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Definition of Contango
A market condition in which futures prices are higher in the distant delivery months.
A market condition in which futures prices are lower in the distant delivery months than in
Holds that the futures price will be bid down to a level below the expected
The incremental costs of having an agent make decisions for a principal.
An equation determining aggregate output as a function of aggregate inputs such as labor and capital.
The price at which a willing buyer and a willing unrelated seller would freely agree to
A dealer's price to sell a security; also called the offer price.
markets in which the prevailing price is determined through the free interaction of
costs that are identifiable with and able to be influenced by decisions made at the business
Gives the lessee the option to purchase the asset at a price below fair market
price expressed in terms of yield to maturity or annual rate of return.
Any market in which prices are in a declining trend.
A market in which stock or bond prices are generally
A prolonged period of falling stock market prices.
This is the quoted bid, or the highest price an investor is willing to pay to buy a security. Practically
An illegal market.
A market where an intermediary offers search services to buyers and sellers.
Any market in which prices are in an upward trend.
A market in which stock or bond prices are generally rising.
A prolonged period of rising stock market prices.
The foreign market in the United Kingdom.
an incidental output of a joint process; it is salable,
A product that is an ancillary part of the primary production process, having
A material created incidental to a production process, which can be
The price, specified at issuance, at which the issuer of a bond may retire part of the bond at a
The price for which a bond can be repaid before maturity under a call provision.
The market for trading long-term debt instruments (those that mature in more than one year).
The market in which investors buy and sell shares of companies, normally associated with a Stock Exchange.
A market that specializes in trading long-term, relatively high risk
The market in which savings are made available to those needing funds to undertake investment projects. A financial market in which longer-term (maturity greater than one year) bonds and stocks are traded.
Capital market efficiency
Reflects the relative amount of wealth wasted in making transactions. An efficient
Capital market imperfections view
The view that issuing debt is generally valuable but that the firm's
Capital market line (CML)
The line defined by every combination of the risk-free asset and the market portfolio.
markets for long-term financing.
capitalization of costs
when a cost is recorded originally as an increase
costs that increase with increases in the level of investment in current assets.
costs of maintaining current assets, including opportunity cost of capital.
The provision of some futures contracts that requires not delivery of underlying assets but
Also called spot markets, these are markets that involve the immediate delivery of a security
Bond price excluding accrued interest.
An agreement between two or more countries that permits the free movement of capital
Common stock market
The market for trading equities, not including preferred stock.
Complete capital market
A market in which there is a distinct marketable security for each and every
One of two parties to a conditional sale agreement, the other being the conditional seller.
A type of agreement to sell whereby a seller retains title to goods sold and delivered to a purchaser until full payment has been made.
Conditional Sale Agreement
An agreement entered into between a conditional buyer and a conditional seller setting out the terms under which goods change hands.
Conditional sales contracts
Similar to equipment trust certificates except that the lender is either the
One of two parties to a conditional sale agreement, the other being the conditional buyer.
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
The CPI, as it is called, measures the prices of consumer goods and services and is a
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
An index calculated by tracking the cost of a typical bundle of consumer goods and services over time. It is commonly used to measure inflation.
The month in which futures contracts may be satisfied by making or accepting a delivery.
Conversion parity price
Related:market conversion price
The contractually specified price per share at which a convertible security can be
Corner A Market
To purchase enough of the available supply of a commodity or stock in order to
cost of production report
a process costing document that
Costs Capitalized in Stealth
A particularly egregious form of aggressive cost capitalization
costs of financial distress
costs arising from bankruptcy or distorted business decisions before bankruptcy.
A market where traders specializing in particular commodities buy and sell assets for their
The market for trading debt instruments.
The most distant months of a futures contract. A bond that sells at a discount and does not
The tender and receipt of an actual commodity or financial instrument in settlement of a futures contract.
The written notice given by the seller of his intention to make delivery against an open, short
The options available to the seller of an interest rate futures contract, including the quality
Those points designated by futures exchanges at which the financial instrument or
A company’s stated goal for how soon a customer order will be
The price fixed by the Clearing house at which deliveries on futures are in invoiced; also the
Delivery versus payment
A transaction in which the buyer's payment for securities is due at the time of
markets for derivative instruments.
Devaluation A decrease in the spot price of the currency
costs that are readily traceable to particular products or services.
Direct search market
Buyers and sellers seek each other directly and transact directly.
Bond price including accrued interest, i.e., the price paid by the bond buyer.
DLOM (discount for lack of marketability)
an amount or percentage deducted from an equity interest to reflect lack of marketability.
Dollar price of a bond
Percentage of face value at which a bond is quoted.
Part of a nation's internal market representing the mechanisms for issuing and trading
economic production run (EPR)
an estimate of the number
Effective call price
The strike price in an optional redemption provision plus the accrued interest to the
Efficient capital market
A market in which new information is very quickly reflected accurately in share
efficient capital markets
Financial markets in which security prices rapidly reflect all relevant information about asset values.
Efficient Market Hypothesis
In general the hypothesis states that all relevant information is fully and
Efficient Markets Hypothesis
The hypothesis that securities are typically in equilibrium--that they are fairly priced in the sense that the price reflects all publicly available information on the security.
In the interbank Eurodollar deposit market, an either-way market is one in which the bid
The financial markets of developing economies.
Equilibrium market price of risk
The slope of the capital market line (CML). Since the CML represents the
equivalent units of production (EUP)
an approximation of the number of whole units of output that could have been
Escalating Price Option
A nonqualified stock option that uses a sliding scale for
The money market for borrowing and lending currencies that are held in the form of
Excess return on the market portfolio
The difference between the return on the market portfolio and the
The difference between the execution price of a security and the price that would have
The price at which the underlying future or options contract may be bought or sold.
The price set for buying an asset (call) or selling an asset (put).
Also referred to as the international market, the offshore market, or, more popularly, the
Factor of Production
A resource used to produce a good or service. The main macroeconomic factors of production are capital and labor.
Fair market price
Amount at which an asset would change hands between two parties, both having
Fair market value
The price that an asset or service will fetch on the open market.
Fair Market Value
The highest price available, expressed in terms of cash, in an open and unrestricted market between informed, prudent parties acting at arm's length and under no compulsion to transact.
The equilibrium price for futures contracts. Also called the theoretical futures price, which equals
Fair price provision
Farm Improvement and Marketing Cooperatives Loans Act
Federal funds market
The market where banks can borrow or lend reserves, allowing banks temporarily
Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC)
Fed committee that makes decisions about open-market operations.
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