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Definition of Mortgage Insurance
Commonly sold in the form of reducing term life insurance by lending institutions, this is life insurance with a death benefit reducing to zero over a specific period of time, usually 20 to 25 years. In most instances, the cost of coverage remains level, while the death benefit continues to decline. Re-stated, the cost of this kind of insurance is actually increasing since less death benefit is paid as the outstanding mortgage balance decreases while the cost remains the same. Lending institutions are the most popular sources for this kind of coverage because it is usually sold during the purchase of a new mortgage. The untrained institution mortgage sales person often gives the impression that this is the only place mortgage insurance can be purchased but it is more efficiently purchased at a lower cost and with more flexibility, directly from traditional life insurance companies. No matter where it is purchased, the reducing term insurance death benefit reduces over a set period of years. Most consumers are up-sizing their residences, not down-sizing, so it is likely that more coverage is required as years pass, rather than less coverage.
An agreement between a creditor and a borrower, where the creditor has loaned an amount to the borrower for purposes of purchasing a loan secured by a home.
Decreasing term life insurance that provides a death benefit amount corresponding to the decreasing amount owed on a mortgage.
This is a very common form of life insurance which is found in employee benefit plans and bank mortgage insurance. In employee benefit plans the form of this insurance is usually one year renewable term insurance. The cost of this coverage is based on the average age of everyone in the group. Therefore a group of young people would have inexpensive rates and an older group would have more expensive rates.
Provides additional financial security should an insured person be dismembered or lose the use of a limb as the result of an accident.
Variations of mortgage instruments such as adjustable-rate and variablerate
Refers to the reduction of debt by regular payments of interest and principal in order to pay off a loan by maturity.
The person or party designated to receive proceeds entitled by a benefit. Payment of a benefit is triggered by an event. In the case of credit insurance, the beneficiary will always be the creditor.
A consumer who borrows money from a lender.
Better known as CDIC, this is an organization which insures qualifying deposits and GICs at savings institutions, mainly banks and trust companys, which belong to the CDIC for amounts up to $60,000 and for terms of up to five years. Many types of deposits are not insured, such as mortgage-backed deposits, annuities of duration of more than five years, and mutual funds.
An association of most of the life and health insurance companies in Canada that conducts research and compiles information about the life and health insurance industry in Canada.
insurance or insurability provided on current or future children of insured.
mortgage against which no additional debt may be issued.
In medical insurance, the insured person and the insurer sometimes share the cost of services under a policy in a specified ratio, for example 80% by the insurer and 20% by the insured. By this means, the cost of coverage to the insured is reduced.
Refers to the fact that the merger of two firms decreases the probability of default on
A security backed by a pool of pass-throughs , structured so that
Commercial Business Loan (Credit Insurance)
An agreement between a creditor and a borrower, where the creditor has loaned an amount to the borrower for business purposes.
A loan made on real estate collateral, other than a residential property, in which a mortgage is given to secure payment of principal and interest.
A loan based on the credit of the borrower and on the collateral for the mortgage.
Cost of Insurance
The cost of insuring a particular individual under the policy. It is based on the amount of coverage, as well as the underwriting class, age, sex and tobacco consumption of that individual.
Creditor (Credit Insurance)
A lender or lending institution that offers financing and loans to a borrower, for the purpose of acquiring a commodity.
Critical Illness Insurance
Coverage that provides a lump-sum payment should you be diagnosed with a critical illness and survive a pre-determined period of time. There are no restrictions on how you use your benefit.
Critical Illness Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Coverage that provides a lump-sum payment should you become seriously ill with a specified illness. The payment is made to your creditors to pay off your debt owing.
Dead Peasants Insurance
Also known as "Dead Janitors insurance", this is the practice, where allowed, in several U.S. states, of numerous well known large American Corporations taking out corporate owned life insurance policies on millions of their regular employees, often without the knowledge or consent of those employees. Corporations profiting from the deaths of their employees [and sometimes ex-employees] have attracted adverse publicity because ultimate death benefits are seldom, even partially passed down to surviving families.
