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labor yield variance |
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Definition of labor yield variancelabor yield variance(standard mix X actual hours X standard rate) - (standard mix X standard hours X standard rate);
Related Terms:Annual percentage yield (APY)The effective, or true, annual rate of return. The APY is the rate actually Bond equivalent yieldBond yield calculated on an annual percentage rate method. Differs from annual Bond-equivalent yieldThe annualized yield to maturity computed by doubling the semiannual yield. Bond Equivalent YieldBond yield calculated on an annual percentage rate method budget variancethe difference between total actual overhead Capital gains yieldThe price change portion of a stock's return. controllable variancethe budget variance of the two variance approach to analyzing overhead variances Convenience yieldThe extra advantage that firms derive from holding the commodity rather than the future. Coupon equivalent yieldTrue interest cost expressed on the basis of a 365-day year. CovarianceA statistical measure of the degree to which random variables move together. CovarianceA measure of the degree to which returns on two assets move in Current yieldFor bonds or notes, the coupon rate divided by the market price of the bond. current yieldAnnual coupon payments divided by bond price. Current YieldThe percentage return on a financial asset based on the current price of the asset, without reference to any expected change in the price of the asset. This contrasts with yield-to-maturity, for which the calculation includes expected price changes. See also yield. direct laborthe time spent by individuals who work specifically Direct laborlabor that is specifically incurred to create a product. Direct materials mix varianceThe variance between the budgeted and actual mixes of Dividend yield (Funds)Indicated yield represents return on a share of a mutual fund held over the past 12 dividend yield ratioCash dividends paid by a business over the most Dividend yield (Stocks)Indicated yield represents annual dividends divided by current stock price. Earnings yieldThe ratio of earnings per share after allowing for tax and interest payments on fixed interest Effective annual yieldAnnualized interest rate on a security computed using compound interest techniques. Effective Annual YieldAnnualized rate of return on a security computed using compound Equivalent bond yieldAnnual yield on a short-term, non-interest bearing security calculated so as to be Equivalent taxable yieldThe yield that must be offered on a taxable bond issue to give the same after-tax Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938A federal Act creating standards of overtime fixed overhead spending variancethe difference between the total actual fixed overhead and budgeted fixed overhead; fixed overhead volume variancesee volume variance Flattening of the yield curveA change in the yield curve where the spread between the yield on a long-term High-yield bondSee:junk bond. Indicated yieldThe yield, based on the most recent quarterly rate times four. To determine the yield, divide Indirect laborThe cost of any labor that supports the production process, but which is labor efficiency variancethe number of hours actually worked minus the standard hours allowed for the production Labor efficiency varianceThe difference between the amount of time that was budgeted Labor ForceThose people employed plus those actively seeking work. Labor HoardingNot laying off redundant workers during a recession to ensure that skilled and experienced workers are available after the recession. labor mix variance(actual mix X actual hours X standard rate) - (standard mix X actual hours X standard rate); labor rate variancethe actual rate (or actual weighted average rate) paid to labor for the period minus the standard rate multiplied by all hours actually worked during the period; Labor rate varianceThe difference between the actual and standard direct labor rates Liquid yield option note (LYON)Zero-coupon, callable, putable, convertible bond invented by Merrill Liquid yield option note (LYON)Zero-coupon, callable, putable, convertible bond invented by Merrill Lynch & Co. material mix variance(actual mix X actual quantity X standard price) - (standard mix X actual quantity X standardprice); material price variancetotal actual cost of material purchased material quantity variance(actual quantity X standard price) - (standard quantity allowed standard price); material yield variance(standard mix X actual quantity X standard price) - (standard mix X standard quantity X standard price); Materials price varianceThe difference between the actual and budgeted cost to Materials quantity varianceThe difference between the actual and budgeted quantities Mean-variance analysisEvaluation of risky prospects based on the expected value and variance of possible outcomes. Mean-variance criterionThe selection of portfolios based on the means and variances of their returns. The Mean-variance efficient portfolioRelated: Markowitz efficient portfolio Minimum-variance frontierGraph of the lowest possible portfolio variance that is attainable for a given Minimum-variance portfolioThe portfolio of risky assets with lowest variance. Non-parallel shift in the yield curveA shift in the yield curve in which yields do not change by the same noncontrollable variancethe fixed overhead volume variance; overhead efficiency variancethe difference between total budgeted overhead at actual hours and total budgeted overhead spending variancethe difference between total actual overhead and total budgeted overhead at actual Par yield curveThe yield curve of bonds selling at par, or face, value. Parallel shift in the yield curveA shift in the yield curve in which the change in the yield on all maturities is Portfolio varianceWeighted sum of the covariance and variances of the assets in a portfolio. process quality yieldthe proportion of good units that resulted from the activities expended Production yield varianceThe difference between the actual and budgeted proportions Pure yield pickup swapMoving to higher yield bonds. Realized compound yieldyield assuming that coupon payments are invested at the going market interest Relative yield spreadThe ratio of the yield spread to the yield level. Reoffering yieldIn a purchase and sale, the yield to maturity at which the underwriter offers to sell the bonds Required yieldGenerally referring to bonds, the yield required by the marketplace to match available returns Riding the yield curveBuying long-term bonds in anticipation of capital gains as yields fall with the Selling price varianceThe difference between the actual and budgeted selling price for Serial covarianceThe covariance between a variable and the lagged value of the variable; the same as Spot curve, spot yield curveSee Zero curve. Steepening of the yield curveA change in the yield curve where the spread between the yield on a long-term total overhead variancethe difference between total actual overhead and total applied overhead; it is the amount of underapplied or overapplied overhead total variancethe difference between total actual cost incurred variable overhead efficiency variancethe difference between budgeted variable overhead based on actual input activity and variable overhead applied to production variable overhead spending variancethe difference between total actual variable overhead and the budgeted amount of variable overhead based on actual input activity VarianceA measure of dispersion of a set of data points around their mean value. The mathematical VarianceThe weighted average of the squared deviations from the variancea difference between an actual and a standard or VarianceThe dispersion of a variable. The square of the standard deviation. varianceAverage value of squared deviations from mean. A measure of volatility. Variance analysisA method of budgetary control that compares actual performance against plan, investigates the causes of the variance and takes corrective action to ensure that targets are achieved. variance analysisthe process of categorizing the nature (favorable or unfavorable) of the differences between standard and actual costs and determining the reasons for those differences Variance minimization approach to trackingAn approach to bond indexing that uses historical data to Variance ruleSpecifies the permitted minimum or maximum quantity of securities that can be delivered to volume variancea fixed overhead variance that represents Weighted average portfolio yieldThe weighted average of the yield of all the bonds in a portfolio. YieldThe percentage rate of return paid on a stock in the form of dividends, or the effective rate of interest yieldthe quantity of output that results from a specified input Yield a. Measure of return on an investment, stated as a percentage of price. YieldThe interest rate that makes the present value of a stream of future payments associated with an asset equal to the current price of that asset. Also called yield to maturity. See also current yield. Yield curveThe graphical depiction of the relationship between the yield on bonds of the same credit quality Yield CurveA graphical representation of the level of interest rates for Yield curveGraph of yields (vertical axis) of a particular type of security yield curveGraph of the relationship between time to maturity and yield to maturity. Yield curveA graph showing how the yield on bonds varies with time to maturity. Yield curve option-pricing modelsModels that can incorporate different volatility assumptions along the Yield curve strategiesPositioning a portfolio to capitalize on expected changes in the shape of the Treasury yield curve. Yield ratioThe quotient of two bond yields. yield ratiothe expected or actual relationship between input and output
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