Financial Terms break-even point (BEP)

# Definition of break-even point (BEP)

## break-even point (BEP)

the level of activity, in units or dollars, at which total revenues equal total costs

# Related Terms:

## Basis point

In the bond market, the smallest measure used for quoting yields is a basis point. Each percentage
point of yield in bonds equals 100 basis points. Basis points also are used for interest rates. An interest rate of
5% is 50 basis points greater than an interest rate of 4.5%.

## Basis Point

One one-hundredth of one percent

## Basis point

One hundredth of one percentage point, or 0.0001.

## Basis Point

One one-hundredth of a percentage point, used to express variations in yields. For example, the difference between 5.36 percent and 5.38 percent is 2 basis points.

## Bond points

A conventional unit of measure for bond prices set at \$10 and equivalent to 1% of the \$100 face
value of the bond. A price of 80 means that the bond is selling at 80% of its face, or par value.

## Break

A rapid and sharp price decline.

## Break-Even

This is a term used to describe a point at which revenues equal costs.

## Break-even analysis

An analysis of the level of sales at which a project would make zero profit.

## break-even analysis

Analysis of the level of sales at which the company breaks even.

## Break-Even Analysis

An analytical technique for studying the relationships between fixed cost, variable cost, and profits. A breakeven chart graphically depicts the nature of breakeven analysis. The breakeven point represents the volume of sales at which total costs equal total revenues (that is, profits equal zero).

## break-even chart

a graph that depicts the relationships among revenues, variable costs, fixed costs, and profits (or losses)

## Break-even lease payment

The lease payment at which a party to a prospective lease is indifferent between
entering and not entering into the lease arrangement.

## Break-even payment rate

The prepayment rate of a MBS coupon that will produce the same CFY as that of
a predetermined benchmark MBS coupon. Used to identify for coupons higher than the benchmark coupon
the prepayment rate that will produce the same CFY as that of the benchmark coupon; and for coupons lower
than the benchmark coupon the lowest prepayment rate that will do so.

## Break-even tax rate

The tax rate at which a party to a prospective transaction is indifferent between entering
into and not entering into the transaction.

## Breakeven point

The point at which total costs equal total revenue, i.e. where there is neither a profit nor a loss.

## breakeven point

The annual sales volume level at which total contribution
margin equals total annual fixed expenses. The breakeven point is only a
point of reference, not the goal of a business, of course. It is computed by
dividing total fixed expenses by unit margin. The breakeven point is
quite useful in analyzing profit behavior and operating leverage. Also, it
gives manager a good point of reference for setting sales goals and
understanding the consequences of incurring fixed costs for a period.

## Breakeven point

The sales level at which a company, division, or product line makes a
profit of exactly zero, and is computed by dividing all fixed costs by the average
gross margin percentage.

## Breakout

A rise in a security's price above a resistance level (commonly its previous high price) or drop
below a level of support (commonly the former lowest price.) A breakout is taken to signify a continuing
move in the same direction. Can be used by technical analysts as a buy or sell indicator.

## Cash-flow break-even point

The point below which the firm will need either to obtain additional financing
or to liquidate some of its assets to meet its fixed costs.

## Deal Breaker

A deal breaker is a significant issue relating to the proposed financing between the prospective investor and the entrepreneur that needs to be resolved in order to close the deal.

## Delivery points

Those points designated by futures exchanges at which the financial instrument or
commodity covered by a futures contract may be delivered in fulfillment of such contract.

## Evening up

Buying or selling to offset an existing market position.

## Event risk

The risk that the ability of an issuer to make interest and principal payments will change because
of rare, discontinuous, and very large, unanticipated changes in the market environment such as (1) a natural
or industrial accident or some regulatory change or (2) a takeover or corporate restructuring.

## Event study

A statistical study that examines how the release of information affects prices at a particular time.

## Events of default

Contractually specified events that allow lenders to demand immediate repayment of a debt.

## Fictitious Revenue

Revenue recognized on a nonexistent sale or service transaction.

## Free-on-Board (FOB) Shipping Point

A shipping arrangement agreed to between buyer and
seller where title to the goods sold passes when the goods in question are delivered to a common
carrier. When goods are shipped FOB shipping point, revenue is properly recognized when the
goods are delivered to the common carrier.

