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Definition of Term Life
A product that provides life coverage for a specified duration typically not beyond the age of 75.
A contract that provides a death benefit but no cash build-up or investment component.
A plan of insurance which covers the insured for only a certain period of time and not necessarily for his or her entire life. The policy pays a death benefit only if the insured dies during the term.
term life insurance products are offered as non-convertible or convertible to a certain time in the future. The coversion right has a time limit, usually to the policy holder's age 60 or possibly even age 70. This right means that the policy holder has the right to convert their existing policy to another specific different plan of permanent insurance within the specified time period, without providing evidence of insurability. There is a slightly higher cost for a term policy with the conversion priviledge but it is a valuable feature should a policy holder's health change for the worst and continued insurance coverage becomes a necessity.
Group term life insurance that pays or reduces the balance due on a loan if the borrower dies before the loan is repaid.
Commonly sold in the form of reducing term life insurance by lending institutions, this is life insurance with a death benefit reducing to zero over a specific period of time, usually 20 to 25 years. In most instances, the cost of coverage remains level, while the death benefit continues to decline. Re-stated, the cost of this kind of insurance is actually increasing since less death benefit is paid as the outstanding mortgage balance decreases while the cost remains the same. Lending institutions are the most popular sources for this kind of coverage because it is usually sold during the purchase of a new mortgage. The untrained institution mortgage sales person often gives the impression that this is the only place mortgage insurance can be purchased but it is more efficiently purchased at a lower cost and with more flexibility, directly from traditional life insurance companies. No matter where it is purchased, the reducing term insurance death benefit reduces over a set period of years. Most consumers are up-sizing their residences, not down-sizing, so it is likely that more coverage is required as years pass, rather than less coverage.
Decreasing term life insurance that provides a death benefit amount corresponding to the decreasing amount owed on a mortgage.
Sometimes, simply called YRT, this is a form of term life insurance that may be renewed annually without evidence of insurability to a stated age.
Also referred to as the weighted-average life (WAL). The average number of years that each
An association of most of the life and health insurance companies in Canada that conducts research and compiles information about the life and health insurance industry in Canada.
A measure of the goodness of fit of the relationship between the dependent and
a measure of dispersion that
Conditions under which credit is extended by a lender to a borrower.
A monthly fixed-dollar payment beginning at retirement age. It is nominal
Liability-matching models that assume that the liability payments and the asset cash
Withdrawal of funds from a financial institution in order to invest them directly.
The period over which a company expects to be able to use an asset.
Euro-medium term note (Euro-MTN)
A non-underwritten Euronote issued directly to the market. Euro-
Institutions that provide the market function of matching borrowers and lenders or
Firm that raises money from many small investors and provides financing to businesses or other
Any institution, such as a bank, that takes deposits from savers and loans them to borrowers.
The process whereby financial intermediaries channel funds from lender/savers to borrower/spenders.
Optional periods of time which the conditions of a contract will be carried out.
Group Life Insurance
This is a very common form of life insurance which is found in employee benefit plans and bank mortgage insurance. In employee benefit plans the form of this insurance is usually one year renewable term insurance. The cost of this coverage is based on the average age of everyone in the group. Therefore a group of young people would have inexpensive rates and an older group would have more expensive rates.
spread The spread between the interest rate offered in two sectors of the bond market for
Intermarket spread swaps
An exchange of one bond for another based on the manager's projection of a
An independent third party that may act as a mediator during negotiations.
A good used in producing another good.
Typically 1-10 years.
Investment through a financial institution. Related: disintermediation.
Joint Policy Life
One insurance policy that covers two lives, and generally provides for payment at the time of the first insured's death. It could also be structured to pay on second death basis for estate planning purposes.
Level Premium Life Insurance
This is a type of insurance for which the cost is distributed evenly over the premium payment period. The premium remains the same from year to year and is more than actual cost of protection in the earlier years of the policy and less than the actual cost of protection in the later years. The excess paid in the early years builds up a reserve to cover the higher cost in the later years.
life cycle costing
the accumulation of costs for activities that
The average number of years of life remaining for a group of people of a given age and gender according to a particular mortality table.
Life Income Fund
Commonly known as a LIF, this is one of the options available to locked in Registered Pension Plan (RPP) holders for income payout as opposed to Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) holders choice of payout through Registered Retirement Income Funds (RRIF). A LIF must be converted to a unisex annuity by the time the holder reaches age 80.
Insurance that provides protection against an economic loss caused by death of the person insured.
The person who's life is protected by an individual policy.
An approach to costing that estimates and accumulates the costs of a product/service over
Liquidity theory of the term structure
A biased expectations theory that asserts that the implied forward
In accounting information, one year or greater.
Value of property, equipment and other capital assets minus the depreciation. This is an
An obligation having a maturity of more than one year from the date it was issued. Also
A debt for which payments will be required for a period of more than
Long Term Debt
Liability due in a year or more.
