Financial Terms Aggregate Production Function

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# Definition of Aggregate Production Function

## Aggregate Production Function

An equation determining aggregate output as a function of aggregate inputs such as labor and capital.

# Related Terms:

## Probability density function

The probability function for a continuous random variable.

## Probability function

A function that assigns a probability to each and every possible outcome.

## Production payment financing

A method of nonrecourse asset-based financing in which a specified
percentage of revenue realized from the sale of the project's output is used to pay debt service.

## Production-flow commitment

An agreement by the loan purchaser to allow the monthly loan quota to be
delivered in batches.

## Utility function

A mathematical expression that assigns a value to all possible choices. In portfolio theory the
utility function expresses the preferences of economic entities with respect to perceived risk and expected return.

## UNITS OF PRODUCTION

A depreciation method that relates a machine’s depreciation to the number of units it makes each
accounting period. The method requires that someone record the machine’s output each year.

A general term referring to period costs, such as selling, administration and financial expenses.

A general term referring to indirect costs.

## cost of production report

a process costing document that
details all operating and cost information, shows the computation
of cost per equivalent unit, and indicates cost assignment
to goods produced during the period

## economic production run (EPR)

an estimate of the number
of units to produce at one time that minimizes the total
costs of setting up production runs and carrying inventory

## equivalent units of production (EUP)

an approximation of the number of whole units of output that could have been
produced during a period from the actual effort expended
during that period; used in process costing systems to assign
costs to production

## functional classification

a separation of costs into groups based on the similar reason for their incurrence; it includes
cost of goods sold and detailed selling and administrative
expenses

## objective function

the linear mathematical equation that
states the purpose of a linear programming problem

## Production yield variance

The difference between the actual and budgeted proportions
of product resulting from a production process, multiplied by the standard unit cost.

## Aggregate Demand

Total quantity of goods and services demanded.

## Aggregate Demand Curve

Combinations of the price level and income for which the goods and services market is in equilibrium, or for which both the goods and services market and the money market are in equilibrium.

## Aggregate Expenditure Curve

aggregate demand for goods and services drawn as a function of the level of national income.

## Aggregate Supply

Total quantity of goods and services supplied.

## Aggregate Supply Curve

Combinations of price level and income for which the labor market is in equilibrium. The short-run aggregate supply curve incorporates information and price/wage inflexibilities in the labor market, whereas the long-run aggregate supply curve does not.

## Consumption Function

The relationship between consumption demand and disposable income. More generally, it refers to the relationship between consumption demand and all factors that affect this demand.

## Factor of Production

A resource used to produce a good or service. The main macroeconomic factors of production are capital and labor.

## Monetary Aggregate

Any measure of the economy's money supply.

## Aggregate planning

A budgeting process using summary-level information to
derive various budget models, usually at the product family level.

## Lean production

The technique of stripping all non-value-added activities from
the production process, thereby using the minimum possible amount of resources
to accomplish manufacturing goals.

## Process flow production

A production configuration in which products are continually
manufactured with minimal pauses or queuing.

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