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Definition of Overdraft
The amount by which a check or other payments exceeds the funds on deposits.
Money owed to the bank in a cheque account where payments exceed receipts.
Is an agreement with the Bank or Financial Institution to cover overdrafts. This service will typically involve a fee and be limited to a pre-set maximum amount.
System whereby a depositor may write cheques in excess of the balance, with the bank automatically extending a loan to cover the shortage.
Personal Overdraft Facility
A loan facility on a customers account at a financial institution allowing the customer to overdraw up to a certain agreed limit for an agreed period.
A short-term source of credit which allows you to overdraw on your account up to a pre-established limit. For example, overdraft protection spares customers both the cost and the personal embarrassment of NSF cheques. overdraft protection is attached to your PCF Chequing Account.
Amounts due and payable by the business within a period of 12 months, e.g. bank overdraft, creditors and accruals.
A form of organization commonly used by foreign banks to enter the U.S. market. An agency
BAN (Bank anticipation notes)
Notes issued by states and municipalities to obtain interim financing for
Bank collection float
The time that elapses between when a check is deposited into a bank account and when the funds are available to the depositor, during which period the bank is collecting payment from the payer's bank.
Bank discount basis
A convention used for quoting bids and offers for treasury bills in terms of annualized
A draft addressed to a bank.
Line of credit granted by a bank to a customer.
A computer message system linking major banks. It is used not for effecting payments, but as a
A short-term credit investment created by a non-financial firm and guaranteed by a
Bank for International Settlements (BIS)
An international bank headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, which
State of being unable to pay debts. Thus, the ownership of the firm's assets is transferred from
Bankruptcy cost view
The argument that expected indirect and direct bankruptcy costs offset the other
The risk that a firm will be unable to meet its debt obligations. Also referred to as default or insolvency risk.
The argument that expected bankruptcy costs preclude firms from being financed entirely
A feature of some callable bonds that establishes an initial period when the bonds may not be
Clearing House Interbank Payments System (CHIPS)
An international wire transfer system for high-value
A merchant banking subsidiary set up by several banks that may or may not be of the
Eligible bankers' acceptances
In the BA market, an acceptance may be referred to as eligible because it is
A bank that regularly accepts foreign currency denominated deposits and makes foreign currency loans.
Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im Bank)
The U.S. federal government agency that extends trade credits to U.S.
Federal Financing Bank
A federal institution that lends to a wide array of federal credit agencies funds it
Federal Home Loan Banks
The institutions that regulate and lend to savings and loan associations. The
Foreign banking market
That portion of domestic bank loans supplied to foreigners for use abroad.
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development - IBRD or World Bank
International bank for Reconstruction and Development makes loans at nearly conventional terms to countries for projects of high
International Banking Facility (IBF)
International banking Facility. A branch that an American bank
Financial intermediaries who perform a variety of services, including aiding in the sale of
A legal proceeding for liquidating or reorganizing a business.
A British term for a bank that specializes not in lending out its own funds, but in providing
Money center banks
banks that raise most of their funds from the domestic and international money markets, relying less on depositors for funds.
PIBOR (Paris Interbank Offer Rate)
The deposit rate on interbank transactions in the Eurocurrency market
A bankruptcy in which a debtor and its creditors pre-negotiate a plan or
Protecting domestic industry from import competition by means of tariffs, quotas, and other
Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications (SWIFT)
A dedicated computer network to support funds transfer messages internationally between over 900 member banks worldwide.
Wholesale mortgage banking
The purchasing of loans originated by others, with the servicing rights
A multilateral development finance agency created by the 1944 Bretton Woods, New
Money in a bank cheque account, the difference between receipts and payments.
The process of taking the balances from the bank statement and the general ledger and making adjustments so that they agree.
A comparison between the cash position recorded on a company’s
The reorganization or liquidation of a firm that cannot pay its debts.
System whereby customers make payments to a regional collection center which transfers funds to
A public agency responsible for regulating and controlling an economy's monetary and financial institutions. It is the sole money-issuing authority.
A privately owned, profit-seeking firm that accepts deposits and makes loans.
Federal Reserve Banks
The twelve district banks in the Federal Reserve System.
Fractional Reserve Banking
A banking system in which banks hold only a fraction of their outstanding deposits in cash or on deposit with the central bank.
Middleman between a corporation issuing new securities and the public. The middleman buys the securities issue outright and then resells it to customers. Also called an underwriter.
Policy of tariffs or import quotas to protect domestic producers from foreign competition.
The International bank for Reconstruction and Development, an international organization that provides long-term loans to developing countries to improve their infrastructure.
Consumer Credit Protection Act
A federal Act specifying the proportion of
Creditor Proof Protection
The creditor proof status of such things as life insurance, non-registered life insurance investments, life insurance RRSPs and life insurance RRIFs make these attractive products for high net worth individuals, professionals and business owners who may have creditor concerns. Under most circumstances the creditor proof rules of the different provincial insurance acts take priority over the federal bankruptcy rules.
A bill of exchange, or draft, drawn by the borrower for payment on a specified date, and accepted by a chartered bank. Upon acceptance, the bill becomes, in effect, a postdated certified cheque.
A financial institution that engages in investment banking functions, such as advising clients in mergers and acquisitions, underwriting securities and taking debt or equity positions.
ABM (automated banking machine)
A bank machine, sometimes referred to as an automated teller machine (ATM).
A guaranteed form of payment which is issued in amounts over $5,000.
Money market fund
A mutual fund that invests only in short term securities, such as bankers' acceptances,
Commonly sold in the form of reducing term life insurance by lending institutions, this is life insurance with a death benefit reducing to zero over a specific period of time, usually 20 to 25 years. In most instances, the cost of coverage remains level, while the death benefit continues to decline. Re-stated, the cost of this kind of insurance is actually increasing since less death benefit is paid as the outstanding mortgage balance decreases while the cost remains the same. Lending institutions are the most popular sources for this kind of coverage because it is usually sold during the purchase of a new mortgage. The untrained institution mortgage sales person often gives the impression that this is the only place mortgage insurance can be purchased but it is more efficiently purchased at a lower cost and with more flexibility, directly from traditional life insurance companies. No matter where it is purchased, the reducing term insurance death benefit reduces over a set period of years. Most consumers are up-sizing their residences, not down-sizing, so it is likely that more coverage is required as years pass, rather than less coverage.
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