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Cash Flow–to–Income Ratio (CFI)
Adjusted cash flow provided by continuing operations
Capital rationing that under certain circumstances can be violated or even viewed
Clause causing repayment of a debt, if specified events occur or are not met.
Belief that an effort to keep unemployment below its natural rate results in an accelerating inflation.
A ratio computed by dividing annual
income that has been earned but not yet received. For instance, if you have a non-registered Guaranteed Investment Certificate (GIC), Mutual Fund or Segregated Equity Fund, growth accrues annually or semi-annually and is taxable annually even though the gain is only paid at maturity of your investment.
Cumulative gains or losses reported in shareholders'
Also called the quick ratio, the ratio of current assets minus inventories, accruals, and prepaid
A ratio that shows how well a company could pay its current debts using only its most liquid or “quick” assets. It’s a more pessimistic—but also realistic—measure of safety than the current ratio, because it ignores sluggish, hard-toliquidate current assets like inventory and notes receivable. Here’s the formula:
See quick ratio
The sum of cash, accounts receivable, and short-term marketable
cash flow provided by operating
Operations Reported income from continuing operations
The signal-to-noise ratio of an analyst's forecasts. The ratio of alpha to residual standard
Legal document establishing a corporation and its structure and purpose.
ratios that measure how effectively the firm is managing its assets.
The ratio of total assets to stockholder equity.
asset turnover ratio
A broad-gauge ratio computed by dividing annual
Basic Earnings Power Ratio
Percentage of earnings relative to total assets; indication of how
Benefit Ratio Method
The proportion of unemployment benefits paid to a company’s
Benefit Wage Ratio Method
The proportion of total taxable wages for laid off
Pretax income reported on the income statement.
Canadian Deposit Insurance Corporation
Better known as CDIC, this is an organization which insures qualifying deposits and GICs at savings institutions, mainly banks and trust companys, which belong to the CDIC for amounts up to $60,000 and for terms of up to five years. Many types of deposits are not insured, such as mortgage-backed deposits, annuities of duration of more than five years, and mutual funds.
Purchase by foreigners of our assets (capital inflows) or our purchase of foreign assets (capital outflows).
Placing one or more limits on the amount of new investment undertaken by a firm, either
a condition that exists when there is an
Limit set on the amount of funds available for investment.
Also called financial leverage ratios, these ratios compare debt to total capitalization
The value of assets that can be converted into cash immediately, as reported by a company. Usually
Amounts held in currency and coin (commonly referred to as petty cash) and amounts on deposit in financial institutions.
Currency, coin, and funds on deposit that are available for immediate withdrawal without
A method of accounting in which profit is calculated as the difference between income
Cash and carry
Purchase of a security and simultaneous sale of a future, with the balance being financed
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
The balance in a company’s checking account(s) plus short-term or temporary investments (sometimes called “marketable securities”), which are highly liquid.
Cash and equivalents
The value of assets that can be converted into cash immediately, as reported by a
A forecasted summary of a firm's expected cash inflows and cash outflows as well as its
cash burn rate
A relatively recent term that refers to how fast a business
The actual physical commodity, as distinguished from a futures contract.
Cash conversion cycle
The length of time between a firm's purchase of inventory and the receipt of cash
cash conversion cycle
Period between firm’s payment for materials
The amount of cash expended.
A company that pays out all earnings per share to stockholders as dividends. Or, a company or
Business that produces a lot of cash but few growth prospects.
In general, the time between cash disbursement and cash collection. In net working capital
The length of time between a purchase of materials and collection of accounts receivable generated by the sale of the products made from the materials.
Cash deficiency agreement
An agreement to invest cash in a project to the extent required to cover any cash
The provision of some futures contracts that requires not delivery of underlying assets but
An incentive offered to purchasers of a firm's product for payment within a specified time
A dividend paid in cash to a company's shareholders. The amount is normally based on
Payment of cash by the firm to its shareholders.
A short-term security that is sufficiently liquid that it may be considered the financial
Temporary investments of currently excess cash in short-term, high-quality
Highly liquid, fixed-income investments with original maturities of three months or less.
