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Definition of New money
In a Treasury auction, the amount by which the par value of the securities offered exceeds that of
An option is at-the-money if the strike price of the option is equal to the market price of the
Also called the broker loan rate , the interest rate that banks charge brokers to finance
money that moves across country borders in response to interest rate differences and that moves
A put option that has a strike price higher than the underlying futures price, or a call option
Composed of currency and coins outside the banking system plus liabilities to the deposit money banks.
Banks that raise most of their funds from the domestic and international money markets, relying less on depositors for funds.
Related: Investment management.
Related: Investment manager.
money markets are for borrowing and lending money for three years or less. The securities in
An account that pays interest based on short-term interest rates.
A mutual fund that invests only in short term securities, such as bankers' acceptances,
The use of borrowing and lending transactions in foreign currencies to lock in the
Publicly traded issues that may be collateralized by mortgages and MBSs.
A defined benefit contribution plan in which the participant contributes some part and
Annual money return as a percentage of asset value.
M1-A: Currency plus demand deposits
New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)
Also known as the Big Board or The Exhange. More than 2,00 common
The market in which a new issue of securities is first sold to investors.
A call option is out-of-the-money if the strike price is greater than the market price
Precautionary demand (for money)
The need to meet unexpected or extraordinary contingencies with a
Seasoned new issue
A new issue of stock after the company's securities have previously been issued. A
Speculative demand (for money)
The need for cash to take advantage of investment opportunities that may arise.
Time value of money
The idea that a dollar today is worth more than a dollar in the future, because the dollar
Transaction demand (for money)
The need to accommodate a firm's expected cash transactions.
A market that specializes in trading short-term, low-risk, very liquid
Market for short-term financial assets.
See money base.
Any item that serves as a medium of exchange, a store of value, and a unit of account. See medium of exchange.
Cash plus deposits of the commercial banks with the central bank.
A financial market in which short-term (maturity of less than a year) debt instruments such as bonds are traded.
Change in the money supply per change in the money base.
Money Rate of Interest
See interest rate, nominal.
Neutrality of Money
The doctrine that the money supply affects only the price level, with no long-run impact on real variables.
Economists who, like classical economists, believe that wages and prices are sufficiently flexible to solve the unemployment problem without help from government policy.
Economists who, like Keynes, believe that for good reason wages and prices are sticky and so prolong recessions, suggesting a need for government policy.
Sale of bonds by the government to the central bank.
Quantity Theory of Money
Theory that velocity is constant, and so a change in money supply will change nominal income by the same percentage. Formalized by the equation Mv = PQ.
Real Money Supply
money supply expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing the money supply by a price index.
Fiat money is paper currency made legal tender by law or fiat. It is not backed by gold or silver and is not necessarily redeemable in coin. This practice has had widespread use for about the last 70 years. If governments produce too much of it, there is a loss of confidence. Even so, governments print it routinely when they need it. The value of fiat money is dependent upon the performance of the economy of the country which issued it. Canada's currency falls into this category.
This is the process by which "dirty money" generated by criminal activities is converted through legitimate businesses into assets that cannot be easily traced back to their illegal origins.
Yearly Renewable Term Insurance
Sometimes, simply called YRT, this is a form of term life insurance that may be renewed annually without evidence of insurability to a stated age.
Financial market in which funds are borrowed or lent for short periods. (The money market is distinguished from the capital market, which is the market for long term funds.)
money market fund
A type of mutual fund that invests primarily in short-term debt securities maturing in one year or less. These include treasury bills, bankers’ acceptances, commercial paper, discount notes and guaranteed investment certficates.
A guaranteed form of payment in amounts up to and including $5,000. You might request a money order in order to pay for tuition fees at a university or a college, or for a magazine subscription.
A promise that a life insurance policy will be renewed without penalty or medical examination after the term has expired. The renewal rate can also be guaranteed.
A group of banks that acts jointly, on a temporary basis, to loan money in a bank credit (syndicated
money invested to finance a new firm.
Decreasing inflation by immediately decreasing the money growth rate to a new, low rate. Contrast with gradualism.
Commonly sold in the form of reducing term life insurance by lending institutions, this is life insurance with a death benefit reducing to zero over a specific period of time, usually 20 to 25 years. In most instances, the cost of coverage remains level, while the death benefit continues to decline. Re-stated, the cost of this kind of insurance is actually increasing since less death benefit is paid as the outstanding mortgage balance decreases while the cost remains the same. Lending institutions are the most popular sources for this kind of coverage because it is usually sold during the purchase of a new mortgage. The untrained institution mortgage sales person often gives the impression that this is the only place mortgage insurance can be purchased but it is more efficiently purchased at a lower cost and with more flexibility, directly from traditional life insurance companies. No matter where it is purchased, the reducing term insurance death benefit reduces over a set period of years. Most consumers are up-sizing their residences, not down-sizing, so it is likely that more coverage is required as years pass, rather than less coverage.
In October 1996 it was announced in the international news that scientists had finally located the link between cigarette smoking and lung cancer. In the early 1980's, some Canadian Life Insurance Companies had already started recognizing that non-smokers had a better life expectancy than smokers so commenced offering premium discounts for life insurance to new applicants who have been non-smokers for at least 12 months before applying for coverage. Today, most life insurance companies offer these discounts.
This is your payment for the cost of insurance. You may pay annually, semi-annually, quarterly or monthly. The least expensive method is annually. Using any of the other payment modes will cost you more money. For example, paying monthly will cost about 17% more. If you pay annually and terminate your coverage part way through the year, you may not receive a refund for the remaining months to the annual renewal date.
Registered Pension Plan
Commonly referred to as an RPP this is a tax sheltered employee group plan approved by Federal and Provincial governments allowing employees to have deductions made directly from their wages by their employer with a resulting reduction of income taxes at source. These plans are easy to implement but difficult to dissolve should the group have a change of heart. Employer contributions are usually a percentage of the employee's salary, typically from 3% to 5%, with a maximum of the lessor of 20% or $3,500 per annum. The employee has the same right of contribution. Vesting is generally set at 2 years, which means that the employee has right of ownership of both his/her and his/her employers contributions to the plan after 2 years. It also means that all contributions are locked in after 2 years and cannot be cashed in for use by the employee in a low income year. Should the employee change jobs, these funds can only be transferred to the RPP of a new employer or the funds can be transferred to an individual RRSP (or any number of RRSPs) but in either scenario, the funds are locked in and cannot be accessed until at least age 60. The only choices available to access locked in RPP funds after age 60 are the conversion to a Life Income Fund or a Unisex Annuity.
Registered Retirement Savings Plan (Canada)
Commonly referred to as an RRSP, this is a tax sheltered and tax deferred savings plan recognized by the Federal and Provincial tax authorities, whereby deposits are fully tax deductable in the year of deposit and fully taxable in the year of receipt. The ability to defer taxes on RRSP earnings allows one to save much faster than is ordinarily possible. The new rules which apply to RRSP's are that the holder of such a plan must convert it into income by the end of the year in which the holder turns age 69. The choices for conversion are to simply cash it in an pay full tax in the year of receipt, convert it to a RRIF and take a varying stream of income, paying tax on the amount received annually until the income is exhausted, or converting it into an annuity with guaranteed payments for a chosen number of years, again paying tax each year on moneys received.
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