## Group of seven (G7/G-7)

The G-5 countries plus Canada and Italy.

## incremental revenue

the revenue resulting from an additional contemplated sale

## Industrial revenue bond (IRB)

Bond issued by local government agencies on behalf of corporations.

## Internal Revenue Code

Refers to all federal tax laws as a group.

## Internal Revenue Service

A federal agency empowered by Congress to interpret and enforce tax-related laws.

## NET SALES (revenue)

The amount sold after customers’ returns, sales discounts, and other allowances are taken away from
gross sales. (Companies usually just show the net sales amount on their income statements, omitting returns, allowances, and the like.)

## Order penetration point

The point in the production process when a product is
reserved for a specific customer.

## order point

the level of inventory that triggers the placement
of an order for additional units; it is determined based
on usage, lead time, and safety stock

## Outbound stock point

A designated inventory location on the shop floor between
operations where inventory is stockpiled until needed by the next operation.

## Point

The smallest unit of price change quoted or, one one-hundredth of a percent. Related: minimum price
fluctuation and tick.

## Point and figure chart

A price-only chart that takes into account only whole integer changes in price, i.e., a
2-point change. point and figure charting disregards the element of time and is solely used to record changes
in price.

## Point and figure chart

A financial chart usually used to plot asset price data.
Upward price movements are plotted as X’s and downward price movements
are plotted as O’s.

## point of sale (POS)

The terminal at which a customer uses his/her debit card to make a direct payment transaction. See also Interac Direct Payment.

## Point-of-use delivery

A delivery of stock to a location in or near the shop floor
adjacent to its area of use.

## Point-of-use storage

The storage of stock in a location in or near the shop floor
adjacent to its area of use.

## Premature Revenue

Revenue recognized for a confirmed sale or service transaction in a period
prior to that called for by generally accepted accounting principles.

## prevention cost

a cost incurred to improve quality by preventing
defects from occurring

## Price value of a basis point (PVBP)

Also called the dollar value of a basis point, a measure of the change in
the price of the bond if the required yield changes by one basis point.

## Realizable Revenue A revenue transaction where assets received in exchange for goods and

services are readily convertible into known amounts of cash or claims to cash.

## Realized Revenue

A revenue transaction where goods and services are exchanged for cash or
claims to cash.

## Revenue

Income earned from the sale of goods and services.

## Revenue

Amounts earned by the company from the sale of merchandise or services; often used interchangeably with the term sales.

## Revenue

An inflow of cash, accounts receivable, or barter from a customer in exchange
for the provision of a service or product to that customer by a company.

## Revenue bond

A bond issued by a municipality to finance either a project or an enterprise where the issuer
pledges to the bondholders the revenues generated by the operating projects financed, for instance, hospital
revenue bonds and sewer revenue bonds.

## revenue center

a responsibility center for which a manager is accountable only for the generation of revenues and has no control over setting selling prices, or budgeting or incurring costs

## revenue-driven expenses

Operating expenses that vary in proportion to
changes in total sales revenue (total dollars of sales). Examples are sales
commissions based on sales revenue, credit card discount expenses, and
rents and franchise fees based on sales revenue. These expenses are one
of the key variables in a profit model. Segregating these expenses from
other types of expenses that behave differently is essential for management
decision-making analysis. (These expenses are not disclosed separately
in externally reported income statements.)

## Revenue fund

A fund accounting for all revenues from an enterprise financed by a municipal revenue bond.

## Revenue Recognition

The act of recording revenue in the financial statements. Revenue should
be recognized when it is earned and realized or realizable.

services.

## Service Revenue

Revenue recognized from the provision of services as opposed to the sale of
products.

## split-off point

the point at which the outputs of a joint process are first identifiable or can be separated as individual products

## Split-off point

The point in a production process when clearly identifiable joint costs
can be identified within the process.

## Stockpoint

An inventory storage area used for short-term inventory staging.

## Total revenue

Total sales and other revenue for the period shown. Known as "turnover" in the UK.

## Turning Point

The trough or peak of a business cycle.

## Unearned revenue

Money that has been paid by customers for work yet to be done or goods yet to be provided.

## Unearned revenue

A payment from a customer that cannot yet be recognized as earned
revenue, because the offsetting service or product for which the money was paid has
not yet been delivered.