Instruments or investments of such high liquidity and safety that they are virtually equal to cash.
In investments, it represents earnings before depreciation , amortization and non-cash charges.
An obvious but at the same time elusive term that refers to cash
the receipt or disbursement of cash; when related
cash received and paid over time.
In investments, NET income plus DEPRECIATION and other noncash charges. In this sense, it is synonymous with cash EARNINGS. Investors focus on cash flow from operations because of their concern with a firm's ability to pay dividends.
Cash flow after interest and taxes
Net income plus depreciation.
Cash-flow break-even point
The point below which the firm will need either to obtain additional financing
Cash flow coverage ratio
The number of times that financial obligations (for interest, principal payments,
Cash Flow Forecast
An estimate of the timing and amount of a company's inflows and outflows of money measured over a specific period of time typically monthly for one to two years then annually for an additional one to three years.
cash flow from operating activities, or cash flow from profit
This equals the cash inflow from sales during the period minus the cash
Cash flow from operations
A firm's net cash inflow resulting directly from its regular operations
Cash flow matching
Also called dedicating a portfolio, this is an alternative to multiperiod immunization in
Cash flow per common share
cash flow from operations minus preferred stock dividends, divided by the
Cash Flow Provided by Operating Activities
With some exceptions, the cash effects of transactions
Cash Flow Provided or Used from Financing Activities
cash receipts and payments involving
Cash Flow Provided or Used from Investing Activities
cash receipts and payments involving
A statement that shows where a company’s cash came from and where it went for a period of time, such as a year.
Cash Flow statement
A financial report that shows the movement in cash for a business during an accounting period.
Cash flow time-line
Line depicting the operating activities and cash flows for a firm over a particular period.
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
A section on the cash-flow statement that shows how much cash a company raised by selling stocks or bonds this year and how much was paid out for cash dividends and other finance-related obligations.
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
A section on the cashflow statement that shows how much cash came in and went out because of various investing activities like purchasing machinery.
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATIONS
A section on the cash-flow Stockholders’ equity statement that shows how much cash came into a company and how much went out during the normal course of business.
Cash management bill
Very short maturity bills that the Treasury occasionally sells because its cash
Also called spot markets, these are markets that involve the immediate delivery of a security
A public equity issue that is sold to all interested investors.
The proportion of a firm's assets held as cash.
ratio of cash and cash equivalents to liabilities; in the case of a bank, the ratio of cash to total deposit liabilities.
Cash receipts journal
A journal used to record the transactions that result in a debit to cash.
Cash settlement contracts
Futures contracts, such as stock index futures, that settle for cash, not involving
An amount the insurance company will pay if the policyholder ends a whole life
Cash Surrender Value
This is the amount available to the owner of a life insurance policy upon voluntary termination of the policy before it becomes payable by the death of the life insured. This does not apply to term insurance but only to those policies which have reduced paid up values and cash surrender values. A cash surrender in lieu of death benefit usually has tax implications.
Cash Surrender Value
Benefit that entitles a policy owner to an amount of money upon cancellation of a policy.
A transaction where exchange is immediate, as contrasted to a forward contract, which
The number of cash cycles completed in one year.
Cash value added (CVA)
A method of investment appraisal that calculates the ratio of the net present value of an
Refers to a situation where a firm runs out of cash and cannot readily sell marketable securities.
income payments to factors of production are spent to buy output. The receipts from these sales are used to pay factors of production, creating a circular flow of income.
common-size income statement
income statement that presents items as a percentage of revenues.
Common stock ratios
ratios that are designed to measure the relative claims of stockholders to earnings
A single centralized account into which funds collected at regional locations
System whereby customers make payments to a regional collection center which transfers funds to
Movement of cash from different lockbox locations into a single concentration
A review of all engineering documentation used as the basis
Verifying that a delivered product matches authorizing
contribution margin ratio
the proportion of each revenue dollar remaining after variable costs have been covered;
Controlled foreign corporation (CFC)
A foreign corporation whose voting stock is more than 50% owned
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