|Government sponsored enterprises|
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Definition of Government sponsored enterprises
Government sponsored enterprises
Privately owned, publicly chartered entities, such as the Student Loan
See: government securities.
A wholly owned U.S. government corporation
Negotiable U.S. Treasury securities.
Venture capital corporations established by labour unions. They function as other venture capital corporations but are subject to government regulation.
A bond on which interest accrues, but is not paid to the investor during the time of accrual.
Variations of mortgage instruments such as adjustable-rate and variablerate
An international bank headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, which
bonds that are not registered on the books of the issuer. Such bonds are held in physical form by
bonds are debt and are issued for a period of more than one year. The U.S. government, local
A long-term, interest-bearing promissory note that companies may use to borrow money for periods of time such as five, ten, or twenty years.
A long-term debt instrument in which the issuer (borrower) is
Security that obligates the issuer to make specified payments
A financial asset taking the form of a promise by a borrower to repay a specified amount (the bond's face value) on a maturity date and to make fixed periodic interest payments.
Usually a fixed interest security under which the issuer contracts to pay the lender a fixed principal amount at a stated date in the future, and a series of interest payments, either semi-annually or annually. Interest payments may vary through the life of bond.
A debt security issued by a government or company. You receive regular interest payments at specified rates while you hold the bond and you receive the face value when it matures. Short-term bonds mature in less than five years; medium-term bonds mature in six to ten years; and long-term bonds mature in eleven years or greater.
Fixed interest security issued by a corporation or government, having a specific maturity date.
A contract for privately placed debt.
A contractual provision in a bond indenture. A positive covenant requires certain actions, and
The method used for computing the bond-equivalent yield.
Bond equivalent yield
bond yield calculated on an annual percentage rate method. Differs from annual
The annualized yield to maturity computed by doubling the semiannual yield.
Bond Equivalent Yield
bond yield calculated on an annual percentage rate method
The contract that sets forth the promises of a corporate bond issuer and the rights of
Designing a portfolio so that its performance will match the performance of some bond index.
A conventional unit of measure for bond prices set at $10 and equivalent to 1% of the $100 face
With respect to convertible bonds, the value the security would have if it were not convertible
A system that monitors and evaluates the performance of a fixed-income portfolio , as well as the
Amounts owed by the company that have been formalized by a legal document called a bond.
bonds issued by emerging countries under a debt reduction plan.
bond whose principal repayment is linked to the price of another security. The bonds are
Foreign bond issue made in London.
A bond that allows the issuer to buy back the bond at a
bond that may be repurchased by the issuer before maturity at specified call price.
Canada Savings Bonds
A bond issued each year by the federal government. These bonds can be cashed in at any time for their full face value.
Canadian Life and Health Insurance Association (CLHIA)
An association of most of the life and health insurance companies in Canada that conducts research and compiles information about the life and health insurance industry in Canada.
mortgage against which no additional debt may be issued.
Collateral trust bonds
A bond in which the issuer (often a holding company) grants investors a lien on
Collateralized mortgage obligation (CMO)
A security backed by a pool of pass-throughs , structured so that
A loan made on real estate collateral, other than a residential property, in which a mortgage is given to secure payment of principal and interest.
Insurance that a construction contract will be successfully completed.
Conflict between bondholders and stockholders
These two groups may have interests in a corporation that
A loan based on the credit of the borrower and on the collateral for the mortgage.
bond that the holder may exchange for a specified number of shares.
bonds that can be converted into common stock at the option of the holder.
A eurobond that can be converted into another asset, often through exercise of
Debt obligations issued by corporations.
Any bond with a coupon. Contrast with discount bond.
High-coupon bonds that sell at only at a moderate premium because they are callable at a
An unsecured bond whose holder has the claim of a general creditor on all assets of the
A bond issued with a very low coupon or no coupon and selling at a price far below par
Debt sold for less than its principal value. If a discount bond pays no interest, it is called a
A bond with no coupons, priced below its face value; the return on this bond comes from the difference between its face value and its current price.
