than in the name of some other legal entity.
Preferred Stock Stock that has a claim on assets and dividends of a corporation that are prior
to that of common stock. Preferred stock typically does not carry the right to vote.
Publicly traded assets
assets that can be traded in a public market, such as the stock market.
current assets minus inventories.
RATE OF RETURN ON TOTAL ASSETS
The percentage return or profit that management made on each dollar of assets. The formula is:
Identifiable assets, such as buildings, equipment, patents, and trademarks, as distinguished from a
assets used to produce goods and services.
Realizable Revenue A revenue transaction where assets received in exchange for goods and
services are readily convertible into known amounts of cash or claims to cash.
A tangible asset with physical properties that can be reproduced, such as a building or
assets that remain after sufficient assets are dedicated to meet all senior debtholder's claims in full.
Return on assets (ROA)
Indicator of profitability. Determined by dividing net income for the past 12 months
return on assets (ROA)
Although there is no single uniform practice for
Return on total assets
The ratio of earnings available to common stockholders to total assets.
Return on Total Assets Ratio
A measure of the percentage return earned on the value of the
Spoilage arising from the production process that exceeds the normal
The amount of spoilage that naturally arises as part of a production
Tangible fixed assets
Physical assets that can be seen and touched, e.g. buildings, machinery, vehicles, computers etc.
Total Debt to Total Assets Ratio
See debt ratio