Debt (Credit Insurance)
Money, goods or services that someone is obligated to pay someone else in accordance with an expressed or implied agreement. Debt may or may not be secured.
insurance that pays you an ongoing income if you become disabled and are unable to pursue employment or business activities. There are limits to how much you can receive based on your pre-disability earnings. Rates will vary based on occupational duties and length of time in a particular industry. This kind of coverage has a waiting period before you can begin collecting benefits, usually 30, 60 or 90 days. The benefit paying period also varies from 2 years to age 65. A short waiting period will cost more that a longer waiting period. As well, a long benefit paying period will cost more than a short benefit paying period.
Disability Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Group insurance designed to cover monthly obligations due to a borrower being unable to work due to sickness or injury.
Life insurance or annuity product in which the cash value and benefit level fluctuate according to the performance of an equity portfolio.
Errors and Omissions Insurance
insurance coverage purchased by the agent/broker which provides protection against loss incurred by a client because of some negligent act, error, oversight, or omission by the agent/broker.
Export Credit Insurance
The granting of insurance to cover the commercial and political risks of selling in foreign markets.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
A federal institution that insures bank deposits.
Federal Insurance Contributions Act of 1935 (FICA)
A federal Act authorizing the government to collect Social Security and Medicare payroll taxes.
Freddie Mac (Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation)
A Congressionally chartered corporation that
GEMs (growing-equity mortgages)
mortgages in which annual increases in monthly payments are used to
GMCs (guaranteed mortgage certificates)
First issued by Freddie Mac in 1975, GMCs, like PCs, represent
Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae)
A wholly owned U.S. government corporation
Graduated-payment mortgages (GPMs)
A type of stepped-payment loan in which the borrower's payments
Guaranteed insurance contract
A contract promising a stated nominal interest rate over some specific time
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA)
A federal Act expanding upon many of the insurance reforms created by
insurance that is offered to individuals rather than groups.
In Canada, a general statute that contains most of the insurance law of a common law province, and regulates the conduct of insurers and insurance agents within the province.
A firm licensed to sell insurance to the public.
Insurance Policy (Credit Insurance)
A policy under which the insurance company promises to pay a benefit of the person who is insured.
The law of averages. The average outcome for many independent trials of an experiment
An insured mortgage protects only the mortgage lender in case you do not make your mortgage payments. This coverage is provided by CMHC [Canada mortgage and Housing Corporation] and is required if a person has a high-ratio mortgage. [A mortgage is high-ratio if the amount borrowed is more than 75% of the purchase price or appraised value, whichever is less.]
Job Loss Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Coverage that can pay down your debt should you become involuntarily unemployed. The payment is made to your creditors to reduce your debt owing.
Lease (Credit Insurance)
Contract granting use of real estate, equipment or other fixed assets for a specified period of time in exchange for payment. The owner or a leased property is the lessor and the user the lessee.
Lender (Credit Insurance)
Individual or firm that extends money to a borrower with the expectation of being repaid, usually with interest. Lenders create debt in the form of loans. Lenders include financial institutions, leasing companies government lending agencies and automobile dealers.
Level Premium Life Insurance
This is a type of insurance for which the cost is distributed evenly over the premium payment period. The premium remains the same from year to year and is more than actual cost of protection in the earlier years of the policy and less than the actual cost of protection in the later years. The excess paid in the early years builds up a reserve to cover the higher cost in the later years.
insurance that provides protection against an economic loss caused by death of the person insured.
Life Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Group Term life insurance that pays or reduces the balance due on a loan if the borrower dies before the loan is repaid.
A loan secured by the collateral of some specified real estate property which obliges the borrower
Debt instrument by which the borrower (mortgagor) gives the lender (mortgagee) a lien on property as security for the repayment of a loan.
Securities backed by a pool of mortgage loans.
Mortgage-Backed Securities Clearing Corporation
A wholly owned subsidiary of the Midwest Stock
A bond in which the issuer has granted the bondholders a lien against the pledged assets.
A modification of standard duration to account for the impact on duration of MBSs of
Mortgage pass-through security
Also called a passthrough, a security created when one or more mortgage
The period from the taking of applications from prospective mortgage borrowers to the
The risk associated with taking applications from prospective mortgage borrowers
The interest rate on a mortgage loan.