Indicator of financial leverage. Shows long-term debt as a proportion of the
Long-term debt ratio
The ratio of long-term debt to total capitalization.
Long-term debt to equity ratio
A capitalization ratio comparing long-term debt to shareholders' equity.
Long-term financial plan
Financial plan covering two or more years of future operations.
Amount owed for leases, bond repayment and other items due after 1 year.
Bills that are payable in more than one year, such as a mortgage or bonds.
Amounts owing after more than one year.
Longer-Term Fixed Assets
Assets having a useful life greater than one year but the duration of the 'long term' will vary with the context in which the term is applied.
A corporate debt instrument that is continuously offered to investors over a period of
Other long term liabilities
Value of leases, future employee benefits, deferred taxes and other obligations
predetermined overhead rate
an estimated constant charge per unit of activity used to assign overhead cost to production or services of the period; it is calculated by dividing total budgeted annual overhead at a selected level of volume or activity by that selected measure of volume or activity; it is also the standard overhead application rate
product life cycle
a model depicting the stages through
The length of time given a borrower by a lender to repay a debt and the frequency of principal payments which the borrower has to meet.
The time period during which inventory can be retained in stock and beyond
Shelf life control
Deliberate usage of the oldest items first, in order to avoid exceeding
Short-term financial plan
A financial plan that covers the coming fiscal year.
Short-term investment services
Services that assist firms in making short-term investments.
Short-term solvency ratios
Ratios used to judge the adequacy of liquid assets for meeting short-term
Short-term tax exempts
Short-term securities issued by states, municipalities, local housing agencies, and
Split Dollar Life Insurance
The split dollar concept is usually associated with cash value life insurance where there is a death benefit and an accumulation of cash value. The basic premise is the sharing of the costs and benefits of a life insurance policy by two or more parties. Usually one party owns and pays for the insurance protection and the other owns and pays for the cash accumulation. There is no single way to structure a split dollar arrangement. The possible structures are limited only by the imagination of the parties involved.
Temporary Life Insurance
Temporary insurance coverage is available at time of application for a life insurance policy if certain conditions are met. Normally, temporary coverage relates to free coverage while the insurance company which is underwriting the risk, goes through the process of deciding whether or not they will grant a contract of coverage. The qualifications for temporary coverage vary from insurance company to insurance company but generally applicants will qualify if they are between the ages of 18 and 65, have no knowledge or suspicions of ill health, have not been absent from work for more than 7 days within the prior 6 months because of sickness or injury and total coverage applied for from all sources does not exceed $500,000. Normally a cheque covering a minimum of one months premium is required to complete the conditions for this kind of coverage. The insurance company applies this deposit towards the cost of a policy at its issue date, which may be several weeks in the future.
See term to maturity.
This is usually the duration of a loan.
The period of time during which a financial contract – such as a GIC or a loan – is in force.
The time period during which a policy is in force, or the time it takes for a policy to reach maturity.
Often referred to as bullet-maturity bonds or simply bullet bonds, bonds whose principal is
An interest-earning bank deposit that cannot be withdrawn without penalty until a specific time.
Term Fed Funds
Fed Funds sold for a period of time longer than overnight.
Provides a death benefit only, no build-up of cash value.
A bank loan, typically with a floating interest rate, for a specified amount that matures in between
A secured loan made to business concerns for a specific period (normally three to ten years). It is repaid with interest, usually with periodical payments.
Excess of the yields to maturity on long-term bonds over those of short-term bonds.
A repurchase agreement with a term of more than one day.
A list of the major points of the proposed financing being offered by an investor.
The relationship between the yields on fixed-interest
Term Structure of Interest Rates
Relationship among interest rates on bonds with different terms to maturity.
Term to maturity
The time remaining on a bond's life, or the date on which the debt will cease to exist and
Term to Maturity
Period of time from the present to the redemption date of a bond.
A closed-end fund that has a fixed termination or maturity date.
Terminal Illness Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Coverage that provides a lump-sum payment should you become terminally ill. The payment is made to your creditors to pay off your debt owing.
The value of a bond at maturity, typically its par value, or the value of an asset (or an entire
Cease all legal obligations under a contract.
Additional pay due to an employee whose employment is
Terms of sale
Conditions on which a firm proposes to sell its goods services for cash or credit.
terms of sale
Credit, discount, and payment terms offered on a sale.
Terms of trade
The weighted average of a nation's export prices relative to its import prices.
Terms of Trade
The quantity of imports that can be obtained for a unit of exports, measured by the ratio of an export price index to an import price index.
A whole life insurance product whose investment component pays a competitive interest rate
An unbundled life product with a separate investment component. It typically does not participate in companies profits.
The estimated life span of a fixed asset, during which it can be expected to
Variable life insurance policy
A whole life insurance policy that provides a death benefit dependent on the
Weighted average life
Component that provides life coverage during the insured's life.
Whole life insurance
A contract with both insurance and investment components: (1) It pays off a stated
This term has two quite different meanings. First, it may
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