Financial Terms
Locator file

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Definition of Locator file

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Locator file

A file identifying where inventory items are situated, by bin location.

Related Terms:

Random-location storage

The technique of storing incoming inventory in any
available location, which is then tracked in a locator file.

Item master file

A file containing all item-specific information about a component,
such as its weight, cubic volume, and unit of measure.

NPV profile

A graph of NPV as a function of the discount rate.


the systematic assignment of an amount to a recipient
set of categories annuity a series of equal cash flows (either positive or negative) per period


The process of storing costs in one account and shifting them to other
accounts, based on some relevant measure of activity.

Allocation base A measure of activity or volume such as labour

hours, machine hours or volume of production
used to apportion overheads to products and

approximated net realizable value at split-off allocation

a method of allocating joint cost to joint products using a
simulated net realizable value at the split-off point; approximated
value is computed as final sales price minus
incremental separate costs

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Asset allocation decision

The decision regarding how an institution's funds should be distributed among the
major classes of assets in which it may invest.

Automated storage/retrieval system

A racking system using automated systems
to load and unload the racks.

balancing item

Variable that adjusts to maintain the consistency
of a financial plan. Also called plug.

Capital allocation

decision Allocation of invested funds between risk-free assets versus the risky portfolio.

Cash-equivalent items

Temporary investments of currently excess cash in short-term, high-quality
investment media such as treasury bills and Banker's Acceptances.

Continuous random variable

A random value that can take any fractional value within specified ranges, as
contrasted with a discrete variable.

cost allocation

the assignment, using some reasonable basis,
of any indirect cost to one or more cost objects

Counterpart items

In the balance of payments, counterpart items are analogous to unrequited transfers in the
current account. They arise because the double-entry system in balance of payments accounting and refer to
adjustments in reserves owing to monetization or demonetization of gold, allocation or cancellation of SDRs,
and revaluation of the various components of total reserves.

Demand master notes

Short-term securities that are repayable immediately upon the holder's demand.

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Discrete random variable

A random variable that can take only a certain specified set of discrete possible
values - for example, the positive integers 1, 2, 3, . . .

Dynamic asset allocation

An asset allocation strategy in which the asset mix is mechanistically shifted in
response to -changing market conditions, as in a portfolio insurance strategy, for example.

Extraordinary item

A transaction that rarely occurs, and which is unusual, such as
expropriation of company property by a foreign government. It is reported as a separate
line item on the income statement.

Fixed-location storage

An inventory storage technique under which permanent
locations are assigned to at least some inventory items.

Item number

A number uniquely identifying a product or component.

Line item

Generic types of assets, liabilities, income or expense that are common to all businesses and
used as the basis of financial reporting, e.g. rent, salaries, advertising etc.

master budget

the comprehensive set of all budgetary schedules
and the pro forma financial statements of an organization

Master limited partnership (MLP)

A publicly traded limited partnership.

net realizable value at split-off allocation

a method of allocating joint cost to joint products that uses, as the proration base, sales value at split-off minus all costs necessary
to prepare and dispose of the products; it requires
that all joint products be salable at the split-off point

Nonrecurring Items

Revenues or gains and expenses or losses that are not expected to recur
on a regular basis. This term is often used interchangeably with special items.

Normal random variable

A random variable that has a normal probability distribution.

Overhead allocation

The process of spreading production overhead equitably over the volume of production of goods or services.

physical measurement allocation

a method of allocating a joint cost to products that uses a common physical characteristic as the proration base

Point-of-use storage

The storage of stock in a location in or near the shop floor
adjacent to its area of use.

Policy asset allocation

A long-term asset allocation method, in which the investor seeks to assess an
appropriate long-term "normal" asset mix that represents an ideal blend of controlled risk and enhanced

Primary location

A storage location labeled as the primary location for a specific
inventory item.

Random variable

A function that assigns a real number to each and every possible outcome of a random experiment.

Random walk

Theory that stock price changes from day to day are at random; the changes are independent
of each other and have the same probability distribution. Many believers of the random walk theory believe
that it is impossible to outperform the market consistently without taking additional risk.

random walk theory

Security prices change randomly, with no predictable trends or patterns.

Randomized strategy

A strategy of introducing into the decision-making process a random element that is
designed to reduce the information content of the decision-maker's observed choices.

sales value at split-off allocation

a method of assigning joint cost to joint products that uses the relative sales values of the products at the split-off point as the proration basis; use of this method requires that all joint products
are salable at the split-off point

Slow-moving item

An inventory item having a slower rate of turnover than the
average turnover for the entire inventory.

Special Items

Significant credits or charges resulting from transactions or events that, in the
view of management, are not representative of normal business activities of the period and that
affect comparability of earnings. This term is often used interchangeably with nonrecurring

Tactical Asset Allocation (TAA)

An asset allocation strategy that allows active departures from the normal
asset mix based upon rigorous objective measures of value. Often called active management. It involves
forecasting asset returns, volatilities and correlations. The forecasted variables may be functions of
fundamental variables, economic variables or even technical variables.







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