The lender of a loan secured by property.
The borrower of a loan secured by property.
mortgage against which additional debts may be issued. Related: closed-end mortgage.
Personal Line of credit (Credit Insurance)
A bank's commitment to make loans to a borrower up to a specified maximum during a specific period, usually one year.
A strategy using a leveraged portfolio in the underlying stock to create a synthetic put
Pre-existing medical condition (Credit Insurance)
A medical condition that existed before you became insured. Most policies exclude benefits if the condition is related to the event that triggers a claim if occurs within a certain period (6-12 months) after you became insured.
Premium (Credit Insurance)
Annual or monthly amounts payable, by a client, for a selected insurance coverage to insure debt obligations to their creditors are protected.
RAMs (Reverse-annuity mortgages)
mortgages in which the bank makes a loan for an amount equal to a
Refinancing (Credit Insurance)
Extending the maturity date or increasing the amount of existing debt or both. Also, revising a payment schedule, usually to reduce the monthly payments and often to modify interest charges.
Process in which the risk of potential loss is shared between two or more insurers.
REMIC (real estate mortgage investment conduit)
A pass-through tax entity that can hold mortgages
Split Dollar Life Insurance
The split dollar concept is usually associated with cash value life insurance where there is a death benefit and an accumulation of cash value. The basic premise is the sharing of the costs and benefits of a life insurance policy by two or more parties. Usually one party owns and pays for the insurance protection and the other owns and pays for the cash accumulation. There is no single way to structure a split dollar arrangement. The possible structures are limited only by the imagination of the parties involved.
Strike Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Coverage that can pay down your debt should you become unemployed due to a legal strike in your place of work. The payment is made to your creditors to reduce your debt owing.
Strip mortgage participation certificate (strip PC)
Ownership interests in specified mortgages purchased
Stripped mortgage-backed securities (SMBSs)
Securities that redistribute the cash flows from the
Temporary Life Insurance
Temporary insurance coverage is available at time of application for a life insurance policy if certain conditions are met. Normally, temporary coverage relates to free coverage while the insurance company which is underwriting the risk, goes through the process of deciding whether or not they will grant a contract of coverage. The qualifications for temporary coverage vary from insurance company to insurance company but generally applicants will qualify if they are between the ages of 18 and 65, have no knowledge or suspicions of ill health, have not been absent from work for more than 7 days within the prior 6 months because of sickness or injury and total coverage applied for from all sources does not exceed $500,000. Normally a cheque covering a minimum of one months premium is required to complete the conditions for this kind of coverage. The insurance company applies this deposit towards the cost of a policy at its issue date, which may be several weeks in the future.
Provides a death benefit only, no build-up of cash value.
Term life insurance
A contract that provides a death benefit but no cash build-up or investment component.
Term Life Insurance
A plan of insurance which covers the insured for only a certain period of time and not necessarily for his or her entire life. The policy pays a death benefit only if the insured dies during the term.
Terminal Illness Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Coverage that provides a lump-sum payment should you become terminally ill. The payment is made to your creditors to pay off your debt owing.
A program in which workers and firms pay contributions and workers collect benefits if they become unemployed.
Variable life insurance policy
A whole life insurance policy that provides a death benefit dependent on the
Waiting Period (Credit Insurance)
A specific time that must pass following the onset of a covered disability before any benefits will be paid under a creditor disability policy. (Also known as an elimination period).
Whole life insurance
A contract with both insurance and investment components: (1) It pays off a stated
Wholesale mortgage banking
The purchasing of loans originated by others, with the servicing rights
Yearly Renewable Term Insurance
Sometimes, simply called YRT, this is a form of term life insurance that may be renewed annually without evidence of insurability to a stated age.
A system where funds are electronically debited from your account on a specified date by a financial institution (e.g., bill, mortgage or personal loan payments) or perhaps an insurance or an utility company.
Sometimes called seg funds, segregated funds are the life insurance industry equivalent to a mutual fund with some differences.The term "Mutual Fund" is often used generically, to cover a wide variety of funds where the investment capital from a large number of investors is "pooled" together and invested into specific stocks, bonds, mortgages, etc.
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