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Definition of Illustration
An illustration is a computer-generated spreadsheet that takes into account a number of assumptions in order to show how a specific policy might perform for a specific individual.
A monetary policy of matching wage and price increases with money supply increases so that the real money supply does not fall and push the economy into recession.
An explanation or report in financial terms about the transactions of an organization.
The sum of all the interest options in your policy, including interest.
The process of satisfying stakeholders in the organization that managers have acted in the best interests of the stakeholders, a result of the stewardship function of managers, which takes place through accounting.
A collection of systems and processes used to record, report and interpret business transactions.
A broad, all-inclusive term that refers to the methods and procedures
Administrative proceedings or litigation releases that entail an accounting or auditing-related violation of the securities laws.
An alteration in the accounting methodology or estimates used in
Earnings of a firm as reported on its income statement.
A business for which a separate set of accounting records is being
The representation of the double-entry system of accounting such that assets are equal to liabilities plus capital.
The formula Assets = Liabilities + Equity.
An equation that reflects the two-sided nature of a
Unintentional mistakes in financial statements. accounted for by restating
The change in the value of a firm's foreign currency denominated accounts due to a
Total liabilities exceed total assets. A firm with a negative net worth is insolvent on
Intentional misstatements or omissions of amounts or disclosures in
The ease and quickness with which assets can be converted to cash.
The period of time for which financial statements are produced – see also financial year.
The principles, bases, conventions, rules and procedures adopted by management in preparing and presenting financial statements.
Accounting rate of return (ARR)
A method of investment appraisal that measures
accounting rate of return (ARR)
the rate of earnings obtained on the average capital investment over the life of a capital project; computed as average annual profits divided by average investment; not based on cash flow
A set of accounts that summarize the transactions of a business that have been recorded on source documents.
‘Buckets’ within the ledger, part of the accounting system. Each account contains similar transactions (line items) that are used for the production of financial statements. Or commonly used as an abbreviation for financial statements.
Money owed to suppliers.
Amounts a company owes to creditors.
Amounts owed by the company for goods and services that have been received, but have not yet been paid for. Usually accounts payable involves the receipt of an invoice from the company providing the services or goods.
Short-term, non-interest-bearing liabilities of a business
Acurrent liability on the balance sheet, representing short-term obligations
Amounts due to vendors for purchases on open account, that is, not evidenced
Accounts Payable Days (A/P Days)
The number of days it would take to pay the ending balance
Money owed by customers.
Amounts owed to a company by customers that it sold to on credit. Total accounts receivable are usually reduced by an allowance for doubtful accounts.
Amounts owed to the company, generally for sales that it has made.
Short-term, non-interest-bearing debts owed to a
A current asset on the balance sheet, representing short-term
Amounts due from customers for sales on open account, not evidenced
Money owed to a business for merchandise or services sold on open account.
Accounts Receivable Days (A/R Days)
The number of days it would take to collect the ending
Accounts receivable turnover
The ratio of net credit sales to average accounts receivable, a measure of how
accounts receivable turnover ratio
A ratio computed by dividing annual
The recording of revenue when earned and expenses when
Well, frankly, accrual is not a good descriptive
A method of accounting in which profit is calculated as the difference between income when it is earned and expenses when they are incurred.
A forceful and intentional choice and application of accounting principles
Allowance for doubtful accounts
A contra account related to accounts receivable that represents the amounts that the company expects will not be collected.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
An estimate of the uncollectible portion of accounts receivable
The amount of total risk that can be eliminated by diversification by
Average accounting return
The average project earnings after taxes and depreciation divided by the average
Average age of accounts receivable
The weighted-average age of all of the firm's outstanding invoices.
Balance of Payments Accounts
A statement of a country's transactions with other countries.
BARRA's performance analysis (PERFAN)
A method developed by BARRA, a consulting firm in
A policy designed to increase an economy's prosperity at the expense of another country's prosperity.
Buy limit order
A conditional trading order that indicates a security may be purchased only at the designated
Net result of public and private international investment and lending activities.
That part of the balance of payments accounts that records demands for and supplies of a currency arising from purchases or sales of assets.
A method of accounting in which profit is calculated as the difference between income
Certified Management Accountant (CMA)
a professional designation in the area of management accounting that
Change in Accounting Estimate
A change in accounting that occurs as the result of new information
Change in Accounting Estimate
A change in the implementation of an existing accounting
Change in Accounting Principle
A change from one generally accepted accounting principle to another generally accepted accounting principle—for example, a change from capitalizing expenditures
Chart of accounts
A listing of all accounts used in the general ledger, usually sorted in
Decreasing inflation by immediately decreasing the money growth rate to a new, low rate. Contrast with gradualism.
Procedures followed by a firm in attempting to collect accounts receivables.
Procedures to collect and monitor receivables.
Committee, AIMR Performance Presentation Standards Implementation Committee
The Association for Investment Management and Research (AIMR)'s performance Presentation Standards Implementation
Related: Unsystematic risk
See asset-specific risk
computer-aided design (CAD)
a system using computer graphics for product designs
computer-aided manufacturing (CAM)
the use of computers to control production processes through numerically
computer integrated manufacturing (CIM)
the integration of two or more flexible manufacturing systems through the use of a host computer and an information networking system
A single centralized account into which funds collected at regional locations
Constant dollar accounting
A method for restating financial statements by reducing or
An offset to an asset account that reduces the balance of the asset account.
An account that reduces an equity account. An example is Treasury stock.
Method of accounting for sales or service agreements where completion
An account maintained in the general ledger that holds the balance without the detail. The detail is maintained in a subsidiary ledger.
a discipline that focuses on techniques or
Cost Accounting Standards Board (CASB)
a body established by Congress in 1970 to promulgate cost accounting
Creative Accounting Practices
Any and all steps used to play the financial numbers game, including
Creative Acquisition Accounting
The allocation to expense of a greater portion of the price
Standards set to determine the amount and nature of credit to extend to customers.
Refers to the volatility of returns on international investments caused by events associated
Cumulative Effect of a Change in Accounting Principle
The change in earnings of previous years
Cumulative Effect of Accounting Change
The change in earnings of previous years assuming
Cumulative Translation Adjustment (CTA) account
An entry in a translated balance sheet in which gains
Net flow of goods, services, and unilateral transactions (gifts) between countries.
That part of the balance of payments accounts that records demands for and supplies of a currency arising from activities that affect current income, namely imports, exports, investment income payments such as interest and dividends, and transfers such as gifts, pensions, and foreign aid.
An order to buy or sell stock that automatically expires if it can't be executed on the day it is entered.
A company’s stated goal for how soon a customer order will be
Demand Management Policy
Fiscal or monetary policy designed to influence aggregate demand for goods and services.
Discounting of Accounts Receivable
Short-term financing in which accounts receivable are used as collateral to secure a loan. The lender does not buy the accounts receivable but simply uses them as collateral for the loan. Also called pledging of accounts receivable.
Discrete order picking
A picking method requiring the sequential completion of
accounts over which an individual or organization, other than the person in whose
A policy that is a conscious, considered response to each situation as it arises. Contrast with policy rule.
An established guide for the firm to determine the amount of money it will pay as dividends.
This policy governs Canada Life's actions regarding distribution of dividends to policyholders. It's goal is to achieve a dividend distribution that is equitable and timely, and which gives full recognition of the need to ensure the ongoing solidity of the company. It also specifies that distribution to individual policyholders must be equitable between dividend classes and policyholder generations, and among policyholders within any class.
See accrual-basis accounting.
Economic environment in which the firm expects to reside over the life of the
economic order quantity
order size that minimizes total inventory costs.
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