|Permanent Income Hypothesis|
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Definition of Permanent Income Hypothesis
Permanent Income Hypothesis
Theory that individuals base current consumption spending on their perceived long-run average income rather than their current income.
Belief that an effort to keep unemployment below its natural rate results in an accelerating inflation.
income that has been earned but not yet received. For instance, if you have a non-registered Guaranteed Investment Certificate (GIC), Mutual Fund or Segregated Equity Fund, growth accrues annually or semi-annually and is taxable annually even though the gain is only paid at maturity of your investment.
Cumulative gains or losses reported in shareholders'
Operations Reported income from continuing operations
Pretax income reported on the income statement.
Adjusted cash flow provided by continuing operations
income statement that presents items as a percentage of revenues.
That portion of the total income tax provision that is based on
That portion of the total income tax provision that is the result
income less income tax.
income that a company receives in the form of dividends on stock in other companies that it holds.
Earned income is generally an individual's salary or wages from employment. It also includes some taxable benefits. Earned income also includes business income if the individual is self-employed. Earned income is used as the basis for calculating RRSP maximum contribution limits.
A measure of profit that
Cash flow plus change in present value.
In general the hypothesis states that all relevant information is fully and
Efficient Markets Hypothesis
The hypothesis that securities are typically in equilibrium--that they are fairly priced in the sense that the price reflects all publicly available information on the security.
Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA)
A federal Act that sets minimum operational and funding standards for employee benefit
Expectations hypothesis theories
Theories of the term structure of interest rates which include the pure
Also called a busted convertible, a convertible security that is trading like a straight
Assets that pay a fixed-dollar amount, such as bonds and preferred stock.
The market for trading bonds and preferred stock.
A security that pays a specified cash flow over a
Net earnings after all expenses for an accounting period are subtracted from all
One who receives income from a trust.
A bond on which the payment of interest is contingent on sufficient earnings. These bonds are
Income from Continuing Operations
After-tax net income before discontinued operations,
A mutual fund providing for liberal current income from investments.
Mutual funds that seek regular income. This type of fund invests primarily in government, corporate and other types of bonds, debt securities, and other income producing securities and in certain circumstances can also hold common and preferred shares.
A form of earnings management designed to remove peaks and valleys
This is a tax planning strategy of arranging for income to be transferred to family members who are in lower tax brackets than the one earning the income, thus reducing taxes. Even though attribution rules limit income splitting, there are still a number of legitimate ways to do so, such as through the use of spousal RRSPs.
An accounting statement that summarizes information about a company in the following format:
One of the basic financial statements; it lists the revenue and expense accounts of the company.
Financial statement that summarizes sales revenue
A financial report that summarizes a company’s revenue, cost of
Financial statement that shows the revenues, expenses, and net income of a firm over a period of time.
Income statement (statement of operations)
A statement showing the revenues, expenses, and income (the
A financial statement that displays a breakdown of total sales and total expenses.
Common stock with a high dividend yield and few profitable investment opportunities.
What the business paid to the IRS.
A government tax on the income earned by an individual or corporation.
Income Tax Expense
See income tax provision.
Income Tax Provision
The expense deduction from pretax book income reported on the
A policy designed to lower inflation without reducing aggregate demand. Wage/price controls are an example.
income that a company receives in the form of interest, usually as the result of keeping money in interest-bearing accounts at financial institutions and the lending of money to other companies.
The revenue from a portfolio of invested assets.
Life Income Fund
Commonly known as a LIF, this is one of the options available to locked in Registered Pension Plan (RPP) holders for income payout as opposed to Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) holders choice of payout through Registered Retirement income Funds (RRIF). A LIF must be converted to a unisex annuity by the time the holder reaches age 80.
Liquidity preference hypothesis
The argument that greater liquidity is valuable, all else equal. Also, the
Monthly income preferred security (MIP)
Preferred stock issued by a subsidiary located in a tax haven.
GDP with some adjustments to remove items that do not make it into anyone's hands as income, such as indirect taxes and depreciation. Loosely speaking, it is interpreted as being equal to GDP.
National Income and Product Accounts
The national accounting system that records economic activity such as GDP and related measures.
The company's total earnings, reflecting revenues adjusted for costs of doing business,
The profit a company makes after cost of goods sold, expenses, and taxes are subtracted from net sales.
The last line of the income Statement; it represents the amount that the company earned during a specified period.
The excess of revenues over expenses, including the impact of income taxes.
net income (also called the bottom line, earnings, net earnings, and net
The net income of a business, less the impact of any financial activity,
A measure of results produced by the core operations of a firm. It is common
The supposition that investors overreact to unanticipated news, resulting in
The accounts found on the Balance Sheet; these account balances are carried forward for the lifetime of the company.
Financing needed for the normal operation of a business, that is long term capital and working capital.
RATIO OF NET INCOME TO NET SALES
A ratio that shows how much net income (profit) a company made on each dollar of net sales. Here’s the formula:
RATIO OF NET SALES TO NET INCOME
A ratio that shows how much a company had to collect in net sales to make a dollar of profit. Figure it this way:
income expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing nominal income by a price index.
Registered Retirement Income Fund (Canada)
Commonly referred to as a RRIF, this is one of the options available to RRSP holders to convert their tax sheltered savings into taxable income.
the profit earned by a responsibility center that exceeds an amount "charged" for funds committed to that center
Also called economic value added. Profit minus cost of capital employed.
Residual income (RI)
The profit remaining after deducting from profit a notional cost of capital on the investment in a business or division of a business.
Also called margin income, the difference between income and cost. For a depository
current compensation that is taxed at a future date
current compensation that is never taxed
Tax-Related Incomes Policy (TIP)
Tax incentives for labor and business to induce them to conform to wage/price guidelines.
Gross income less a set of deductions.
income subject to income tax as reported on the tax return.
For an insurance company, the difference between the premiums earned and the costs
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