Financial Terms Balance sheet identity

# Definition of Balance sheet identity

## Balance sheet identity

Total Assets = Total Liabilities + Total Stockholders' Equity

# Related Terms:

The difference between exports and imports of goods.

## Balance of payments

A statistical compilation formulated by a sovereign nation of all economic transactions
between residents of that nation and residents of all other nations during a stipulated period of time, usually a
calendar year.

## Balance of Payments

The difference between the demand for and supply of a country's currency on the foreign exchange market.

## Balance of Payments Accounts

A statement of a country's transactions with other countries.

Net flow of goods (exports minus imports) between countries.

## Balance sheet

Also called the statement of financial condition, it is a summary of the assets, liabilities, and
owners' equity.

## BALANCE SHEET

A “snapshot” statement that freezes a company on a particular day, like the last day of the year, and shows the balances in its asset, liability, and stockholders’ equity accounts. It’s governed by the formula:
Assets = Liabilities + Stockholders’ Equity.

## Balance Sheet

A financial statement showing the financial position of a business – its assets, liabilities and
capital – at the end of an accounting period.

## Balance Sheet

One of the basic financial statements; it lists the assets, liabilities, and equity accounts of the company. The balance sheet is prepared using the balances at the end of a specific day.

## balance sheet

A term often used instead of the more formal and correct
term—statement of financial condition. This financial statement summarizes
the assets, liabilities, and owners’ equity sources of a business at a
given moment in time. It is prepared at the end of each profit period and
whenever else it is needed. It is one of the three primary financial statements
of a business, the other two being the income statement and the
statement of cash flows. The values reported in the balance sheet are the
amounts used to determine book value per share of capital stock. Also,
the book value of an asset is the amount reported in a business’s most
recent balance sheet.

## Balance sheet

A report that summarizes all assets, liabilities, and equity for a company
for a given point in time.

## balance sheet

Financial statement that shows the value of the
firm’s assets and liabilities at a particular time.

## Balance Sheet

A financial report showing the status of a company's assets, liabilities, and owners' equity on a given date.

## Balance sheet exposure

See:accounting exposure.

## Balanced-Budget Multiplier

The multiplier associated with a change in government spending financed by an equal change in taxes.

## Balanced fund

An investment company that invests in stocks and bonds. The same as a balanced mutual fund.

## Balanced mutual fund

This is a fund that buys common stock, preferred stock and bonds. The same as a
balanced fund.

## Balanced Scorecard

A system of non-financial performance measurement that links innovation, customer and process measures to financial performance.

## balanced scorecard (BSC)

an approach to performance
measurement that weighs performance measures from four
perspectives: financial performance, an internal business
perspective, a customer perspective, and an innovation and
learning perspective

## Basic balance

In a balance of payments, the basic balance is the net balance of the combination of the current
account and the capital account.

## common-size balance sheet

balance sheet that presents items as a percentage of total assets.

## Compensating balance

An excess balance that is left in a bank to provide indirect compensation for loans
extended or services provided.

## Declining balance

An accelerated depreciation method that calculates depreciation each year by applying a fixed rate to the asset’s book (cost–accumulated depreciation) value. Depreciation stops when the asset’s book value reaches its salvage value.

## Declining-balance

A method of depreciation.

## Double-declining-balance depreciation

Method of accelerated depreciation.

## employee time sheet

a source document that indicates, for each employee, what jobs were worked on during the day and for what amount of time

## job order cost sheet

a source document that provides virtually
all the financial information about a particular job;
the set of all job order cost sheets for uncompleted jobs
composes the Work in Process Inventory subsidiary ledger

## market-value balance sheet

Financial statement that uses the market value of all assets and liabilities.

## Net cash balance

Beginning cash balance plus cash receipts minus cash disbursements.

## Off-balance-sheet financing

Financing that is not shown as a liability in a company's balance sheet.

## On-hand balance

The quantity of inventory currently in stock, based on inventory
records.

## Projected available balance

The future planned balance of an inventory item,
based on the current balance and adjusted for planned receipts and usage.

## Receivables balance fractions

The percentage of a month's sales that remain uncollected (and part of
accounts receivable) at the end of succeeding months.

## Remaining principal balance

The amount of principal dollars remaining to be paid under the mortgage as of
a given point in time.

A computer program that organizes numerical data into rows and columns on a terminal screen,
for calculating and making adjustments based on new data.

## Target cash balance

Optimal amount of cash for a firm to hold, considering the trade-off between the
opportunity costs of holding too much cash and the trading costs of holding too little cash.

## Term Sheet

A list of the major points of the proposed financing being offered by an investor.

## Trial balance

A listing of all the accounts and their balances on a specified day.

## zero-balance account

Regional bank account to which just enough funds are transferred daily to pay each day’s bills.

## Zero-balance account (ZBA)

A checking account in which zero balance is maintained by transfers of funds
from a master account in an amount only large enough to cover checks presented.