Municipal revenue bonds for which quotes are given in dollar prices. Not to be confused with
Dollar price of a bond
Percentage of face value at which a bond is quoted.
Domestic International Sales Corporation (DISC)
A U.S. corporation that receives a tax incentive for
Equivalent bond yield
Annual yield on a short-term, non-interest bearing security calculated so as to be
A bond that is (1) underwritten by an international syndicate, (2) offered at issuance
A debt security issued in a market other than the home market of
bond that is marketed internationally.
Eurobonds denominated in U.S.dollars.
Eurobonds denominated in Japanese yen.
bond whose maturity can be extended at the option of the lender or issuer.
Government bonds that are acceptable at par in payment of federal estate taxes when owned by
A bond issued on the domestic capital market of anther company.
Foreign bond market
That portion of the domestic bond market that represents issues floated by foreign
Freddie Mac (Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation)
A Congressionally chartered corporation that
Full coupon bond
A bond with a coupon equal to the going market rate, thereby, the bond is selling at par.
GEMs (growing-equity mortgages)
mortgages in which annual increases in monthly payments are used to
General obligation bonds
Municipal securities secured by the issuer's pledge of its full faith, credit, and
See:Government national mortgage association.
bonds that are designed so as to qualify for immediate trading in any domestic capital market
GMCs (guaranteed mortgage certificates)
First issued by Freddie Mac in 1975, GMCs, like PCs, represent
Graduated-payment mortgages (GPMs)
A type of stepped-payment loan in which the borrower's payments
Gross National Product
Total output of final goods and services produced by a country's citizens during a year.
Gross national product (GNP)
Measures and economy's total income. It is equal to GDP plus the income
High-coupon bond refunding
Refunding of a high-coupon bond with a new, lower coupon bond.
A bond on which the payment of interest is contingent on sufficient earnings. These bonds are
bond whose payments are linked to an index, e.g. the consumer price index.
Industrial revenue bond (IRB)
bond issued by local government agencies on behalf of corporations.
A municipal bond backed both by the credit of the municipal issuer and by commercial
An insured mortgage protects only the mortgage lender in case you do not make your mortgage payments. This coverage is provided by CMHC [Canada mortgage and Housing Corporation] and is required if a person has a high-ratio mortgage. [A mortgage is high-ratio if the amount borrowed is more than 75% of the purchase price or appraised value, whichever is less.]
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development - IBRD or World Bank
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development makes loans at nearly conventional terms to countries for projects of high
International Banking Facility (IBF)
International Banking Facility. A branch that an American bank
A collective term that refers to global bonds, Eurobonds, and foreign bonds.
International Depository Receipt (IDR)
A receipt issued by a bank as evidence of ownership of one or more
The attempt to reduce risk by investing in the more than one nation. By
International finance subsidiary
A subsidiary incorporated in the U.S., usually in Delaware, whose sole
International Fisher effect
States that the interest rate differential between two countries should be an
international Fisher effect
Theory that real interest rates in all countries should be equal, with differences in nominal rates reflecting differences in expected inflation.
A mutual fund that can invest only outside the United States.
A mutual fund that can invest in securities issued anywhere outside of Canada.
Related: See external market.
International Monetary Fund
An organization founded in 1944 to oversee exchange arrangements of
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Organization originally established to manage the postwar fixed exchange rate system.
International Monetary Market (IMM)
A division of the CME established in 1972 for trading financial
See foreign exchange reserves.
Investment grade bonds
A bond that is assigned a rating in the top four categories by commercial credit
A bond with a speculative credit rating of BB (S&P) or Ba (Moody's) or lower is a junk or high
bond with a rating below Baa or BBB.
bond with a stream of coupon payments that are the same throughout the life of the bond.
Limited-tax general obligation bond
A general obligation bond that is limited as to revenue sources.
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