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Definition of Wage Flexibility
Ease with which wages adjust in response to excess supply or demand.
The proportion of total taxable wages for laid off
wage that maximizes profits.
An hourly wage rate set by the federal government below
Ease with which prices adjust in response to excess supply or demand.
wage expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing the money wage by a price index.
The amount paid to employees for services rendered; synonymous with salary expense and payroll expense.
An incomes policy in which wages and prices are constrained by law not to rise by more than a specified percentage.
Resistance of wages to change.
Capital rationing that under certain circumstances can be violated or even viewed
Clause causing repayment of a debt, if specified events occur or are not met.
Belief that an effort to keep unemployment below its natural rate results in an accelerating inflation.
Coverage against accidental death usually payable in addition to base amount of coverage.
A ratio computed by dividing annual
An approximate measure of the liability of a plan in the event of a
Also called the quick ratio, the ratio of current assets minus inventories, accruals, and prepaid
A ratio that shows how well a company could pay its current debts using only its most liquid or “quick” assets. It’s a more pessimistic—but also realistic—measure of safety than the current ratio, because it ignores sluggish, hard-toliquidate current assets like inventory and notes receivable. Here’s the formula:
See quick ratio
acid test ratio (also called the quick ratio)
The sum of cash, accounts receivable, and short-term marketable
Adjusted Cash Flow Provided by Continuing Operations
Cash flow provided by operating
a process of service department cost allocation
A method of adjusting accounts receivable to the amount that is expected to be collected based on company experience.
The signal-to-noise ratio of an analyst's forecasts. The ratio of alpha to residual standard
Articles of incorporation
Legal document establishing a corporation and its structure and purpose.
Asset activity ratios
ratios that measure how effectively the firm is managing its assets.
The ratio of total assets to stockholder equity.
asset turnover ratio
A broad-gauge ratio computed by dividing annual
Automatic Benefits Payment
Automatic payment of moneys derived from a benefit.
Average-Cost Inventory Method
The inventory cost-flow assumption that assigns the average
Basic Earnings Power Ratio
Percentage of earnings relative to total assets; indication of how
An instruction that pays a cash amount upon the occurrence of a specific event.
Benefit Ratio Method
The proportion of unemployment benefits paid to a company’s
The amount of cash payable on a benefit.
a listing of service departments in an order that begins with the one providing the most service
Bootstrapping, bootstrap method
An arithmetic method for backing an
cafeteria plan a “menu” of fringe benefit options that include
cash or nontaxable benefits
Canadian Deposit Insurance Corporation
Better known as CDIC, this is an organization which insures qualifying deposits and GICs at savings institutions, mainly banks and trust companys, which belong to the CDIC for amounts up to $60,000 and for terms of up to five years. Many types of deposits are not insured, such as mortgage-backed deposits, annuities of duration of more than five years, and mutual funds.
Capital market efficiency
Reflects the relative amount of wealth wasted in making transactions. An efficient
Placing one or more limits on the amount of new investment undertaken by a firm, either
a condition that exists when there is an
Limit set on the amount of funds available for investment.
A method of constructing a replicating portfolio in which the manager purchases a
Also called financial leverage ratios, these ratios compare debt to total capitalization
Cash flow coverage ratio
The number of times that financial obligations (for interest, principal payments,
Cash flow from operations
A firm's net cash inflow resulting directly from its regular operations
Cash Flow–to–Income Ratio (CFI)
Adjusted cash flow provided by continuing operations
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATIONS
A section on the cash-flow Stockholders’ equity statement that shows how much cash came into a company and how much went out during the normal course of business.
The proportion of a firm's assets held as cash.
ratio of cash and cash equivalents to liabilities; in the case of a bank, the ratio of cash to total deposit liabilities.
Common stock ratios
ratios that are designed to measure the relative claims of stockholders to earnings
A contract accounting method that recognizes contract revenue
A single centralized account into which funds collected at regional locations
System whereby customers make payments to a regional collection center which transfers funds to
Movement of cash from different lockbox locations into a single concentration
A review of all engineering documentation used as the basis
Verifying that a delivered product matches authorizing
contribution margin ratio
the proportion of each revenue dollar remaining after variable costs have been covered;
Controlled foreign corporation (CFC)
A foreign corporation whose voting stock is more than 50% owned
The number of shares of common stock that the security holder will receive from
A legal "person" that is separate and distinct from its owners. A corporation is allowed to own
A legal entity, organized under state laws, whose investors purchase
Business owned by stockholders who are not personally
The calculation and comparison of the costs and benefits of a policy or project.
cost-benefit analysis the analytical process of comparing the
relative costs and benefits that result from a specific course
The net present value of an investment divided by the investment's initial cost. Also called
ratios used to test the adequacy of cash flows generated through earnings for purposes of
Restriction of loans by lenders so that not all borrowers willing to pay the current interest rate are able to obtain loans.
Current rate method
Under this currency translation method, all foreign currency balance-sheet and income
Indicator of short-term debt paying ability. Determined by dividing current assets by current
A ratio that shows how many times a company could pay its current debts if it used its current assets to pay them. The formula:
Calculated to assess the short-term solvency, or debt-paying
A measure of the ability of a company to use its current assets to
Current assets divided by current liabilities. This ratio indicates the extent to which the claims of short-term creditors are covered by assets expected to be converted to cash in the near future.
Customary payout ratios
A range of payout ratios that is typical based on an analysis of comparable firms.
Days' sales in inventory ratio
The average number of days' worth of sales that is held in inventory.
Amount paid on death of an insured.
Indicator of financial leverage. Compares assets provided by creditors to assets provided
A comparison of debt to equity in a company's capital structure.
Total debt divided by total assets.
The percentage of debt that is used in the total capitalization of a
Debt-service coverage ratio
Earnings before interest and income taxes plus one-third rental charges, divided
A widely used financial statement ratio to assess the
The date on which a firm's directors meet and announce the date and amount of the next
The date on which the board of directors has declared a dividend.
Defined benefit plan
A pension plan in which the sponsor agrees to make specified dollar payments to
Defined Benefit Plan
A pension plan that pays out a predetermined dollar
Direct estimate method
A method of cash budgeting based on detailed estimates of cash receipts and cash
A method of preparing the operating section of the Statement of Cash Flows that uses the company’s actual cash inflows and cash outflows.
a service department cost allocation approach
A format for the operating section of the cash-flow statement that reports actual cash receipts and cash disbursements from operating activities.
Direct write-off method
A method of adjusting accounts receivable to the amount that is expected to be collected by eliminating the account balances of specific nonpaying customers.
A business segment that has been or is planned to be closed or sold off.
Net income and the gain or loss on disposal of a business segment whose assets and operations are clearly distinguishable from the other assets and operations of an entity.
dividend growth method
a method of computing the cost
Dividend payout ratio
Percentage of earnings paid out as dividends.
dividend payout ratio
Computed by dividing cash dividends for the year
dividend payout ratio
Percentage of earnings paid out as dividends.
dividend yield ratio
Cash dividends paid by a business over the most
The product of modified duration and the initial price.
Domestic International Sales Corporation (DISC)
A U.S. corporation that receives a tax incentive for
A common gauge of the price sensitivity of an asset or portfolio to a change in interest rates.
The weighted average of the time until maturity of each of the
The expected life of a fixed-income security considering its coupon
The time it takes for a policy or annuity to reach maturity.
Earnings retention ratio
the creation of multi-country markets
Specialized banking institutions, authorized and chartered by the Federal Reserve Board
The duration calculated using the approximate duration formula for a bond with an
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