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Definition of Fixed-income security
A security that pays a specified cash flow over a
The percentage rate of return paid on a bond, note or other fixed income security if you
income that has been earned but not yet received. For instance, if you have a non-registered Guaranteed Investment Certificate (GIC), Mutual Fund or Segregated Equity Fund, growth accrues annually or semi-annually and is taxable annually even though the gain is only paid at maturity of your investment.
Cumulative gains or losses reported in shareholders'
Operations Reported income from continuing operations
A security that is collateralized by loans, leases, receivables, or installment contracts
A debt or equity security not classified as a held-to-maturity security or a trading security. Can be classified as a current or noncurrent investment depending on the intended holding period.
Pretax income reported on the income statement.
Adjusted cash flow provided by continuing operations
income statement that presents items as a percentage of revenues.
A security that can be converted into common stock at the option of the security holder,
That portion of the total income tax provision that is based on
A security representing a debt relationship with an enterprise, including a government
That portion of the total income tax provision that is the result
A financial security, such as an option, or future, whose value is derived in part from the
income less income tax.
income that a company receives in the form of dividends on stock in other companies that it holds.
Earned income is generally an individual's salary or wages from employment. It also includes some taxable benefits. Earned income also includes business income if the individual is self-employed. Earned income is used as the basis for calculating RRSP maximum contribution limits.
earnings before interest and income tax (EBIT)
A measure of profit that
Cash flow plus change in present value.
Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA)
A federal Act that sets minimum operational and funding standards for employee benefit
An ownership interest in an enterprise, including preferred and common stock.
security that grants the security holder the right to exchange the security for the
Annuity contracts in which the insurance company or issuing financial institution pays a
Long-lived property owned by a firm that is used by a firm in the production of its income.
An item with a longevity greater than one year, and which exceeds a company’s
Fixed asset turnover ratio
The ratio of sales to fixed assets.
Things that the business owns and are part of the business infrastructure – fixed assets may be
An informal term that refers to the variety of long-term operating
Land, buildings, plant, equipment, and other assets acquired for carrying on the business of a company with a life exceeding one year. Normally expressed in financial accounts at cost, less accumulated depreciation.
Fixed Assets Turnover Ratio
A measure of the utilization of a company's fixed assets to
Fixed-charge coverage ratio
A measure of a firm's ability to meet its fixed-charge obligations: the ratio of
Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio
A measure of how well a company is able to meet its fixed
A cost that is fixed in total for a given period of time and for given production levels.
a cost that remains constant in total within a specified
A cost that does not vary in the short run, irrespective of changes in any
Costs that do not change with increases or decreases in the volume of goods or services
Costs that do not depend on the level of output.
In the Euromarket the standard periods for which Euros are traded (1 month out to a year out) are
Conventional bonds for which the coupon rate is set as a fixed percentage of the par value.
A nonnegotiable debt security that can be redeemed at some fixed price or according to
A country's decision to tie the value of its currency to another country's currency, gold
Fixed Exchange Rate
An exchange rate held constant by a government promise to buy or sell dollars at the fixed rate on the foreign exchange market.
Cost of doing business which does not change with the volume of business. Examples might be rent for business premises, insurance payments, heat and light.
fixed expenses (costs)
Expenses or costs that remain the same in amount,
Also called a busted convertible, a convertible security that is trading like a straight
Assets that pay a fixed-dollar amount, such as bonds and preferred stock.
The market for trading bonds and preferred stock.
Fixed Interest Rate
A rate that does not fluctuate with general market conditions.
An inventory storage technique under which permanent
That portion of total overhead costs which remains constant in size
fixed overhead spending variance
the difference between the total actual fixed overhead and budgeted fixed overhead;
fixed overhead volume variance
see volume variance
Fixed price basis
An offering of securities at a fixed price.
Fixed-price tender offer
A one-time offer to purchase a stated number of shares at a stated fixed price,
A loan on which the rate paid by the borrower is fixed for the life of the loan.
Fixed Rate Loan
Loan for a fixed period of time with a fixed interest rate for the life of the loan.
In an interest rate swap the counterparty who pays a fixed rate, usually in exchange for a
security paying dividends or interest that vary with short-term interest rates.
A debt security for which the investing entity has both the positive
The security to which a warrant is attached.
A convertible security whose optioned common stock is trading in a middle range, causing
Net earnings after all expenses for an accounting period are subtracted from all
One who receives income from a trust.
A bond on which the payment of interest is contingent on sufficient earnings. These bonds are
Income from Continuing Operations
After-tax net income before discontinued operations,
A mutual fund providing for liberal current income from investments.
Mutual funds that seek regular income. This type of fund invests primarily in government, corporate and other types of bonds, debt securities, and other income producing securities and in certain circumstances can also hold common and preferred shares.
A form of earnings management designed to remove peaks and valleys
This is a tax planning strategy of arranging for income to be transferred to family members who are in lower tax brackets than the one earning the income, thus reducing taxes. Even though attribution rules limit income splitting, there are still a number of legitimate ways to do so, such as through the use of spousal RRSPs.
An accounting statement that summarizes information about a company in the following format:
One of the basic financial statements; it lists the revenue and expense accounts of the company.
Financial statement that summarizes sales revenue
A financial report that summarizes a company’s revenue, cost of
Financial statement that shows the revenues, expenses, and net income of a firm over a period of time.
Income statement (statement of operations)
A statement showing the revenues, expenses, and income (the
A financial statement that displays a breakdown of total sales and total expenses.
Common stock with a high dividend yield and few profitable investment opportunities.
What the business paid to the IRS.
A government tax on the income earned by an individual or corporation.
Income Tax Expense
See income tax provision.
Income Tax Provision
The expense deduction from pretax book income reported on the
A policy designed to lower inflation without reducing aggregate demand. Wage/price controls are an example.
Intangible fixed assets
Non-physical assets, e.g. customer goodwill or intellectual property (patents and trademarks).
income that a company receives in the form of interest, usually as the result of keeping money in interest-bearing accounts at financial institutions and the lending of money to other companies.
The revenue from a portfolio of invested assets.
Life Income Fund
Commonly known as a LIF, this is one of the options available to locked in Registered Pension Plan (RPP) holders for income payout as opposed to Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) holders choice of payout through Registered Retirement income Funds (RRIF). A LIF must be converted to a unisex annuity by the time the holder reaches age 80.
Longer-Term Fixed Assets
Assets having a useful life greater than one year but the duration of the 'long term' will vary with the context in which the term is applied.
An easily traded investment, such as treasury bills, which is
Monthly income preferred security (MIP)
Preferred stock issued by a subsidiary located in a tax haven.
Mortgage pass-through security
Also called a passthrough, a security created when one or more mortgage
GDP with some adjustments to remove items that do not make it into anyone's hands as income, such as indirect taxes and depreciation. Loosely speaking, it is interpreted as being equal to GDP.
National Income and Product Accounts
The national accounting system that records economic activity such as GDP and related measures.
The company's total earnings, reflecting revenues adjusted for costs of doing business,
The profit a company makes after cost of goods sold, expenses, and taxes are subtracted from net sales.
The last line of the income Statement; it represents the amount that the company earned during a specified period.
The excess of revenues over expenses, including the impact of income taxes.
net income (also called the bottom line, earnings, net earnings, and net
A debt or equity security for which there is no posted price or bidand-
The net income of a business, less the impact of any financial activity,
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