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Spot curve, spot yield curve |
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Definition of Spot curve, spot yield curveSpot curve, spot yield curveSee Zero curve.
Related Terms:Aggregate Demand CurveCombinations of the price level and income for which the goods and services market is in equilibrium, or for which both the goods and services market and the money market are in equilibrium. Aggregate Expenditure CurveAggregate demand for goods and services drawn as a function of the level of national income. Aggregate Supply CurveCombinations of price level and income for which the labor market is in equilibrium. The short-run aggregate supply curve incorporates information and price/wage inflexibilities in the labor market, whereas the long-run aggregate supply curve does not. Annual percentage yield (APY)The effective, or true, annual rate of return. The APY is the rate actually Bond equivalent yieldBond yield calculated on an annual percentage rate method. Differs from annual Bond-equivalent yieldThe annualized yield to maturity computed by doubling the semiannual yield. Bond Equivalent YieldBond yield calculated on an annual percentage rate method Capital gains yieldThe price change portion of a stock's return. Convenience yieldThe extra advantage that firms derive from holding the commodity rather than the future. Coupon equivalent yieldTrue interest cost expressed on the basis of a 365-day year. Current yieldFor bonds or notes, the coupon rate divided by the market price of the bond. current yieldAnnual coupon payments divided by bond price. Current YieldThe percentage return on a financial asset based on the current price of the asset, without reference to any expected change in the price of the asset. This contrasts with yield-to-maturity, for which the calculation includes expected price changes. See also yield. Devaluation A decrease in the spot price of the currency
Discount curveThe curve of discount rates vs. maturity dates for bonds. Dividend yield (Funds)Indicated yield represents return on a share of a mutual fund held over the past 12 dividend yield ratioCash dividends paid by a business over the most Dividend yield (Stocks)Indicated yield represents annual dividends divided by current stock price. Earnings yieldThe ratio of earnings per share after allowing for tax and interest payments on fixed interest Effective annual yieldAnnualized interest rate on a security computed using compound interest techniques. Effective Annual YieldAnnualized rate of return on a security computed using compound Equivalent bond yieldAnnual yield on a short-term, non-interest bearing security calculated so as to be Equivalent taxable yieldThe yield that must be offered on a taxable bond issue to give the same after-tax Flattening of the yield curveA change in the yield curve where the spread between the yield on a long-term High-yield bondSee:junk bond. Indicated yieldThe yield, based on the most recent quarterly rate times four. To determine the yield, divide Indifference curveThe graphical expression of a utility function, where the horizontal axis measures risk and J-curveTheory that says a country's trade deficit will initially worsen after its currency depreciates because labor yield variance(standard mix X actual hours X standard rate) - (standard mix X standard hours X standard rate); Laffer Curvecurve showing how tax receipts vary with the tax rate. learning curvea model that helps predict how labor time Liquid yield option note (LYON)Zero-coupon, callable, putable, convertible bond invented by Merrill Liquid yield option note (LYON)Zero-coupon, callable, putable, convertible bond invented by Merrill Lynch & Co. material yield variance(standard mix X actual quantity X standard price) - (standard mix X standard quantity X standard price); Non-parallel shift in the yield curveA shift in the yield curve in which yields do not change by the same Par yield curveThe yield curve of bonds selling at par, or face, value. Parallel shift in the yield curveA shift in the yield curve in which the change in the yield on all maturities is Phillips CurveRelationship between inflation and unemployment. process quality yieldthe proportion of good units that resulted from the activities expended Production yield varianceThe difference between the actual and budgeted proportions Pure yield pickup swapMoving to higher yield bonds. Realized compound yieldyield assuming that coupon payments are invested at the going market interest Relative yield spreadThe ratio of the yield spread to the yield level. Reoffering yieldIn a purchase and sale, the yield to maturity at which the underwriter offers to sell the bonds Required yieldGenerally referring to bonds, the yield required by the marketplace to match available returns Riding the yield curveBuying long-term bonds in anticipation of capital gains as yields fall with the SpotFor immediate payment and delivery, as opposed to future payment and delivery. Spot exchange ratesExchange rate on currency for immediate delivery. Related: forward exchange rate. Spot futures parity theoremDescribes the theoretically correct relationship between spot and futures prices. Spot interest rateInterest rate fixed today on a loan that is made today. Related: forward interest rates. Spot lendingThe origination of mortgages by processing applications taken directly from prospective borrowers. Spot marketsRelated: cash markets Spot monthThe nearest delivery month on a futures contract. Spot priceThe current marketprice of the actual physical commodity. Also called cash price. Spot rateThe theoretical yield on a zero-coupon Treasury security. Spot rateThe current interest rate appropriate for discounting a cash flow of Spot rate curveThe graphical depiction of the relationship between the spot rates and maturity. spot rate of exchangeExchange rate for an immediate transaction. Spot tradeThe purchase and sale of a foreign currency, commodity, or other item for immediate delivery. Steepening of the yield curveA change in the yield curve where the spread between the yield on a long-term Stopping curveA curve showing the refunding rates for different points in time at which the expected value Stopping curve refunding rateA refunding rate that falls on the stopping curve. Theoretical spot rate curveA curve derived from theoretical considerations as applied to the yields of Weighted average portfolio yieldThe weighted average of the yield of all the bonds in a portfolio. YieldThe percentage rate of return paid on a stock in the form of dividends, or the effective rate of interest yieldthe quantity of output that results from a specified input Yield a. Measure of return on an investment, stated as a percentage of price. YieldThe interest rate that makes the present value of a stream of future payments associated with an asset equal to the current price of that asset. Also called yield to maturity. See also current yield. Yield curveThe graphical depiction of the relationship between the yield on bonds of the same credit quality Yield CurveA graphical representation of the level of interest rates for Yield curveGraph of yields (vertical axis) of a particular type of security yield curveGraph of the relationship between time to maturity and yield to maturity. Yield curveA graph showing how the yield on bonds varies with time to maturity. Yield curve option-pricing modelsModels that can incorporate different volatility assumptions along the Yield curve strategiesPositioning a portfolio to capitalize on expected changes in the shape of the Treasury yield curve. Yield ratioThe quotient of two bond yields. yield ratiothe expected or actual relationship between input and output Yield spread strategiesStrategies that involve positioning a portfolio to capitalize on expected changes in Yield to callThe percentage rate of a bond or note, if you were to buy and hold the security until the call date. Yield to maturityThe percentage rate of return paid on a bond, note or other fixed income security if you Yield to MaturityThe measure of the average rate of return that will be earned on a Yield to maturityA measure of the average rate of return that will be earned yield to maturityInterest rate for which the present value of the bond’s payments equals the price. Yield to worstThe bond yield computed by using the lower of either the yield to maturity or the yield to call Zero curve, zero-coupon yield curveA yield curve for zero-coupon bonds; BootstrappingA process of creating a theoretical spot rate curve , using one yield projection as the basis for Forward rateA projection of future interest rates calculated from either the spot rates or the yield curve. Option-adjusted spread (OAS)1) The spread over an issuer's spot rate curve, developed as a measure of
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