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Definition of Erosion
An innovation that has a negative impact on one or more of a firm's existing assets.
A merger or consolidation in which an acquirer purchases the selling firm's assets.
A bond covenant that specifies certain actions the firm must take.
Requirement that none of an order be executed unless all of it can be executed at the specified price.
An arrangement whereby a security issue is canceled if the underwriter is unable
A firm's productive resources.
Anything of value that a company owns.
Things that the business owns.
Items owned by the company or expenses that have been paid for but have not been used up.
A common element of a financial plan that describes projected capital spending and the
An option is at-the-money if the strike price of the option is equal to the market price of the
Gives the lessee the option to purchase the asset at a price below fair market
Also called the broker loan rate , the interest rate that banks charge brokers to finance
A transaction in which the purchaser's intention is to reduce or eliminate a short position in
Raw materials or subassemblies used to make either finished goods
he written statement that follows any "trade" in the securities markets. Confirmation is issued
Value of cash, accounts receivable, inventories, marketable securities and other assets that
Cash, things that will be converted into cash within a year (such as accounts receivable), and inventory.
Amounts receivable by the business within a period of 12 months, including bank, debtors, inventory and prepayments.
Current refers to cash and those assets that will be turned
Cash and other company assets that can be readily turned into cash within one year.
Direct stock-purchase programs
The purchase by investors of securities directly from the issuer.
Dow Jones industrial average
This is the best known U.S.index of stocks. It contains 30 stocks that trade on
Dow Jones Industrial Average
Index of the investment performance of a portfolio of 30 “blue-chip” stocks.
economic components model
Abrams’ model for calculating DLOM based on the interaction of discounts from four economic components.
European Monetary System (EMS)
An exchange arrangement formed in 1979 that involves the currencies
Exchange of assets
Acquisition of another company by purchase of its assets in exchange for cash or stock.
Fiat Money is paper currency made legal tender by law or fiat. It is not backed by gold or silver and is not necessarily redeemable in coin. This practice has had widespread use for about the last 70 years. If governments produce too much of it, there is a loss of confidence. Even so, governments print it routinely when they need it. The value of fiat money is dependent upon the performance of the economy of the country which issued it. Canada's currency falls into this category.
Claims on real assets.
Claims to the income generated by real assets. Also called securities.
Refers to an order to buy or sell that can be executed without confirmation for some fixed period. Also,
Firm commitment underwriting
An undewriting in which an investment banking firm commits to buy the
Firm's net value of debt
Total firm value minus total firm debt.
See:diversifiable risk or unsystematic risk.
Things that the business owns and are part of the business infrastructure – fixed assets may be
An informal term that refers to the variety of long-term operating
Land, buildings, plant, equipment, and other assets acquired for carrying on the business of a company with a life exceeding one year. Normally expressed in financial accounts at cost, less accumulated depreciation.
Fixed Assets Turnover Ratio
A measure of the utilization of a company's fixed assets to
A phase of development in which a company experiences rapid earnings growth as it produces
See money base.
Money that moves across country borders in response to interest rate differences and that moves
A put option that has a strike price higher than the underlying futures price, or a call option
assets owned by the company that do not possess physical substance; they usually take the form of rights and privileges such as patents, copyrights, and franchises.
Intangible fixed assets
Non-physical assets, e.g. customer goodwill or intellectual property (patents and trademarks).
International Monetary Fund
An organization founded in 1944 to oversee exchange arrangements of
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Organization originally established to manage the postwar fixed exchange rate system.
International Monetary Market (IMM)
A division of the CME established in 1972 for trading financial
Intrinsic value of a firm
The present value of a firm's expected future net cash flows discounted by the
Law of one price
An economic rule stating that a given security must have the same price regardless of the
law of one price
Theory that prices of goods in all countries should be equal when translated to a common currency.
Value of property, equipment and other capital assets minus the depreciation. This is an
Longer-Term Fixed Assets
assets having a useful life greater than one year but the duration of the 'long term' will vary with the context in which the term is applied.
Market impact costs
Also called price impact costs, the result of a bid/ask spread and a dealer's price concession.
A phase of company development in which earnings continue to grow at the rate of the
For mutual funds, the amount required to open a new account (Minimum Initial
School of economic thought stressing the importance of the money supply in the economy. Adherents believe that the economy is inherently stable, so that policy is best undertaken through adoption of a policy rule.
Proposal that the money supply be increased at a steady rate equal approximately to the real rate of growth of the economy. Contrast with discretionary policy.
Any measure of the economy's money supply.
See money base.
Gold held by governmental authorities as a financial asset.
Monetary / non-monetary method
Under this translation method, monetary items (e.g. cash, accounts
Actions taken by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to influence the
Actions taken by the central bank to change the supply of money and the interest rate and thereby affect economic activity.
Monetizing the Debt
See printing money.
Any item that serves as a medium of exchange, a store of value, and a unit of account. See medium of exchange.
Composed of currency and coins outside the banking system plus liabilities to the deposit money banks.
Cash plus deposits of the commercial banks with the central bank.
Money center banks
Banks that raise most of their funds from the domestic and international money markets, relying less on depositors for funds.
This is the process by which "dirty money" generated by criminal activities is converted through legitimate businesses into assets that cannot be easily traced back to their illegal origins.
Related: Investment management.
Related: Investment manager.
Money markets are for borrowing and lending money for three years or less. The securities in
A market that specializes in trading short-term, low-risk, very liquid
Market for short-term financial assets.
A financial market in which short-term (maturity of less than a year) debt instruments such as bonds are traded.
Financial market in which funds are borrowed or lent for short periods. (The money market is distinguished from the capital market, which is the market for long term funds.)
Money market demand account
An account that pays interest based on short-term interest rates.
Money market fund
A mutual fund that invests only in short term securities, such as bankers' acceptances,
money market fund
A type of mutual fund that invests primarily in short-term debt securities maturing in one year or less. These include treasury bills, bankers’ acceptances, commercial paper, discount notes and guaranteed investment certficates.
Money market hedge
The use of borrowing and lending transactions in foreign currencies to lock in the
Money market notes
Publicly traded issues that may be collateralized by mortgages and MBSs.
Change in the money supply per change in the money base.
A guaranteed form of payment in amounts up to and including $5,000. You might request a money order in order to pay for tuition fees at a university or a college, or for a magazine subscription.
Money purchase plan
A defined benefit contribution plan in which the participant contributes some part and
Money Rate of Interest
See interest rate, nominal.
Money rate of return
Annual money return as a percentage of asset value.
M1-A: Currency plus demand deposits
A loan repayment schedule in which the outstanding principal balance of the loan
Related: net financing cost
negative cash flow
The cash flow from the operating activities of a business
A bond characteristic such that the price appreciation will be less than the price
A bond covenant that limits or prohibits altogether certain actions unless the bondholders agree.
A situation in which the price of the MBS moves in the same direction as interest rates.
A term used to describe a situation in which a business combination
Negative Loan Covenants
Loan covenants designed to limit a corporate borrower's behavior
Negative pledge clause
A bond covenant that requires the borrower to grant lenders a lien equivalent to any
Neglected firm effect
The tendency of firms that are neglected by security analysts to outperform firms that
The difference between total assets on the one hand and current liabilities and noncapitalized longterm
Neutrality of Money
The doctrine that the money supply affects only the price level, with no long-run impact on real variables.
In a Treasury auction, the amount by which the par value of the securities offered exceeds that of
A tangible asset with unique physical properties, like a parcel of land, a mine, or a
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