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Definition of Commercial Bank
A privately owned, profit-seeking firm that accepts deposits and makes loans.
A plan by U.S. Treasury Secretary James Baker under which 15 principal middle-income debtor
A fee paid to a commercial bank in return for its legal commitment to lend funds that have
Central bank switching of government deposits between the central bank and commercial banks.
The interest rate at which the Fed is prepared to loan reserves to commercial banks.
Reserves of commercial banks in excess of those they are legally required to hold.
The institutions that regulate and lend to savings and loan associations. The
A 1933 act in which Congress forbade commercial banks to own, underwrite, or deal in
Cash plus deposits of the commercial banks with the central bank.
Reserves that the central bank requires commercial banks to hold.
Fraction of total deposits that a commercial bank is required by the central bank to hold in the form of reserves.
commercial banks' reserves consist of their holdings of cash and their balances in deposits with the central bank. See also foreign exchange reserves, excess reserves, required reserves, reserve requirement.
Organization usually combined with a commercial bank, which is engaged as a trustee for individuals or businesses in the administration of Trust funds, estates, custodial arrangements, stock transfer and registration, and other related services.
A bank machine, sometimes referred to as an automated teller machine (ATM).
A form of organization commonly used by foreign banks to enter the U.S. market. An agency
Notes issued by states and municipalities to obtain interim financing for
Money in a bank cheque account, the difference between receipts and payments.
Bank collection float
The time that elapses between when a check is deposited into a bank account and when the funds are available to the depositor, during which period the bank is collecting payment from the payer's bank.
Bank discount basis
A convention used for quoting bids and offers for treasury bills in terms of annualized
A draft addressed to a bank.
A guaranteed form of payment which is issued in amounts over $5,000.
Bank for International Settlements (BIS)
An international bank headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, which
Line of credit granted by a bank to a customer.
Money owed to the bank in a cheque account where payments exceed receipts.
The process of taking the balances from the bank statement and the general ledger and making adjustments so that they agree.
A comparison between the cash position recorded on a company’s
A computer message system linking major banks. It is used not for effecting payments, but as a
A short-term credit investment created by a non-financial firm and guaranteed by a
A bill of exchange, or draft, drawn by the borrower for payment on a specified date, and accepted by a chartered bank. Upon acceptance, the bill becomes, in effect, a postdated certified cheque.
State of being unable to pay debts. Thus, the ownership of the firm's assets is transferred from
The reorganization or liquidation of a firm that cannot pay its debts.
Bankruptcy cost view
The argument that expected indirect and direct bankruptcy costs offset the other
The risk that a firm will be unable to meet its debt obligations. Also referred to as default or insolvency risk.
The argument that expected bankruptcy costs preclude firms from being financed entirely
A public agency responsible for regulating and controlling an economy's monetary and financial institutions. It is the sole money-issuing authority.
Clearing House Interbank Payments System (CHIPS)
An international wire transfer system for high-value
Commercial Business Loan (Credit Insurance)
An agreement between a creditor and a borrower, where the creditor has loaned an amount to the borrower for business purposes.
Demand for payment.
A loan made on real estate collateral, other than a residential property, in which a mortgage is given to secure payment of principal and interest.
Short-term unsecured promissory notes issued by a corporation. The maturity of
Short-term unsecured notes issued by firms.
The risk that a foreign debtor will be unable to pay its debts because of business events,
System whereby customers make payments to a regional collection center which transfers funds to
A merchant banking subsidiary set up by several banks that may or may not be of the
Eligible bankers' acceptances
In the BA market, an acceptance may be referred to as eligible because it is
Short-term notes with maturities up to 360 days that are issued by companies in
A bank that regularly accepts foreign currency denominated deposits and makes foreign currency loans.
Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im Bank)
The U.S. federal government agency that extends trade credits to U.S.
Federal Financing Bank
A federal institution that lends to a wide array of federal credit agencies funds it
Federal Reserve Banks
The twelve district banks in the Federal Reserve System.
Foreign banking market
That portion of domestic bank loans supplied to foreigners for use abroad.
Fractional Reserve Banking
A banking system in which banks hold only a fraction of their outstanding deposits in cash or on deposit with the central bank.
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development - IBRD or World Bank
International bank for Reconstruction and Development makes loans at nearly conventional terms to countries for projects of high
International Banking Facility (IBF)
International banking Facility. A branch that an American bank
Financial intermediaries who perform a variety of services, including aiding in the sale of
Middleman between a corporation issuing new securities and the public. The middleman buys the securities issue outright and then resells it to customers. Also called an underwriter.
A legal proceeding for liquidating or reorganizing a business.
A British term for a bank that specializes not in lending out its own funds, but in providing
A financial institution that engages in investment banking functions, such as advising clients in mergers and acquisitions, underwriting securities and taking debt or equity positions.
Money center banks
banks that raise most of their funds from the domestic and international money markets, relying less on depositors for funds.
PIBOR (Paris Interbank Offer Rate)
The deposit rate on interbank transactions in the Eurocurrency market
A bankruptcy in which a debtor and its creditors pre-negotiate a plan or
Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications (SWIFT)
A dedicated computer network to support funds transfer messages internationally between over 900 member banks worldwide.
Wholesale mortgage banking
The purchasing of loans originated by others, with the servicing rights
A multilateral development finance agency created by the 1944 Bretton Woods, New
The International bank for Reconstruction and Development, an international organization that provides long-term loans to developing countries to improve their infrastructure.
IOUs created through loan-type transactions - commercial paper, bank CDs, bills, bonds, and
Documented discount notes
commercial paper backed by normal bank lines plus a letter of credit from a
The commercial or investment bank with the primary responsibility for organizing syndicated
Money markets are for borrowing and lending money for three years or less. The securities in
Money market fund
A mutual fund that invests only in short term securities, such as bankers' acceptances,
money market fund
A type of mutual fund that invests primarily in short-term debt securities maturing in one year or less. These include treasury bills, bankers’ acceptances, commercial paper, discount notes and guaranteed investment certficates.
A bank that offers to pay different rates of interest on CDs of varying rates is said to "post a scale."
bank borrowing facility to provide finance while the firm replaces U.S. commercial paper
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